How to appreciate black metal

Author

Professor, North Carolina State University

Disclosure statement

Jason C. Bivins does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

Partners

The Conversation UK receives funding from these organisations

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When three historically African American churches were burned down recently in southern Louisiana, it evoked memories of the violence of the civil rights era.

A 21-year-old white male, Holden Matthews, was later arrested on charges of arson. As media reports noted, Holden may have been influenced by a subgenre of heavy metal music – black metal. The Daily Beast reported that a Facebook page “that appeared to belong to Matthews showed he was active in pagan and black metal pages.”

The church burnings are still under investigation. But as a scholar who studies religion’s connection with several genres of popular music, including heavy metal, I know that a small subset of black metal came to be linked to sensational violence in its early days.

History of metal

Heavy metal has its roots in the 1960s. To early bands and listeners it provided what musicologist Robert Walser called “a ‘harder’ sort of hard rock.”

The rock genre of metal distinguished itself from other genres through its dark worldly outlook. Many of its lyrics dealt with themes of demonology and death that contrasted with the popular music of the times.

Some early bands like Black Sabbath explored Satanic imagery in their songs and reveled in the controversy that they generated. Many parents were concerned that young listeners would be seduced into evil with such songs.

Black Sabbath.

By the 1980s, metal as a genre had become commercially successful in Europe and North America. Around that time, other bands also emerged that believed metal should shock listeners rather than seek only commercial success.

One such band was England’s Venom. Scholar Titus Hjelm has argued that the band’s 1982 album “Black Metal” was the starting point of black metal as a subgenre.

Obsessed with Satanic imagery, Venom’s noisy and aggressive style became the musical template for subsequent bands.

The bands following Venom often combined extravagant theatricality, such as makeup and props like pentagrams or inverted crosses, with fiercely anti-Christian lyrics.

Black metal

Among some black metal bands that sprang up in the mid-1980s, reliance on Satanic imagery was often replaced by an interest in alternate religious themes that were opposed to Christianity. These ideas took hold most deeply in Scandinavia.

Many of the younger Scandinavian black metal bands believed that the “purity” of their ancient Norse culture had been diluted by the influence of Judeo-Christian religions. Many of these musicians publicly embraced religions like Asatru, which worships the old Norse gods that predated the arrival of Christianity in Scandinavia. They professed admiration for Viking resistance to Christianization and for the strength of Norse deities like Thor.

Some bands also called for purging metal of the influences of American rock. What they emphasized was shifting to a purely European musical form that expressed their reverence for their culture.

But beyond aggressive song lyrics, there were no links to violence until this period.

Ideas spread in Norway

In early 1990s, these ideas caught on with a small group of Norwegian musicians. These young men often gathered at Oslo’s record shop Helvete, meaning Hell, for conversation and music.

They were attracted to the ideas of self-reliance and personal strength found in the writings of 19th-century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.

More importantly, as scholar Kennet Granholm writes, they embraced the idea that strength and nonconformity thrived in Scandinavia’s pre-Christian past, which “provided legitimacy both by being outside the mainstream and part of a perceived ‘authentic native culture.’” They began to contrast “heathen” culture with what they called the weak outsider religion of Christianity.

To demonstrate their idea of religious irreverence, the black metal bands emerging from this scene painted their faces to look like corpses, wore spiked gauntlets and bandoliers, and sometimes performed with animals’ blood onstage.

Black metal’s violence

In the early 1990s, a small number of the musicians who regularly gathered at Helvete began plotting ways to demonstrate their desire to crush what they saw as weakness and impurity.

This took several forms, ranging from murder to grave desecration. One of these men, for example, murdered a homosexual man because the musician was revolted at being propositioned while walking in a park known to be a place where gay males met for sex.

Black metal’s opposition to Christianity also led to a series of church arsons. In various Norwegian cities in 1992, several black metal musicians burned eight separate churches, some many centuries old. Arsons continued in both Norway and Sweden through 1995.

Since this period of great violence and controversy, black metal continued to thrive in the form of multiple subgenres. It is important to note, however, that most black metal musicians and fans then and now criticized physical violence.

