Learn how to use the ARRAYFORMULA function in Google Sheets to quickly apply a formula to an entire column in the spreadsheet. The formula is also added to new rows automatically.

You are working inside a Google Spreadsheet where a formula needs to copied down to the last row of the sheet. You also need the formula to be added automatically when a new row is added to the Google Sheet.

There are several ways to solve this problem.

Copy Formula Down in Google Sheets

The easiest approach to copy down formulas is to use the fill handle in Google Sheets. Write your formula in the first row of your spreadsheet, and then point your mouse to the lower right corner of the formula cell.

The pointer changes into a fill handle (black plus symbol) that you can drag to the last row of the sheet. The fill handle will not just copy down the formulas to all the adjacent cells but also copies the visual formatting.

If you need to copy the formulas across cells but sans any formatting, select the cell that contains the formatting and press Ctrl+C to copy it to the clipboard. Next, select the range where that formula needs to applied, right-click, choose Paste Special and Paste Formula only.

Apply Formula to the Entire Column in Google Sheets

If you have hundreds of rows in a Google Spreadsheet and you want to apply the same formula to all rows of a particular column, there’s a more efficient solution than copy-paste – Array Formulas.

Highlight the first cell in the column and type the formula as earlier. However, instead of specifying a single cell as a parameter, we’ll specify the entire column using the B2:B notation (start from cell B2 and go all the way down to the last row of column B).

Then press Ctrl+Shift+Enter, or Cmd+Shift+Enter on Mac, and Google Sheets will automatically surround your formula with **ARRAYFORMULA** function.

Thus, we could apply the formula to the entire column of the spreadsheet with only a single cell. Array Formulas are more efficient as they process a batch of rows in one go. They are also easier to maintain as you only need to modify a single cell to edit the formula.

One issue that you may have noticed with the above formulae is that it applies to every row in the column where you have only want to add formulas to rows that contain data and skip the blank rows.

This can be done by adding an IF contain to our ARRAYFORMULA so that it doesn’t apply the formula the any of the blank rows.

Google Spreadsheet offers two functions to help test whether a cell is empty or now.

- ISBLANK(A1) – Returns TRUE if the referenced cell is empty.
- LEN(A1) <> 0 – Returns TRUE if the referenced cell not empty, FALSE otherwise

Our modified Array Formulas would therefore read:

**Using ISBLANK(Cell Reference):**

There are several other ways to test if a cell is blank or not:

Use Array Formulas inside Column Headers

In our previous examples, the text of the column titles (like *Tax*, *Total Amount*) was pre-populated and the formulas were only added to the first row of the dataset.

We can further improve our formula so that they can be applied to the column header itself. If the index of the current row is 1, calculated using the ROW() function, the formula outputs the column title else it performs the calculation using the formula.

Auto Fill Formulas into Google Form Submissions

ARRAYFORMULA functions are particularly useful for Google Forms when the form responses are getting saved inside a Google Sheet. You cannot do live calculations inside Google Forms but they can be performed inside the spreadsheet that is collecting the responses.

You can create new columns inside the Google Spreadsheet and apply the ARRAYFORMULA to the first row of the added columns.

When a new form submission is received, a new row would be added to the Google Sheet and the formulas would be cloned and automatically applied to the new rows without you have to copy-paste stuff.

How to Use VLOOKUP inside ARRAYFORMULA

You can combine ARRAYFORMULA with VLOOKUP to quickly perform a lookup across an entire column.

Say you have a “Fruits” sheet that lists the fruit names in column A and the corresponding prices in column B. The second sheet “Orders” has fruit names in column A, the quantity in column B and you are supposed to calculate the order amount in column C.

In simple English, if the row of the current cell is 1, output the column title in plain text. If the row is greater than 1 and the column A of the current row is not empty, perform a VLOOKUP to fetch the price of the item from the Fruits sheet. Then multiply that price with the quantity in cell B and output the value in cell C.

If your VLOOKUP range is in another Google Spreadsheet, use the IMPORTRANGE() function with the ID of the other Google Sheet.

