How to breed english bulldogs

Bulldogs usually (90%) of the time require a c-section for delivery of the puppies and artificial insemination to breed.

The cost to a breeder for a litter can run between $2000-$4000 dollars (not counting their time).

Litter size average is 4.

Do dogs cost a lot of money?

According to this report, the total first-year cost of owning a dog is $1,270 and for a cat it’s $1,070.

As you can see, having a pet can cost you over $1,000 in the first year, and well over $500 each additional year.

Depending on the food you buy and sudden medical expenses, the costs could be much higher.

Can a diabetic dog drink too much water?

If your dog is drinking excessively (polydipsia) it is possibly because he is losing excess amounts of water for any of a number of reasons.

While a number of diseases result in excess water intake and urine output, the most common of these diseases include kidney failure, diabetes mellitus and Cushing’s disease.

Does a dog lick you to show affection?

Dogs also lick because they like the taste of an owner’s salty skin and out of habit.

Mostly, with domestic Dogs, it’s a sign of affection.

Licking releases pleasurable endorphins which gives Dogs a feeling of comfort and pleasure — like the feeling people get when they are biting their nails — it relieves stress.

How much am i supposed to feed my dog?

What are Dog Feeding Charts?

Adult Dog Size (lbs) Dry Food Feeding Amount (Cups)
26 to 50 2 to 2-2/3
51 to 75 2-2/3 to 3-1/3
76 to 100 3-1/3 to 4-1/4
100+ 4-1/4 plus 1/4 cup for each 10 lbs of body weight over 100 lbs

How much a puppy should eat?

By around eight weeks of age your puppy should be eating solid food.

Puppies should be fed three to four times a day therefore if you are currently feeding ¾ a cup of puppy food twice a day you should consider spacing it out by feeding ½ cup three times a day.

How much do groomers charge to cut dog’s nails?

Dog groomers typically charge extra for additional services such as teeth cleaning, flea treatments and nail clipping.

On average, expect to pay between $30 and $90 for standard grooming, depending on the size of your pet and its amount of fur.

What does it mean when dogs growl at each other?

It’s very common for dog owners to punish their dogs for growling.

Unfortunately, this often suppresses the growl—eliminating his ability to warn us that he’s about to snap, literally and figuratively.

On other occasions, punishing a growling, uncomfortable dog can induce him to escalate into full-on aggression.

Typically low-endurance dogs, English bulldogs have a sweet disposition, are predictable, dependable and excellent with children and need only moderate exercise.

How to breed english bulldogs

The wrinkles on the English bulldog’s face should be wiped regularly to prevent skin infections.

Weight Range:

Male: 54 lbs.
Female: 50 lbs.

Height at Withers:


Thick neck, brachycephalic (short face), heavy wrinkles


Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
Energy Level: Laid back
Longevity Range: 8-10 yrs.
Tendency to Drool: High Tendency to Snore: High
Tendency to Bark: Low
Tendency to Dig: Low Social/Attention Needs: Moderate

Length: Short
Characteristics: Straight
Colors: Brindle (subtle “tiger stripe” effect), piebald, solid red, fawn or white
Overall Grooming Needs: Low

Club Recognition:

AKC Classification: Non-Sporting
UKC Classification: Companion Dog
Prevalence: Common

The English bulldog is a brawny little powerhouse whose characteristic crablike waddle exudes great strength, stability and vigor.

The dog’s head is large and spherical, and the muzzle is extremely short, giving the face a flattened appearance. The English bulldog’s eyes are dark and set low and wide on the forehead in the frontal plane. The nose is black and slightly upturned. The jaws (or “chops”) are massive, broad and undershot. The lower jaw juts out in front of the upper jaw to scarcely expose the lower incisors, producing a comical grin. The lips are fleshy and pendulous. The cheeks are well rounded and protrude sideways. The ears are thin, small and angle forward like flaps that frame the forehead.

The English bulldog’s neck is short and thick; the shoulders are massive, muscular and broad. The chest is deep and full, and the back is barreled and slightly arched. His rounded hips protrude slightly above the level of the back. The stubby tail is thick and either straight or screwed. His short, stocky legs have great muscle definition. They are splayed out and slightly bowed at the elbows and hocks to form a sturdy, base-wide stance.

The English bulldog stands about 16 inches tall. The female weighs about 50 pounds (23 kilograms), and the male weighs about 54 pounds (24 kilograms).