Racist ideology

In the mid- to late-1990s, however, some black metal bands expressed the belief that fierce racist and anti-immigrant positions were integral to their music. Borrowing from Nazi ideology, a small number of Norwegian musicians believed that people of European descent should return to Aryan racial identity. These ideas found a home with a small but virulent subset of U.S. black metal bands and fans.

In time, such views led to the emergence of a small subgenre of black metal: national socialist black metal, the variant of black metal that most explicitly espoused racial separatism and extreme violence. In countries like Australia, Poland, Greece and the United States, National Socialist Black Metal has maintained a steady, if highly marginal, existence.

While most people involved in black metal rejected these views explicitly, the genre’s sometime emphasis on ethnic and cultural purity was interpreted by extremists as having a racial implication.

Many of these ideas were also be embraced by the American Nazi Party of the mid-20th century, which in turn had drawn on Odinism, an explicitly racist brand of Norse paganism begun by a Norwegian Nazi sympathizer.

Fun and cathartic for most fans

To be clear, heavy metal in general is as inclusive and nonviolent as the majority of rock genres. Some of the more aggressive variants of metal have actually been linked by psychologists to joyful attitudes.

And today, most fans of black metal enjoy the music in conventional ways, finding it fun and cathartic. There are also variants of black metal that promote environmental consciousness and even Christianity.

How to appreciate black metal

Valheim player approaching an altar Photo: Valheim Official Website

KEY POINTS

  • Black Metal is one of the stronger tiers of equipment in “Valheim”
  • Players must defeat Moder, the game’s third boss, to craft Black Metal Bars
  • Black Metal Scraps can be gathered from the Fulings found in the Plains biome

Black Metal is one of the higher-tier crafting materials in “Valheim” and is used to create some of the best weapons and armor in the game. Such power comes at a cost, however, but like every challenge in “Valheim,” it’s nothing that can’t be surpassed by those who persevere.

“Valheim” players who are searching for Black Metal should already have the previous tier of equipment unlocked. A working Forge and Smelter are required to craft the rest of the equipment needed to create Black Metal bars, so be sure to have these handy.

Gather Materials

To craft Black Metal, players will first need to collect Black Metal scraps from monsters known as Fulings located across the Plains biome. Any variation of Fuling will drop scraps for players to collect and these monsters are somewhat abundant, so players should have no trouble finding them.

Gathering scraps is arguably the easiest part of the process, however.

Defeat Moder

Beating the black wyvern Moder is necessary if players want to craft Black Metal equipment. The boss can be summoned by offering three dragon eggs at a specific altar in a Mountains biome. The exact location of this altar can be found by interacting with a rune stone that’s potentially inside one of the buildings in the region.

How to appreciate black metal

A player preparing for a night in the woods in Valheim Photo: Valheim Steam Page

Make sure to prepare for a fight as Moder is one of the more difficult enemies in the game. Defeating her will unlock the recipe for the Blast Furnace, which is needed to smelt Black Metal scraps.

Craft Black Metal Bars

First, create a Blast Furnace using 20 Stone, 10 Iron and 20 Fine Wood on an Artisan Table. Place it in a vacant spot and it’ll be ready to use. The Artisan Table’s recipe will be unlocked after defeating Moder and is crafted using a Dragon Tear.

Fuel up the Blast Furnace and use it to turn Black Metal Scraps into Black Metal Bars. Players can use a Forge to turn Black Metal Bars as well as a few other choice ingredients into their choice of equipment.

Crafting Black Metal equipment will make the rest of the journey to defeat other “Valheim” big bosses that much easier. Just be sure to keep a few extra bars handy for worst-case scenarios.

IT’S COMMON THAT BLACK PEOPLE ARE OPPRESSED & LIMITED TO GANG CULTURE, CARIBBEAN CULTURE, & HIP HOP CULTURE WHILE WHITE PEOPLE ARE WELCOMED IN ALL CULTURES WITHOUT SO MUCH QUESTIONING & REJECTION COMPARED TO A BLACK PERSON TRYING SOMETHING NEW & UNIQUE LIKE SKATEBOARDING OR SOMETHING THAT IS SADLY WHITEWASHED.