*Please note that you may have to use semicolons in the spreadsheet formulas instead of commas for some locales.*

Adding some cells or a column is some of the most common things users do in Google Sheets.

If you have a column full of numbers, you can easily calculate the sum of the entire column (or a specific range in the column).

In this tutorial, I will show you how to use a simple formula to **sum a column in Google Sheets**.

Table of Contents

## Sum a Column using the SUM Function

Suppose you have the dataset as shown below and you want to get the sum of all the values in the column.

Below is the formula that will give you the sum of all the values in the column:

Enter this formula in cell A15 (or whichever cell where you want the sum of the column) and hit the enter key.

Google Sheets try to guess the range for you which you want to calculate the sum. When you enter the text =sum and then hit the tab key, Google Sheets will automatically select the range of cells that have the numbers.

Since this is a dynamic result, in case you change anything in any of the cells, the formula would automatically update.

While this works great, what if your data expands and you get new values that you need to be a part of the sum. While you can adjust the formula, there is a better way to make the formula dynamic.

Instead of just using the range that has the values, you include more cells that might get some additional data in the future.

In our example, I can use the below formula instead:

Although cell A11 to A14 are empty as of now, these are still used in the formula. In case a value is added to these cells, the formula would automatically update to reflect these new values in the total sum.

## Sum an Entire Column using the SUM Function

Another thing you can do when calculating the sum of all the values in a column is to include the entire column as a part of the formula.

For example, suppose you have the data as shown below and you want to add all the values in the entire column. At the same time, you want to make sure that in case any new value is added anywhere in the column, it’s also added to the total value.

Below is the formula that will do this:

The above formula takes A:A as the input range, which represents the entire column.

Also, don’t worry about having any text value in the column, as text values are automatically ignored.

Note: For this to work, you need to enter the formula in a cell that is not in the same column. If you keep it in the same column, it would give a reference error as there would be a circular reference issue.

Remember that the SUM formula only adds those cells that have a numeric value. If there is any text, or of the number that has been formatted as text, it would be ignored.

So this is how you can use the SUM formula to get the total of a column in Google Sheets

I hope you found this tutorial useful!

**Other Google Sheets tutorial you may like:**

When creating apps with Glide, one invaluable yet obscure feature of Google Sheets is the ability to calculate an entire column. You’ve probably written a formula in the first row then copied it all the way down the column, but there’s a better way!

For example, I have a sheet with my friends’ birthdays and I want to create a Message column that uses the Next Age and Days Away columns to compose a message about their upcoming birthday. You can see I’m using the formula =”Turns ” & D2 & ” in ” & E2 & ” days” to calculate the message to display in F2 :

By wrapping this formula with ARRAYFORMULA and changing cell references D2 and E2 to open-ended ranges D2:D and E2:E , I can calculate the message for all rows.

=”Turns ” & D2 & ” in ” & E2 & ” days”

=ARRAYFORMULA(“Turns ” & D2:D & ” in ” & E2:E & ” days”)

You can see that the formula is applied for every row, so now I have a message for all of my friends! One small gotcha is that the full column is computed, even for rows without birthdays:

I can avoid generating messages for empty rows with an IF formula that checks whether our input columns have data. Specifically, I’ll require Next Age (column D ) to be non-empty to calculate a message.

=ARRAYFORMULA(“Turns ” & D2:D & ” in ” & E2:E & ” days”)

=ARRAYFORMULA(IF(LEN(D2:D) = 0, “”, “Turns ” & D2:D & ” in ” & E2:E & ” days”))

Now I can use Message as the list item detail in my Birthdays Glide app to see how old my friends are, and how close their next birthday is at a glance:

Try using ARRAYFORMULA to make your Glide apps more powerful!

You can use Google Sheets for anything from household budgeting to managing a business. Sheets also makes short work of accounts, invoicing, and billing. One way it helps out is when formulas, and thatвЂ™s the subject of todayвЂ™s tutorial. This article shows you how to copy a formula down an entire column in Google Sheets to help you save time and frustration.