The English bulldog’s skin is loose and pendant with heavy wrinkles and thick folds on the face and a dewlap hanging from the throat. The coat is short and fine textured. The various color patterns are brindle, piebald, and solid white, red, fawn or fallow.


The English bulldog has a sweet, gentle disposition. Dependable and predictable, the bulldog is a wonderful family pet and loving to most children. People-oriented as a breed, they actively solicit human attention.

However, they have retained the courage that was originally bred into them for bull baiting, so they make fine watchdogs. Although they generally get along well with other family pets, English bulldogs can be aggressive to unfamiliar dogs.

Living With:

English bulldogs make fine apartment pets and do not require a yard. Typically low-endurance dogs, they need only a moderate amount of exercise. They thrive best in temperate climates; they readily overheat and have breathing difficulties in hot weather, and they chill easily in cold temperatures.

Generally loud breathers, English bulldogs tend to snore and wheeze. Many drool as well. They are moderate shedders and their short coats require little grooming. However, the wrinkles on the face should be wiped regularly to prevent skin infections.


Named for its use in the sport of bull baiting, the English bulldog seems to have originated in the British Isles sometime prior to the 13th century. One of the few references to the sport dates back to 1209, and talks about a butcher’s dogs that chased a bull through the English town of Stamford. This pursuit so pleased the earl of the town that he inaugurated bull baiting as a sport in his domain.

Today, the English bulldog makes a fine family pet. The AKC recognizes the breed simply as the bulldog.

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How to breed english bulldogs

How to Breed Your English Bulldog

Posted by Minda on Jan 5th 2019

Part 1- Chose a Suitable Mate

Understand the responsibility of breeding. If you do not have a long-term commitment to the breed of dog you are working with, just stop now. The health and safety of the female and her puppies should be your concern here. You should be an expert in the breed before you begin. What we see is a lot of people jumping in thinking its super easy to do. The pricing on breeding English Bulldog Puppies and French Bulldog Puppies are high for a reason. It takes time and money and most important patience. Bulldogs are a unique breed and there are too many backyard breeders in North Texas, Dallas and all over the US. The sad part is most forums where these types of breeders post their girls and puppies don’t allow negative feedback and they are only looking to line their pockets with cash. In the end, this is not good for the breed itself and causes fluxuations in the market that otherwise wouldn’t exist.

Test your Bulldog before you breed. Here at Ballpark Bulldogs, this one seems like a no brainer, but you would be surprised. ALL responsible breeders will spend the money to test for genetic diseases in their bulldogs. If they can’t show you the paperwork, just walk away. If a DR couldn’t show you a certificate about his training to become a DR, you wouldn’t use that DR. Bulldogs have breathing issues due to them having flat faces, large tongues, and small windpipes. If either of the mating pair of bulldogs has had to have surgery in order to open up their nostrils, trim back parts of their soft palates, or remove their tonsils, do not breed them. Their genetics will be passed onto the puppies and will perpetuate these distressing problems. This could have been stopped if you had tested from the get-go.

What is the female’s temperament? Science has proven that the mother’s character is passed down to her offspring. If the mom is aggressive or nervous or any other non-ideal characteristics, you probably shouldn’t breed her. Look for more ideal behavior patterns. Calm, gentle, non-aggressive, compassionate bulldogs are ideal. This will also help be a better mother as well.

Check the Bulldog for mites. As with any breed, keep your puppy clean. Make sure their skin is healthy and has no parasites. If your female has demodex, the stress of pregnancy could make this worse. Then, the demodex mites are passed down to the puppies. So, in addition to health issues, that would make selling puppies extremely difficult if their coats don’t look good in pictures. You can also get these mites on your hands when washing or handling them.

Take your Bulldog for a Checkup at the Vet – Before you are about to breed, go and get a checkup. Make sure she is up to date on shots and worming and working. They usually can’t take these once pregnant. Make sure both mom and dad have been tested for STDs and brucellosis. Both of these have the potential to cause a spontaneous abortion or kill them once born.

Don’t Breed before the second cycle. This one is simple so just don’t do it. It can kill your Bulldog and all science suggests they are not fully grown. She will go into heat in 6 months. Just wait.

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 1: Introduction

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 2: Should you breed?

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 3: Choosing A Mate

Assuming you are the owner of the dam and you are looking for stud services, you should be interviewing prospects long before it is time to do the actual breeding.