MUSIC CULTURE IS SOMETHING THAT’S NOT BASED ON THE COLOR OF YOUR SKIN BUT THE EXPRESSION OF YOUR TRUE AND RAW EMOTIONS & THAT’S WHY MUSIC IS SO ATTRACTIVE NO MATTER WHAT KIND OF MUSIC UNLESS YOU ARE BIASED OR WHITEWASHED. IT IS TRUE SOME MUSIC IS AN ACQUIRED TASTE, BUT IF YOU ARE OPEN-MINDED AND WILLING, YOU WILL LEARN TO LOVE A MUSIC CULTURE JUST LIKE HOW WHITE PEOPLE LEARN TO LOVE OTHER PEOPLE’S CULTURES. THAT WAS A JOKE, BUT IT IS TRUE. WE HAVE TO REALLY EDUCATE OURSELVES & REALLY LEARN OTHERS AS MUCH AS WE SHOULD LEARN OURSELVES AND APPRECIATE ONE ANOTHER.

BUT, GOING BACK TO MUSIC CULTURES. BLACK PEOPLE HAVE BEEN DOING DIFFERENT KIND OF MUSIC CULTURES FOR A LONG TIME. THE CREATION OF SCATTING INSPIRED JAZZ & BLUES, & OTHER MUSIC CULTURES. PRAYER AND COMMUNITY SONGS DURING SLAVERY INSPIRED GOSPEL MUSIC & OTHER SING ALONG KIND OF MUSIC LIKE THAT. JIMMY HENDRIX, JAMES BROWN, BAD BRAINS & OTHER OLD SCHOOL BLACK ARTISTS LIKE THEMSELVES INSPIRED HIP HOP, PUNK, METAL, AND SO MUCH MORE!

BLACK MODERN ARTISTS LIKE AARON HEARD & ANDRE 3000 ARE CARRYING THE TORCH FOR THE PROGRESSION OF BLACK PEOPLE IN DIFFERENT CULTURES.

How to appreciate black metalANDRE 3000 ON THE LEFT / AARON HEARD ON THE RIGHT

AARON HEARD IS A VOCALIST FOR A HARDCORE BAND NAMED JESUS PIECE(WHICH STARTED OUT AS A SUB-GENRE OF PUNK MUSIC BUT NOW HAS ITS OWN CULTURE AND AESTHETIC & GOT COMBINED WITH METAL MUSIC AS THE MUSIC GOT HEAVIER SOUNDING & LESS TRADITIONAL PUNK-ISH, SO SOMETIMES CAN BE REFERRED TO AS “HEAVY METAL” EVEN THOUGH HARDCORE IS MORE OF ITS OWN MUSIC CULTURE BUT YOU CAN LEAVE A COMMENT AND WE CAN DISCUSS THAT. NOW ENJOY THIS VIDEO!

ANDRE 3000 IS A HIP HOP ARTIST. HE IS PART OF A HIP HOP GROUP CALLED OUTKAST. HE’S NOT A NEW AGE HIP HOP ARTIST LIKE TRAVIS SCOTT OR LIL UZI VERT BUT HE IS STILL A VERY GOOD EXAMPLE OF WHAT IS “BLACK EXCELLENCE” AND WHAT HIP HOP IS TRULY ABOUT OR AT LEAST WHAT IT ORIGINATED FROM AND HE IS STILL MAINTAINING AND SHARING THE TORCH AMONGST HIS PEERS NEW AND OLD NO MATTER WHAT CULTURE THEY FEEL LIKE THEY BELONG TO.

MUSIC IS LIKE A NOTEBOOK, IT CAN BE OPENED AND WRITTEN BY ANYONE THAT WANTS TO WRITE IN IT.