## Help with Google Sheets Formulas

Formulas are the math behind the spreadsheet. Using particular expressions, you tell the sheet what to do with the data you enter into specific cells to generate the desired result. The task can be as simple as adding two cells to create a total and collate the averages over thousands of different cells. Regardless of the size and scope of the calculation, the core formula usually remains the same.

## How To Use Formulas In Google Sheets

Formulas are relatively straightforward, even if you are not a math geek. Google Sheets uses logical expressions to deliver results depending on the criteria you enter. You can see the formula in the actual cell containing said formula or within the formula bar at the top of the Sheet (denoted by FX). Here’s how to enter a formula in Google sheets.

- Double click on the cell where you want your formula, and then type
without quotes, followed by the formula.*“=”* - Press enter to save formula or click on another cell. The results will appear in the cell while the formula will show in the
**“fx”**box above.

In the image example above, the formula entered in cell D3 is shown in the “fx” box at the top while the value appears in the cell. The example above adds cells B3 and C3, forming a sum. It is a simple formula, but it gives you an idea of how they work.

Formulas can become complicated, advanced statements capable of functions like sorting, highlighting specific cells based on specified criteria, combining various mathematics for specific cell combinations, and much more.

## Copy a Formula Down an Entire Column in Google Sheets

To copy calculations down an entire column in Google Sheets, you have a few options, depending on the formula. You’ll understand that better when you get to option #3. The easiest method is to grab the fill handle and slide down to your last cell. However, longer sheets work best by simply double-clicking the handle. You can also use the top cell to initiate a formula replication process that flows down your entire column. Here are the details on all three options.

### Option #1: Dragging The Top Cell to Replicate Formulas

- Highlight the first cell in your column that includes the formula, then select the fill handle (small blue box) in the cell’s bottom-right section. The cursor turns into a crosshair when positioned correctly.
- Drag the crosshair down to the last desired cell that will use the specified formula. Google Sheets will automatically populate the correct formula for each row.

The above process uses row #3’s formula [**=SUM(B3+C3)**] to autopopulate all other selected rows within the column [**=SUM(B4+C4)**], [**=SUM(B5+C5)**], etc.

**Note:** Option #1 will insert **“0”** in a row where no data is present. You’ll have to delete the contents of that cell if you want it blank.

### Option #2: Double-Click the Top Cell to Replicate The Formula Down The Column

- Select the first cell in the column that includes the formula, then hover over the fill handle in the bottom-right corner. DO NOT CLICK YET.
- Double-click the left mouse button while on the fill handle. This process will autogenerate the formula down to the last filled cell in the column.

**Note:** Option #2 will stop inserting formulas when it reaches a blank row down the column. Copy the first cell, paste it in the next filled cell of the column, and replicate the steps above.

### Option #3: Use an Array Formula to Replicate Calculations Down The Column

The last method to duplicate a formula down a column in Google Sheets is to use the “ArrayFormula” function. Be sure to type the correct ranges into the formula.

#### Google ARRAYFORMULA Range Examples to Replicate Formulas in a Column

=ArrayFormula(B3:B6+C3:C6)

The above example uses the **“addition”** formula (B3+C3), but it adds a range that goes down to cells B6 and C6. Google Sheets uses (B3+C3) and replicates it down the column (B4+C4), (B5+C5), and (B6+C6).

=ARRAYFORMULA(IF(ISBLANK(B3:B+C3:C),””,IF(B3:B+C3:C=0,””,(B3:B+C3:C))))

The above example calculates the same totals as the previous formula, except it replaces the “0” in cells with no characters so that it appears empty. The **ISBLANK** part ignores blank cells, and the characters inserted inside **“”** are what Google Sheets places into the empty cells, which is set as nothing.

**Note:** Option #3 will auto-populate the formula in each cell of the column based on your specified range. If any blank cells exist in the range, it will insert “0” in the cell, unless you add the “ISBLANK” and “=0” formulas, as shown above.