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 4: Artificial Insemination

English Bulldogs require artificial insemination to breed them safely. You should never attempt to have a bulldog breed naturally. It is dangerous for both male and female bulldogs, and I will explain more about this subject in Chapter 6: Can Bulldogs Breed Naturally?

The dam’s heat cycle lasts about 3 weeks on average, but can be shorter or longer depending on the dog. The first week she may .

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 5: Are You Expecting?

Is my bulldog pregnant? The wait is long and tedious to find out the answer to this question.

So you have successfully achieved artificial insemination, and .

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 6: Can Bulldogs Breed Naturally?

Yes Bulldogs can breed naturally, however it is a very dangerous practice. One of the main reasons is due to the fact that English Bulldogs overheat easily. If you have ever been around or seen a breeding take place between .

English Bulldog Breeding – Chapter 7: Choosing the Right Veterinarian

I really wish that my mentors would have told me more about choosing the right veterinarian. Please read my story below so you can interview your vet properly to see if they are properly trained in giving the correct amount of anesthesia during a c-section. As you read my story below, you will understand more why I have composed this particular list of questions for you to use when you interview vets for the c-section procedure.

Remember, your mamma, or dam, as well as her pups, are .

Search All dogs


You know a classic English bulldog when you see one. He is characteristically big-boned, goofy, and full of love. Although they were originally bred as fighting dogs—and later became a worldwide symbol for toughness and tenacity—the bulldog evolved into a gentle, family oriented dog who just wants to watch the world go by from the comfort of his bed.

You’re also likely to see this handsome breed on TV, patrolling the sideline at a college football or basketball games, or in the movies, famously trying to keep an inflated Aunt Marge from floating away. It’s no wonder you find them everywhere, the bulldog is the fifth-most popular breed in America.


English bulldogs (also known as British bulldogs) are probably the first thing that comes to mind when anyone says “bulldog.” They are a 40–50 pound mid-sized dog with sturdy, short limbs and a wide blocky body. They’re beefy boys and girls. A staple trait is their huge underbite, and sometimes the pups will “hang a fang.”

They’re also known for their overhanging skin, a nose rope, and wrinkled face. English bulldogs sit low to the ground and have wide shoulders, two characteristics that behooved them in their dog fighting history. The American Kennel Club (AKC) lists four colors in their breed standard: red, white, fawn, and fallow. They can be any combination of these with additional brindling, ticking, or black masks. Their eyes should always be dark brown or black.

You won’t confuse an English bulldog for the other members of the bulldog family. The French bulldog is smaller and has tall bat ears. The American bulldog is an athletic all-purpose working dog with longer legs and a leaner body made to guard, hunt, or farm. The Olde English Bulldogge, a larger, more muscular mix of English bulldogs, pit bull terriers, American bulldogs and bullmastiffs, is the least common bulldog.


A bulldog’s temperament is far more friendly and goofy than he may look. Although they’re intimidating physically, bulldogs are actually extremely family and kid friendly. “As far as temperament, they are delightfully sweet if socialized early, otherwise they will become territorial and unmanageable with other dogs and animals,” Sarah Hodges, author, trainer and applied behaviorist with the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants, says. “While generally compliant with people they can also become defensive with strangers if not positively socialized to the general comings and goings of everyday life.”

Bulldog puppies must get plenty of exposure to kids, people, and animals to get that characteristic laid-back attitude. The more positive interactions they have with new situations, the better off they’ll be. The bulldog is rarely aggressive. In fact, he’s almost dopey. He doesn’t always understand what you’re saying, but he’s kind and earnest in his ways.

Living Needs

Bulldogs are a relaxed breed that prefers to be indoors. Their low energy level means they can thrive as apartment dwellers. They certainly don’t need a huge yard to run and romp, as they’ll get tired after 10 minutes of playing and need a snooze. The bulldog absolutely loves children and will put up with all the noise, yanking and tugging that come with them. They’ll never show anger; they’ll just walk away if they feel bothered.

This breed doesn’t bark a ton, but they make great watch dogs that can frighten someone off with their appearance alone. They are also known for having courage, and will protect their loved ones no matter what. Bulldogs prefer a slow life lounging on the couch or squeezing onto your lap (yes, even at 50 pounds). They are a brachycephalic breed, meaning they have a wide skull and a flat face that can make exercise tough. Their heavy heads and chest make them poor swimmers and they should be watched closely around water to avoid drowning.