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It may not be gold or diamonds, but it’s the most precious resource in Black Flag.

by Bryan Dawson

If you’ve been playing a lot of Assassin’s Creed 4: Black Flag , you’ve probably come to realize that upgrading the Jackdaw is very important. With that realization came another interesting fact, you need a lot of metal to get the upgrades you want. You probably looked around and spotted a few ships here and there with some metal, but when you checked the upgrade list to see just how much metal you needed, it was probably a bit disheartening to see you had nowhere near enough.

Metal is the most commonly used commodity to upgrade your ship in Assassin’s Creed 4. Unfortunately, it’s also the hardest to find. Even when you find ships with a lot of metal, you can’t take them down early on because they’re usually high level. Don’t worry, Prima Games has your back. We’ve come up with a few ways to earn metal in Assassin’s Creed 4.

Warehouses

With every major town you visit, find the viewpoints and synchronize so you have a view of the entire map. Once that’s done, you can find all of the warehouse locations. Make sure you stop by every warehouse because many of them have a hefty supply of metal. These are also mini-missions that you can repeat over and over as long as you wait a little for the mission to respawn. You can even find a few treasure chests or take on assassin contracts while you wait.

The key with warehouses is that they’re relatively easy to infiltrate, and you can do so early in the game. You’ll need to upgrade the Jackdaw early and often if you want things to be easier as you progress through the naval battles in the main story missions. The easier it is to acquire metal, the better off you’ll be.

Raise Your Wanted Level

You can always go after the super strong ships to find a large amount of metal, but that means you need a heavily upgraded Jackdaw, which is the whole purpose for the metal in the first place. However, early on you can ambush smaller ships for a little bit of metal. Use the spyglass to determine the contents of each ship before you engage. Don’t waste time attacking ships that don’t have metal, unless you simply can’t find any ships housing metal at the time.

The more ships you take down, the higher your wanted levels gets. Once it reaches a high enough level, you’ll alert local authorities and hunting ships will come after you. These hunting ships almost always have a good amount of metal in their hull, and they never stop coming for you as long as you don’t clear your wanted level. If you’re in the lower level waters, the hunting ships won’t be too difficult to overcome, even when you’re surrounded by several at once.

Hunt Stronger Ships

Of course, the most lucrative way to obtain metal is to take down the higher level ships located in the hard difficulty areas. These should be your targets once you’ve upgraded the most important areas of the Jackdaw two or three times. At this point, not only will you have a stronger ship, but you’ll also be in need of much larger quantities of metal.

The smaller ships and even the hunter ships won’t offer enough to meet your need unless you take down a ton of them. This is when you head to the hard areas and take on the higher level ships. Make sure you continue to use the spyglass to examine each ship; even the higher level ships vary in level and supplies. Start with the lowest of the high level ships and work your way up as you continue to upgrade the Jackdaw.

Author

Professor, North Carolina State University

Disclosure statement

Jason C. Bivins does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.

Partners

The Conversation UK receives funding from these organisations

  • Email
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
  • LinkedIn
  • WhatsApp
  • Messenger

When three historically African American churches were burned down recently in southern Louisiana, it evoked memories of the violence of the civil rights era.

A 21-year-old white male, Holden Matthews, was later arrested on charges of arson. As media reports noted, Holden may have been influenced by a subgenre of heavy metal music – black metal. The Daily Beast reported that a Facebook page “that appeared to belong to Matthews showed he was active in pagan and black metal pages.”

The church burnings are still under investigation. But as a scholar who studies religion’s connection with several genres of popular music, including heavy metal, I know that a small subset of black metal came to be linked to sensational violence in its early days.

History of metal

Heavy metal has its roots in the 1960s. To early bands and listeners it provided what musicologist Robert Walser called “a ‘harder’ sort of hard rock.”

The rock genre of metal distinguished itself from other genres through its dark worldly outlook. Many of its lyrics dealt with themes of demonology and death that contrasted with the popular music of the times.

Some early bands like Black Sabbath explored Satanic imagery in their songs and reveled in the controversy that they generated. Many parents were concerned that young listeners would be seduced into evil with such songs.

Black Sabbath.