**All cells become undeletable** unless you clear the array formula in the top cell and choose another method. If you try to add a number in a cell within the array, the formula cell will display “#REF!” and all cells below it become blank except the one you changed. Delete does nothing to the cells within the array.

In closing, the methods used in Google Sheets to replicate formulas in a column is not that complicated, as long as you understand the formula strings/arguments used. No matter which option suits you best, test it out first in a small sheet, then copy it over. It is also best to run a second test on a genuine copy of your original sheet before officially implementing the formulas, mainly because you have a lot of data that could get changed for the worse.

When creating apps with Glide, one invaluable yet obscure feature of Google Sheets is the ability to calculate an entire column. You’ve probably written a formula in the first row then copied it all the way down the column, but there’s a better way!

For example, I have a sheet with my friends’ birthdays and I want to create a Message column that uses the Next Age and Days Away columns to compose a message about their upcoming birthday. You can see I’m using the formula =”Turns ” & D2 & ” in ” & E2 & ” days” to calculate the message to display in F2 :

By wrapping this formula with ARRAYFORMULA and changing cell references D2 and E2 to open-ended ranges D2:D and E2:E , I can calculate the message for all rows.

=”Turns ” & D2 & ” in ” & E2 & ” days”

=ARRAYFORMULA(“Turns ” & D2:D & ” in ” & E2:E & ” days”)

You can see that the formula is applied for every row, so now I have a message for all of my friends! One small gotcha is that the full column is computed, even for rows without birthdays:

I can avoid generating messages for empty rows with an IF formula that checks whether our input columns have data. Specifically, I’ll require Next Age (column D ) to be non-empty to calculate a message.

=ARRAYFORMULA(“Turns ” & D2:D & ” in ” & E2:E & ” days”)

=ARRAYFORMULA(IF(LEN(D2:D) = 0, “”, “Turns ” & D2:D & ” in ” & E2:E & ” days”))

Now I can use Message as the list item detail in my Birthdays Glide app to see how old my friends are, and how close their next birthday is at a glance:

Try using ARRAYFORMULA to make your Glide apps more powerful!

Have you ever wanted to add a new column with a formula to your Transactions sheet that keeps up with the new rows added each day by the Tiller Feed Bot? This week on the blog we share how to use a Google Sheets ArrayFormula to trick out your Transactions sheet.

- Heather Phillips
- April 21, 2017

Here at Tiller, we populate a number of columns automatically with your bank data each day, but what if you want a custom column with your own formula that runs alongside these transactions?

One option is to write the formula in row 2 (just below the header) on your Transactions sheet and then copy/paste or drag it into the entire column. That works for historical data, but tomorrow Tiller will insert new rows into your Transactions sheet, and those rows won’t carry that formula forward.

## Using Google Sheets ARRAYFORMULA magic

With a little bit of effort, and a couple handy tips, you can adapt many custom formulas into something that can be automatically and neatly expanded into every current and future row in your Transactions sheet using ARRAYFORMULA.

As an example, the Tiller feedbot automatically populates a ‘Week’ column that uses Sunday as the start date of the week. With this data you can easily create pivot tables based on weekly spending, but what if you want the start of your week to be Monday? You’ll need to write your own formula.

It’s a common scenario, and thankfully it’s easy to use Google Sheets’ ARRAYFORMULA to fill this alternate week start column. We’ll want to place the formula into the header row and tweak it a bit so that the data is displayed in a way that makes sense.

## Setting up the Google Sheets ArrayFormula for calculating a Monday week start date

First, enter this formula into the header row for a new column where you want to see the “alternate week” start date, where the Date is in column A.

At this point we also want to format the column to display the data as a date. Click the column letter header and then open the format menu and choose Format > Number > Date. If we left it here, we’d have the data, but now the header row says ‘#VALUE’:

Google Sheets ARRAYFORMULA in action!

To amend this, we can use an IF statement to program the array formula to know that if we’re looking at something other than a number we want to display “Alt Week”. The dates in Column A are numbers, but the header row value for column A, ‘Date’, is not a number.