A bulldog’s coat is very fine and short, so they only require brushing once a week. The more you brush, the less hair you’ll find on your furniture and clothing. More important than brushing is keeping his face clean and dry—with so many wrinkles, they can get irritated or infected if not cared for properly. Trim his nails once a month or so, until you can’t hear him click-clacking on the floor. Weekly or daily teeth brushing will prevent future vet visits down the line.

While the bulldog doesn’t care much for exercise, he still needs it to maintain a healthy weight, as he is prone to weight gain. A daily walk around the neighborhood (during the cooler hours) will wear him out, as will a quick play session. He would much rather be cuddling with his child companions or taking a nap in the AC. Consult your vet about the right food for your bulldog, and monitor that food intake to prevent weight gain. Bulldogs are better off with two measured meals a day rather than leaving the bowl out all the time. If nobody stopped them, they’d keep eating.

Because they can be lazy, bulldog owners need to have focus and patience with their puppy. “The best training for a bulldog is positive encouragement, and engagement when they have the energy and interest in it,” Hodges says. “With bulldogs, nothing should ever be forced, repetitive, or heavy handed, lest they become, well, bullish.” Keep training sessions short to ensure you have their full attention, and they’ll be able to retain information better. Once he learns something, he will remember it, especially if treats are involved.


As sweet as they are, bulldogs have a tough time when it comes to their health. That short, bullish stature can give way to joint or respiratory difficulties. “Roly-poly as puppies, they grow into mature adults who may have trouble navigating their world as other dogs do,” Hodges says. “With short legs and a barrel heavy stature, they’re prone to weight gain and chronic joint pain…Osteoarthritis and degenerative joint disease.” The Bulldog Club of America recommends that all bulldogs get a cardiac exam, a patella evaluation, and an evaluation for tracheal hypoplasia.

The brachycephalic bulldog can get overheated quickly, so he shouldn’t be left in enclosed warm spaces and must be monitored outdoors. Always have plenty of water, shade, and access to AC for your bulldog to reduce the likelihood of heat stroke.


The modern day bulldog is quite the turnaround from his ancestors. In the 13th century in England, bulldogs were used for the sport of “bull baiting,” the AKC writes. Before we had professional sports, spectators would gather and bet money on this inhumane practice. One or multiple bulldogs would attempt to pin a bull to the ground using their powerful bite. These early bulldogs were slightly taller and more muscular than today’s English bulldog, and only the most aggressive were bred. The AKC writes that the bulldog’s tenacious character stems from their history in the ring, because they developed a high pain tolerance and kept fighting until the last second.

It wasn’t until 1835 that bull baiting was outlawed in England, and bulldogs faced extinction without that purpose. Many people admired the strength, determination, and appearance of the breed, and didn’t want to see them die out. Luckily, there were breeders who dedicated their lives to re-engineering the bulldog. They used only the even tempered dogs to reproduce, until only the docile were left. In 1886, the English bulldog was recognized by the AKC.

The dog that originated in England has come to symbolize their people. The dog was personified in wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who’s credited with steadfastly leading Britain during World War II. And, well, he looked like a bulldog, too. Today, the bulldog is known as one of the most gentle, kid-friendly dogs in the world.

You first need to ask yourself why you want an English bulldog…….

If you are looking for a dog that can walk miles, then the bulldog isn’t the breed for you. If you’re looking for a dog that needs no walking at all, then again the bulldog isn’t the breed for you. It is true that some English bulldogs flat out refuse to go for a walk; they will lock their legs and tighten their shoulders so you can’t budge them, but the majority of English bulldogs will require a daily walk of between 20-30 minutes once or twice a day and there are some bulldogs you can’t walk far enough.

If you are looking for an English bulldog specifically because you are at work all day and have heard the rumor that English bulldogs are couch potatoes – it’s worth remembering that a bored English bulldog will chew. This is a breed that thrives on human company and all bulldogs are very good at working out what brings them attention. Like toddlers, English bulldogs will do something that gets them into trouble if they have decided your attention is being given elsewhere, usually chewing the chair legs, coffee table, cabinet knobs, or other wooden objects around the home. The bulldog probably isn’t the right breed for you if you work long hours. If you work full time wait until your hours are reduced before taking on a bulldog.