By the 1980s, metal as a genre had become commercially successful in Europe and North America. Around that time, other bands also emerged that believed metal should shock listeners rather than seek only commercial success.

One such band was England’s Venom. Scholar Titus Hjelm has argued that the band’s 1982 album “Black Metal” was the starting point of black metal as a subgenre.

Obsessed with Satanic imagery, Venom’s noisy and aggressive style became the musical template for subsequent bands.

The bands following Venom often combined extravagant theatricality, such as makeup and props like pentagrams or inverted crosses, with fiercely anti-Christian lyrics.

Black metal

Among some black metal bands that sprang up in the mid-1980s, reliance on Satanic imagery was often replaced by an interest in alternate religious themes that were opposed to Christianity. These ideas took hold most deeply in Scandinavia.

Many of the younger Scandinavian black metal bands believed that the “purity” of their ancient Norse culture had been diluted by the influence of Judeo-Christian religions. Many of these musicians publicly embraced religions like Asatru, which worships the old Norse gods that predated the arrival of Christianity in Scandinavia. They professed admiration for Viking resistance to Christianization and for the strength of Norse deities like Thor.

Some bands also called for purging metal of the influences of American rock. What they emphasized was shifting to a purely European musical form that expressed their reverence for their culture.

But beyond aggressive song lyrics, there were no links to violence until this period.

Ideas spread in Norway

In early 1990s, these ideas caught on with a small group of Norwegian musicians. These young men often gathered at Oslo’s record shop Helvete, meaning Hell, for conversation and music.

They were attracted to the ideas of self-reliance and personal strength found in the writings of 19th-century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.

More importantly, as scholar Kennet Granholm writes, they embraced the idea that strength and nonconformity thrived in Scandinavia’s pre-Christian past, which “provided legitimacy both by being outside the mainstream and part of a perceived ‘authentic native culture.’” They began to contrast “heathen” culture with what they called the weak outsider religion of Christianity.

To demonstrate their idea of religious irreverence, the black metal bands emerging from this scene painted their faces to look like corpses, wore spiked gauntlets and bandoliers, and sometimes performed with animals’ blood onstage.

Black metal’s violence

In the early 1990s, a small number of the musicians who regularly gathered at Helvete began plotting ways to demonstrate their desire to crush what they saw as weakness and impurity.

This took several forms, ranging from murder to grave desecration. One of these men, for example, murdered a homosexual man because the musician was revolted at being propositioned while walking in a park known to be a place where gay males met for sex.

Black metal’s opposition to Christianity also led to a series of church arsons. In various Norwegian cities in 1992, several black metal musicians burned eight separate churches, some many centuries old. Arsons continued in both Norway and Sweden through 1995.

Since this period of great violence and controversy, black metal continued to thrive in the form of multiple subgenres. It is important to note, however, that most black metal musicians and fans then and now criticized physical violence.

Racist ideology

In the mid- to late-1990s, however, some black metal bands expressed the belief that fierce racist and anti-immigrant positions were integral to their music. Borrowing from Nazi ideology, a small number of Norwegian musicians believed that people of European descent should return to Aryan racial identity. These ideas found a home with a small but virulent subset of U.S. black metal bands and fans.

In time, such views led to the emergence of a small subgenre of black metal: national socialist black metal, the variant of black metal that most explicitly espoused racial separatism and extreme violence. In countries like Australia, Poland, Greece and the United States, National Socialist Black Metal has maintained a steady, if highly marginal, existence.

While most people involved in black metal rejected these views explicitly, the genre’s sometime emphasis on ethnic and cultural purity was interpreted by extremists as having a racial implication.

Many of these ideas were also be embraced by the American Nazi Party of the mid-20th century, which in turn had drawn on Odinism, an explicitly racist brand of Norse paganism begun by a Norwegian Nazi sympathizer.

Fun and cathartic for most fans

To be clear, heavy metal in general is as inclusive and nonviolent as the majority of rock genres. Some of the more aggressive variants of metal have actually been linked by psychologists to joyful attitudes.

And today, most fans of black metal enjoy the music in conventional ways, finding it fun and cathartic. There are also variants of black metal that promote environmental consciousness and even Christianity.