=ARRAYFORMULA(IF($A:$A <> “Date”, $A:$A-WEEKDAY($A:$A,3), “Alt Week”))

However, if we scroll down to blank lines in the spreadsheet we see that some random date is being calculated for each empty row. To remove those extra values we’ll use another IF statement that adds an empty string in anywhere that column A was also blank:

The ARRAYFORMULA calculates dates on the blank lines.

=ARRAYFORMULA(IF(ISBLANK($A:$A), “”, IF($A:$A <> “Date”, $A:$A-WEEKDAY($A:$A,3), “Alt Week”)))

Voilà! We’ve now got an Alt Week column with no blank lines and that won’t break if we insert rows at the top.

A small final tweak is to adjust the formatting of the header row of the new column to match the other header rows. You can quickly do this by selecting one of the other header rows, click the “paint format” button and then click the new header.

## A few things to keep in mind when using the ARRAYFORMULA:

- You still won’t be able to edit calculated values on an individual row. In other words, in this example, if you wanted to change the week, your only option is to change the data in column A.
- The Google Sheets 2 million cell limit kicks in faster as you add columns, so if you plan to use this extensively consider using ARRAYFORMULA on a separate sheet that also uses a QUERY or IMPORTRANGE to pull only a portion of the raw data (just one year of data for instance).
- Inserting new columns or changing the order of the columns can be problematic so make sure you insert the column in a good spot when you’re setting it up the first time.

The Google Sheets ARRAYFORMULA is incredibly powerful. You could write one that displays a category in all caps to make charts look nice, set up some year-month formatting for pivot tables or charts and pretty much anything else you can imagine. The applications are countless!

I’m using IFTTT to add rows to a Google Sheet based on new Google Calendar Events. When a Google Calendar Event is added, IFTTT adds a new row to a Google Sheet. Column A is the StartTime from the Google Calendar Event, which is formatted as “March 31, 2021 at 08:30PM”. Column B is the Description from the Google Calendar Event, which I use to pass a telephone number in the format 12145551212.

For Column C, I would like to use a formula that uses a regular expression to take the StartTime, subtract a day, and only make use of the date, so it would read “March 30, 2021. Column D would use a formula that uses a regular expression to parse out the time, so it would read “08:30PM” My formulas I’m trying to use are “=REGEXREPLACE(A2, ” at.*$”,)-1″ and “=REGEXREPLACE(A2, “^.* at “,)”

My problem is that the C and D columns must appear empty until columns A and B are added. If a formula is already in the row, IFTTT enters the new row on the first row that is totally clear. It bypasses my formulas this way if I simply copy a formula all the way down the column. I tried passing the actual formula from IFTTT to Google Sheets with “<*$”,)-1|||=REGEXREPLACE(A2, “^.* at “,)” but the regex formulas did not end up being entered in Sheets and those cells were left blank.

This is all in an effort to use an SMS app (ClickSend) to send out appointment reminders 24 hours before an appointment that gets entered into a new Google Calendar Event. New Calendar Event > IFTTT > Google Sheet > IFTTT > New Calendar Event (trigger) > IFTTT > Send SMS appointment reminder at Start-time of trigger Calendar Event. It would be nice to cut out the spreadsheet entirely. Unfortunately, the IFTTT Google Calendar interface, does not seem to have a way to make a new calendar event based on a new event minus 24 hours while also passing the description field.

If someone knows a better way to accomplish this without being a fluent coder (I try, but am not great), I’m all ears.

Learn how to add autofill formulas with Google Form responses in Google Sheets. The cell values are automatically calculated when a new Google Form response is submitted.

When people submit your Google Form, a new row is inserted in the Google Sheet that is storing the form responses. This spreadsheet row contains a Timestamp column, the actual date when the form was submitted, and the other columns in the sheet contain all the user’s answers, one per column.