If you don’t yet have children, don’t buy an English bulldog as a baby substitute, you’ll be surprised how many end up in bulldog rescue because a real baby came along.

You may have decided on a bulldog because they are low maintenance…..Well – you know those cute little wrinkles? Those wrinkles need cleaning every day and remember – he can’t reach his own backside…..Guess who gets the job of keeping that clean? That’s right and you will want to make sure you keep plenty of baby wipes on hand for the job.

Finally, many choose the bulldog because of its reputation for being good with children and in general the bulldog gets along very well with children. But remember English bulldogs also have a reputation for their Sherman tank like mentality – getting from point ‘a’ to point ‘b’ is the same route…..Even when a 2 year old is sitting right in the middle of the path.

Still want a bulldog? Then it is important to find a reputable English Bulldog breeder. If you decide that a bulldog is the right breed for you then it is crucial that you research English bulldog breeders carefully before purchasing your English bulldog puppy. Anyone can put two bulldogs together, offer bulldog puppies for sale, and can call themselves bulldog breeders but that doesn’t make them reputable or responsible English bulldog breeders. Buying an English bulldog puppy is an important and long term commitment so you want to choose bulldog breeders that have the best interest of the dog, the bulldog breed, and you in mind.

Here are a few things to keep in mind:

    Reputable Bulldog Breeders will expect to learn all they can about you before they offer an English bulldog for sale. They will screen the buyer to ensure that the bulldog puppy they have worked so hard to breed and raise goes to a home that is going to love and care for the bulldog puppy as much as they would. They’ll make sure that the buyer is aware of both the positive and negative attributes of the bulldog breed. They will ask you a lot of questions about your lifestyle, family, former dog ownership or previous experience with dogs and other pets. They want to know the reason why you want a dog, why you want an English bulldog in particular, and how much you know about the English bulldog breed. In short, they make you feel they are cautious about whom they are selling their bulldog puppies to rather than pressuring you into buying. They never sell to impulse buyers.

English Bulldog temperament, personality, training, behavior, pros and cons, advice, and information, by Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Behavioral Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books

How to breed english bulldogs

Most breed clubs call this breed simply Bulldog. But he is also referred to as English Bulldog or British Bulldog to distinguish him from other bulldog-type breeds such as the French Bulldog or American Bulldog.

The AKC Standard says the disposition of the English Bulldog should be “equable and kind, resolute and courageous. demeanor should be pacific and dignified.”

In other words, the English Bulldog is one of the most amiable of all breeds. Despite his gloomy mug.

Bulldog puppies are frisky, but adults are quiet and rather phlegmatic, spending much of the day snoring on the sofa. But they definitely need some exercise to stay fit, preferably walks in cool weather.

Some English Bulldogs are friendly with strangers, while others are politely reserved.

Though not a barking watchdog, his blocky build and his rolling, shuffling gait give intruders pause. It takes a tremendous amount of serious teasing or threatening to provoke this sweet-natured breed, but once aroused, he can be a force to reckon with.

His tenacity and resolve mean that it’s difficult to change his mind once he decides to do something.

Usually peaceful with other pets, some male Bulldogs may engage in a battle of wills (or jaws) with other males.

Though stubborn, the English Bulldog is surprisingly sensitive, remembers what he learns, and responds well to patient, persistent training.

If you want a dog who.

  • Is moderately-sized – built low to the ground but very heavy
  • Has a short easy-care coat that comes in many colors
  • Is easygoing and dependable with most of the world
  • Doesn’t need much exercise and spends much of the day snoring on the sofa
  • Seldom barks

An English Bulldog may be right for you.

If you don’t want to deal with.

  • Tenacious stubbornness if he decides he really, really doesn’t want to do something
  • Serious food possessiveness – Bulldogs should not be fed around small children or other pets
  • Shedding
  • Snorting, snuffling, wheezing, grunting, loud snoring
  • Slobbering and drooling
  • Gassiness (flatulence)
  • A multitude of health problems, a short lifespan, and sky-high vet bills
  • High cost ($1000 and up)

An English Bulldog may not be right for you.

Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding. Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training.

  • You can avoid some negative traits by choosing an ADULT dog from an animal shelter or rescue group. With an adult dog, you can easily see what you’re getting, and plenty of adult Bulldogs have already proven themselves not to have negative characteristics.
  • If you want a puppy, you can avoid some negative traits by choosing the right breeder and the right puppy. Unfortunately, you usually can’t tell whether a puppy has inherited temperament or health problems until he grows up.
  • Finally, you can avoid some negative traits by training your English Bulldog to respect you and by following the 11-step care program in my book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy.