Download freeware TTF Metal Fonts to generate your own Band Logo, Poster Title or T-shirt print. All author’s original Gothic and Death Metal Fonts are handdrawn, Industrial and Grunge Fonts are digitally created with Photoshop. Sharing Fonts on other web-sites is only allowed if link to modblackmoon.com is provided.

Blood Blocks – Bloody Death Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

Blocky bold outlined font with blood or paint drips and splatter. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. I’ll appreciate if you credit me as an author. Created: June 2015

Ancient Runes – Nordic Viking Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

Runic viking font design, made based on scandinavian ancient rune shapes, but totally legible. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. Credits are appreciated. Created: June 2015

Bad Behaviour – Scratched Grunge Metalcore Font

How to appreciate black metal

Highly detailed blocky font design with scratches, scribbles. This badass font have some urban grunge feel and it still remains very legible. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. I’ll appreciate if you credit me as an author. Created: August 2015

MB Gothic Spell – Modern Gothic Demonic Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

Demonic Font based on traditional Gothic capital letters with some Metal Band Logo infuences and extra ornaments. Handdrawn design. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Free for personal use, for commercial use credits are required. Created: April 2015

MB Evil Ghost – Gore Death Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

One more brutal, raw and evil Death Metal font with long spikes, suitable for Black Metal band designs. May be scaled to extra large size without quality loss. Incl. Extended Latin (English), Cyrillic letters and Numbers. Free for personal use, donationware for commercial use.Credits are appreciated. Created: November 2010

MB Thin Worms – Horror Black Metal Font with Spikes

How to appreciate black metal

Raw spiked and scratched Black Metal Font. Somehow legible letters with weathered edges that give this demonic feel. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Free for personal use, for commercial use credits are required. Created: March 2013

MB Think Twice – Grunge, Leaking Paint Metalcore Font

How to appreciate black metal

Medium Bold readable leaking Grunge Font with paint drips and splatters. Comes in 3 versions: Normal, Ghost and Bold. Incl. Extended Latin (English), Cyrillic letters and Numbers. Freeware. If you’ll credit me as an author i’d very much appreciate it. Created: September 2012

MB Element Brutalized – Death Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

Horror Metalhead font with sharp spikes, the second part of MB Element set, the angry version of it. Raw and well detailed works for Brutal Death Metal band designs. May be scaled to extra large size without quality loss. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. Credits are appreciated. Created: January 2012

RealGrinder – Raw Grindcore Death Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

Brutal Death Metal Font, rough cracked with spikes and branches. Jagged edges affect readability a lot, but still legible enough for Grindcore or even Black Metal band designs. Incl. Extended Latin (English), Cyrillic letters and Numbers. Free for personal use, donationware for commercial use. Credits are appreciated. Created: March 2011

MB Element Standard – Grunge Industrial Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

Raw simple blocky font style with torn edges for grunge and hi-tech design or Industrial Metal Band logo designs. Bold and well readable at small size. May be scaled to extra large size without quality loss. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. If you’ll credit me as an author i’d very much appreciate it. Created: January 2012

MB Demonic Tale – Ornate Roman Capitals Metal Band Font

How to appreciate black metal

Medium bold Roman Capitals Style Font with Gothic ornaments. Designed as ancient Devilish but still classic lettering. Incl. Extended Latin (English), Cyrillic letters and Numbers. Freeware. Credits are appreciated. Created: May 2012

MB Underground – Destroyed, Eroded, Grunge Metalcore Font

How to appreciate black metal

Eroded, decayed Industrial Font design. Totally readable but still very raw and cracked. Incl. Extended Latin (English), Cyrillic letters and Numbers. Freeware. Credits are appreciated. Created: May 2012

MB Forever Raw – Evil Death Metal Font

How to appreciate black metal

A conclusion of what i’ve done earlier with my Arcane, Gothic Dawn and Graveyard Designs fonts. Same Modern Gothic, evil design style fit for Black Metal or Death Metal band logo designs. Better spaced, better details, better quality overall. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. If you’ll credit me as an author i’d very much appreciate it. Created: March 2012