You can extend the Google Forms sheet to also include formula fields and the cell values are automatically calculated whenever a new row is added to the sheet by the Google Form. For instance:

- You can have an auto-number formula that assigns an auto-incrementing but sequential ID to every form response. It can be useful when you are using Google Forms for invoicing.
- For customer order forms, a formula can be written in Google Sheets to calculate the total amount based on the item selection, the country (tax rates are different) and the quantity selected in the form.
- For hotel reservations forms, a formula can automatically calculate the room rent based on the check-in and check-out date filled by the customer in the Google Form.
- For quizzes, a teacher can automatically calculate the final score of the student by matching the values entered in the form with the actual answers and assigning scores.
- If a users has made multiple form submissions, a formula can help you determine the total number of entries made by a user as soon as they submit a form.

Google Sheets Formulas for Google Forms

In this step by step guide, you’ll learn how to add formulas to Google Sheets that are associated with Google Forms. The corresponding cell values in the response rows will be automatically calculated when a new response is submitted.

To get a better understanding of what we are trying to achieve, open this Google Form and submit a response. Next, open this Google Sheet and you’ll find your response in a new row. The columns F-K are autofilled using formulas.

All examples below will use the ArrayFormula function of Google Sheets though some of these example can also be written using the FILTER function.

Auto-Number Form Responses with a Unique ID

Open the Google Sheet that is storing form responses, go to first empty column and copy-paste the following formula in the row #1 of the empty column.

The ROW() function returns the row number of the current response row. It returns 1 for the first row in the Invoice Column and thus we set the column title in the first row. For subsequent rows, if the first column of the row (usually Timestamp) is not empty, the invoice ID is auto generated.

The IDs will be like 00001 , 00002 and so on. You only need to place the formula is first row of the column and it auto-populates all the other rows in the column.

The IFERROR function returns the first argument if it is not an error value, otherwise returns the second argument if present, or a blank if the second argument is absent. So in this case 1/0 is an error and thus it always returns a blank value.

Date Calculation Formula for Google Forms

Your Google Form has two date fields – the check-in date and the check-out date. The hotel rates may vary every season so you have a separate table in the Google Sheet that maintains the room rent per month.

The Column C in the Google Sheet holds the responses for the check-in date while the D column is storing the check-out dates.

The formulas uses VLOOKUP to get the room rates for the travel date specified in the form response and then calculates the room rent by multiplying the room rent with duration of stay.

The same formula can also be written with IFS instead of VLOOKUP

Calculate Tax Amount Based on Invoice Value

In this approach, we’ll use the FILTER function and that could lead to a less complicated formula than using using IF function. The downside is that you have to write the column title in row #1 and paste the formulas in row #2 (so one form response should exist for the formula to work).

Here we apply 35% tax to the invoice value and this formula should be added in the row #2 of the column titled “Tax Amount” as shown in the screenshot.

Assign Quiz Scores in Google Forms

Which city is known as the big apple? This is a short-answer question in Google Forms so students can give responses like New York, New York City, NYC and they’ll still be correct. The teacher has to assign 10 points to the correct answer.

In this formula, we are making use of the IFS function that like an IF THEN statement in programming. We are using REGEXMATCH to match values like New York, New York, newyork in one go using regular expressions.

The IFS function returns an NA if none of the conditions are true so we add a TRUE check at the end that will always be evaluated to true if none of the previous conditions matched and returns 0 .

Extract the First Name of the Form Respondent

If you have form field that asks the user to entire their full name, you can use Google Sheets function to extract the first name from the full name and use that field to send personalised emails.

We’ve used RegexExtract method here to fetch the string before the first space in the name field. The PROPER function will capitalise the first letter of the name incase the user entered their name in lower case.

Find Duplicate Google Form Submissions

If your Google Form is collection email addresses, you can use that field to quickly detect responses that have been submitted by the same user multiple times.

Assuming that the Column B is storing the email addresses of the form respondents, we can use the COUNTIF function to quickly mark duplicate entries in our responses spreadsheet. You can also use conditional formatting in Sheets to highlight rows that are possible duplicate entries.

Email Form Responses with AutoFill Values

You can use Document Studio to automatically send an email to the form respondents. The email is sent after the formular values are auto-filled by the Google Sheet. The original form response and the calculated values can also be included in the generated PDF document.