More traits and characteristics of the English Bulldog

If I was considering an English Bulldog, I would be most concerned about.

    Stubbornness. Despite their sweetness, most English Bulldogs are very stubborn. You must show them, through absolute consistency, that you mean what you say. On the plus side, once Bulldogs mature, they seldom get into real trouble.

To teach your Bulldog to listen to you, see English Bulldog Training.

Possible animal aggression. Most Bulldogs get along very well with other pets in the family. However, some Bulldogs may act aggressively toward other dogs of the same sex. And some Bulldogs do not get along with cats.

Be aware that English Bulldogs can be very possessive of their food bowl. Don’t feed an English Bulldog in the presence of other animals. Children should also be kept away, just to be safe.

  • Shedding. Bulldogs shed more than you might think! Their short, coarse hairs stick tenaciously to your clothing and furnishings.
  • Bulldog sounds. Though they don’t bark much, English Bulldogs are far from silent. Because of their deformed face, they go through life snorting, snuffling, wheezing, grunting, and snoring loudly. Some people find these sounds nerve-wracking; others find them endearing. I’m sure if it was up to the dog to choose, he would prefer to breathe normally.
  • Slobbering. Most people are not prepared for how much English Bulldogs slobber and drool, especially after eating or drinking.

  • Gassiness (flatulence). All short-faced breeds gulp air when they eat, and that air has to go somewhere, after all. However, commercial diets make flatulence worse by including fibrous or hard-to-digest ingredients. Bulldogs who are fed a homemade diet of real meat and vegetables have much less trouble with gassiness.
  • High cost. English Bulldog breeders charge over $1000 for their dogs, often over $1500. They explain that this is to cover their costs of artificial insemination (because most Bulldogs are too deformed to be able to mate without assistance) and C-sections (because the puppies’ heads are too over-sized to be born normally). But that’s just the beginning of your money outlay, because typically you’ll be spending a great deal of money on veterinary care for this breed.
  • Serious health problems. It’s been said that if you feel like supporting your vet with great chunks of money, get an English Bulldog. They suffer from hip problems, heart problems, and skin problems. Their respiratory system is compromised, so it’s even risky to anesthetize them for dental cleanings. In hot weather they should be kept in an air-conditioned environment and supervised during outside activity so they don’t over-exert themselves and become overheated.

    Honestly? I don’t recommend buying an English Bulldog puppy, as that only encourages people to keep breeding unhealthy puppies. If you really want this breed, please consider adopting an adult Bulldog who desperately needs a home. Provide the best life you can for him, managing his health problems as they occur. You can ward off some health issues by following the advice on my Bulldog Health Page.

    About the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs.

    To help you train and care for your dog

    How to breed english bulldogs Dog training videos. Sometimes it’s easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action.

    The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership.

    How to breed english bulldogs

    Bulldogs are sweet, loyal companion dogs that make it impossible not to fall in love with them. (Just ask Chrissy Teigen.) If you’re in the market for one of these endearingly thick sweethearts, read on for all the info you need to know before adding one to your family.

    Types of Bulldogs
    Bulldogs are members of the bull breed family. Full disclosure, we talk about English Bulldogs here. French bulldogs are a different story. Frenchies are pointy-eared, tiny versions of their English relatives, originally bred in the 1800s by mating said relatives with (the now-extinct) toy bulldogs. American bulldogs and boxers fall into this bull breed category, too, but are also very different animals.

    Breed History
    English bulldogs are non-sporting canines. According to the Bulldog Club of America, the bulldog’s history is, well, cringe-worthy. They were originally bred for bull-baiting, a horrible practice in medieval Europe that involved forcing the dogs to taunt and bite bulls. No, thank you! After someone smart was like, “Let’s outlaw this!” in 1835, a group of kind-hearted dog lovers got together to save bulldogs from succumbing to the vicious behaviors humans had designed them to display. Today, bulldogs have been bred to be kinder, gentler and generally more playful pups—yet physically they still resemble their rough ancestors and, occasionally, some of their ancient nasty behavior seeps out.

    A few of those nasty behaviors include stubbornness and aggression. Bulldogs can be super territorial of their food, so weaning them off this tendency early is key (see Training below). For the most part, bulldogs are known for their loyalty, friendliness and chill factor. They can spend all day snoozing on a chaise, but don’t worry, they also love to play. Tug-of-war is to bulldogs what tennis is to Serena. They also chew like it’s their job, so move any shoes you don’t want annihilated out of reach.

    Adult bulldogs reach 14 to 15 inches tall and can weigh up to 40 to 50 pounds. Females are generally smaller than males by about 10 pounds.

    Due to their specialized breeding history, bulldogs are muscular and dense. They are also a dysplastic breed, which means their hip sockets are shallower than those of most dogs. Because of this, a bulldog’s femur only fits loosely into its hip socket, causing their idiosyncratic waddling gait and potential bone and joint issues. Some have straight tails while others have little curlicues.

    Notable Features
    English bulldogs have short, glossy coats that come in a variety of colors. They’ve got small, floppy ears, furrowed brows and loose skin hanging all over their jowls. Then there’s that signature bulldog snout. They’ve got cute little noses smushed right up into their faces.

    Life Expectancy
    English Bulldogs typically live only eight to ten years.

    Because bulldogs can be stubborn, training early is critical. You’ve got to be firm and consistent, otherwise nothing will stick. Bulldogs are eager to please, says the American Kennel Club, but you do need to show ’em who’s boss. Oddly enough, it’s important to train your bulldog to eat ice cubes as a puppy. Since bulldogs can develop breathing issues and overheat easily (see Health Issues below), getting them used to ingesting ice is smart, in case you’ve got to cool them down quickly later in life.

    Companion Level
    Bulldogs are wonderful companions and great with kids. Their sturdy build and calm demeanor make them troopers when it comes to strong kid grips and rough petting. Plus, they are loyal lovers and enjoy company. However, make sure they are trained not to bite people early on. If a child startles them, they could snip. When it comes to other pets, bulldogs are more often than not on board and ready to mingle. They tend to be more aggressive when it comes to same-gender doggie playmates, so two males in one household could cause issues.

    As with most dogs, bulldogs run the risk of becoming overweight, so feeding them enough to maintain their thick build without overdoing it is key. It’s also worth mentioning they drool excessively, especially after mealtime. So…look out for that.

    Purebred English bulldogs cost anywhere from $1,000 to $4,000, depending on the breeder. First and always, make sure the breeder follows the BCA’s Breeder Code of Ethics and practices healthy, humane breeding. The reason bulldogs are so expensive is the mating and birth processes are highly complicated (aka all bulldog babies are the products of artificial insemination and C-sections). Of course, you can always adopt a bulldog from a shelter!

    Bulldogs are big shedders. Brushing them at least once a week (preferably three times) is encouraged. And beware: The skin on their faces piles up into folds, which can cause skin ailments when dirt or moisture gets caught in the wrinkles. Be sure to watch for itchy, red skin and clean between these folds often.

    Activity Level
    Bulldogs can pack on the pounds easily (join the club) so regular exercise is necessary. A brisk walk or rambunctious tug-of-war is great. Just watch out for heat, water and stairs. High temperatures don’t mix well with their short snouts, so overheating is a danger. And while they can swim, deep water easily gets into their noses increasing the likelihood of drowning. Finally, going down stairs is tricky for their shoulder-heavy bodies. Don’t let them tumble!

    Noise Level
    Bulldogs aren’t really barkers, but they do snort, sneeze, snore and slobber a ton.

    Health Issues
    Bulldogs definitely have their fair share of potential health issues. The BCA and Michele Welton, a vet technician and dog breed advisor, highly recommend finding a vet with lots of bulldog experience so they’re ready to tackle your pup’s unique needs. (For example, bulldogs don’t handle anesthesia as well as most other breeds, so working with a vet well-versed in bulldog anatomy is best.) The biggest health issues bulldogs face are respiratory- and mobility-related. Due to a pesky disorder called brachycephalic syndrome, caused by their short snouts, breathing can be difficult and may require surgery if your bulldog also suffers from narrow nostrils, an elongated soft palate or a narrow windpipe. Bulldogs also experience more hip dysplasia than any other breed. Roughly 72 percent of bulldogs experience joint or bone problems due to bad hips in their lifetime. Some bulldogs develop eye ailments like extra eyelashes, flipped lids or irritated corneas.

    Weird Facts
    Bulldogs have notoriously bad gas. You’ve been warned.