Last Words from Earth – Grunge Handwritten Metalcore Font

How to appreciate black metal

Scratched, dirty handwritten Font with grunge elements. I wanted to create some post-apocalyptic letter or note style. Incl. Extended Latin (English) letters and Numbers. Freeware. I’ll appreciate if you credit me as an author. Created: June 2015

” data-medium-file=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-racist.jpg?w=300″ data-large-file=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-racist.jpg?w=740″ src=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-racist.jpg?w=300&h=211″ alt=”Summoning, a racist black metal band.” width=”300″ height=”211″ srcset=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-racist.jpg?w=300&h=211 300w, https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-racist.jpg?w=600&h=422 600w, https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-racist.jpg?w=150&h=106 150w” sizes=”(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px” /> Summoning, a racist black metal band.

Yes, Summoning is a racist and white supremacist band.

Like many other bands such as Dark Funeral, Satyricon or Watain, the band Summoning tries to hide its racism and the racist views of its members under the guise of “freedom of speech”.

First of all, the band members.

The two members that compose the band Summoning are Protector and Silenius. They are both white males.

Protector also played in the crypto-racist band Pazuzu whereas Silenius played and still plays to this day in the openly NSBM black metal band Abigor (Höllenzwang is full of Nazi references and imagery).

Summoning, a neo-nazi NSBM band? You bet.

” data-medium-file=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-nazi.jpg?w=225″ data-large-file=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-nazi.jpg?w=740″ src=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-nazi.jpg?w=225&h=300″ alt=”Summoning, a neo-nazi NSBM band? You bet.” width=”225″ height=”300″ srcset=”https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-nazi.jpg?w=225&h=300 225w, https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-nazi.jpg?w=450&h=600 450w, https://antiblackmetal.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/summoning-nazi.jpg?w=113&h=150 113w” sizes=”(max-width: 225px) 100vw, 225px” /> Summoning, a neo-nazi NSBM band? You bet.

Summoning is also part of the so-called “Austrian Black Metal Syndicate”, along with the NS (white supremacist) band Pervertum, and a band literally called Golden Dawn (the vocalist is also part of the NSBM band Bluteszorn).

Next, the lyrical themes… as you probably know, Summoning talks a lot about Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings… like many other black metal bands such as the racist band Gorgoroth and the white supremacist and neo-nazi Burzum.

Notice a pattern yet?

The Lord of the Rings itself is an inherently racist fantasy universe, where People of Colour and Minorities are described as Orcs and shown as barbaric, primitive and ultimately deserving to be killed be the “heroic” white males… all this was noted elsewhere.

Appeals to an idealized past are also rampant among Summoning’s lyrical themes… the band members long for a return to medieval times where racist crusades and killing Minorities was commonplace.

If you listen to Summoning, you defend racism, fascism and neo-nazi ideologies.

Fuck racism, and fuck hate.

And fuck Summoning and the rest of the white supremacist NSBM movement.

This page is part of IGN’s Valheim Wiki guide and details everything you need to know about finding Copper, Iron, Tin, Silver, Obsidian, and Black Metal Scraps when exploring the different biomes of Valheim.

Looking for a specific metal? Click the following links to jump to.

Looking to mine and smelt a specific type of metal? Well, we have you covered in our complete guide to finding and mining every type of ore in Valheim below.

How to Find Copper Ore in Valheim

Found within the Black Forest biomes, you will find large moss covered rocks that feature copper colored inclusions all throughout the rock and in order to mine it, you will require an Antler Pickaxe or better.

You will know once you have found the correct type of rock, as it will read “Copper Deposit”. How to appreciate black metal

While mining the Copper ore, you will also receive Stone as the Copper ore is embedded within the large stone rock.

It is worth keeping in mind that Copper ore frequently runs very deep, so even though you may have thought you have mined all of the Copper within the rock, you will want to continue mining the entire rock area as it may be hidden further beneath the ground.

How to Smelt a Copper Bar

In order to smelt a Copper ingot, you will need x2 Coal and x1 Copper ore to smelt a single Copper bar. Upon smelting the Copper bar, you will be able to use it to craft the following items:

How to Find Iron in Valheim

Requiring either an Antler Pickaxe or Bronze Pickaxe in order to mine it, you will only find Iron ore within the Swamp biome.

Available through two different methods, you can firstly find Iron ore by searching the Swamp for hidden Muddy Scrap Piles. To find these piles you will need to have your Wishbone equipped – an item that is obtained by defeating the Bonemass boss.

As you explore the Swamp biome, use the Wishbone’s unique pulsing effect and watch as it becomes stronger and the pinging noise starts to sound more rapidly. This will eventually lead you to hidden Muddy Scrap Piles that can be mined just like any other resource.

Alternatively, you can find a more reliable and consistent method of locating Muddy Scrap Piles by exploring Sunken Crypts. How to appreciate black metalThese crypts are usually fairly easy to spot as they are normally surrounded by enemies and are heavily lit with bright green glowing torches and a large metal gate. How to appreciate black metalEntering a Sunken Crypt isn’t as easy as you might have hoped though, as they require a Swamp Key in order to unlock the door. A Swamp Key can only be obtained by defeating the second boss, The Elder.

Once you have opened the Sunken Crypt, enter the flooded dungeon and look for large Muddy Scrap Piles that can often be found blocking doorways.

If you’re still struggling to find Iron, it is also a somewhat rare drop from killing Oozer’s and from mining Meteor Craters.

How to Smelt an Iron Bar

In order to turn Scrap Iron into a more useable form, you will need to use them on a Smelter. To make an Iron bar you will require x2 Coal and x1 Iron to make an Iron bar.

How to Find Tin Ore in Valheim

Found within the Black Forest biome, Tin ore can be found when exploring the shorelines and riverbanks of the Black Forest for small rocks that feature a streak of black through them.

It is worth mentioning that you will need an Antler Pickaxe or better to mine Tin ore.

How to Smelt a Tin Bar

In order to smelt a Tin ingot, you will need x2 Coal and x1 Tin ore to smelt a bar of Tin. Once you have smelted the Tin ore into a Tin ingot, you will be able to craft the following items:

How to Find Silver Ore in Valheim

Found within the Mountains biome, Silver ore can be mined from deposits that are primarily hidden beneath the ground.

While it is very possible to find Silver veins on the surface of large mountain tops, the chances of this occurring is quite rare so we highly recommend acquiring the Wishbone, as it will allow for a much more reliable and consistent method for finding and mining Silver ore. How to appreciate black metal

Once you’re in the Mountain biome, equip the Wishbone and watch as the green particle effect begins pulse from your character. How to appreciate black metalAs the pulsing effect becomes stronger and the pinging noise starts to sound more rapidly, take out your pickaxe and start mining beneath the ground. If you are digging in the correct location, you should find Silver ore beneath the ground. How to appreciate black metalIf you’re still struggling, do keep in mind that some of the smaller Mountain biomes will not contain Silver veins, so definitely consider checking out some of the larger biomes for more luck!

How to Find Black Metal Scraps in Valheim

Unlike other metals, Black Metal Scraps can not be mined from a natural source like Iron, Tin, and Copper, as they can only be obtained as a drop from Fulings.

Fulings are best described as a small goblin-like creature and can be found within the Plains biome. You will also find them in the Meadows and Black Forest biomes at night once you have defeated Yagluth.

How to Smelt Black Metal Scraps

In order to smelt the Black Metal Scrap, you will require x2 Coal per Black Metal Scrap piece. Once you have smelted the Black Metal Scrap into a Black Metal ingot, you will be able to craft the following items:

How to Find Obsidian in Valheim

Located within the Mountain biome, you will find Obsidian when mining the black colored rocks that can be found along the top of the mountain biomes. These rocks are often out in the open and are not buried beneath the surface. How to appreciate black metalPlease keep in mind that you will require an Iron Pickaxe in order to mine Obsidian. Obsidian can be be used to craft the following items: