How to do epoxy flooring

Among all the Floor Coating Services, Epoxy 3D Floor is gaining increasing popularity. Epoxy 3D floor has been used more and more in shopping malls, halls, offices, homes and apartments due to its creativity and high performance. This is the latest fad in the fancy floor world.

Epoxy 3D floor installation process involves laying down a layer of self-leveling primer followed by the desired image. This is then treated with a transparent two-component epoxy or polyurethane to give the perfect image depth. A level of protective varnish is the final step.

Not like a sticker or painted vinyl that is directly under your feet, the installed epoxy 3D floor gives the perception of depth and is impervious to all sorts of damage that would usually affect floor decorations.

Here is the complete guide 2018 to everything you need to know about epoxy 3D floor:

How to do epoxy flooring

1. Epoxy 3D Floor – Pros and Cons

Like any other flooring, epoxy 3D floors have both advantages and disadvantages. The positive characteristics of epoxy 3D floors are:

  • Visual effect – The most significant advantage of epoxy 3D floor is the stunning visual effect. In addition to the gorgeous appearance, it can visually solve many problems of the room interior because of the unique aesthetic qualities. By choosing the right 3D floor design, color and pattern, with the help of self-leveling epoxy coatings you can even visually increase the room space. It can help to implement the infinite imagination of the designer and attracts the eyes endlessly.
  • High strength – Epoxy is virtually impervious, and highly resistant to acids, chlorine and other materials such as bleaches and daily cleaners. For the very same reason, the floors are considered good for industrial sectors as well as for home. when properly installed, epoxy 3D floor can serve at least 15 years of age, without changing its color.
  • Easy maintenance – Epoxy 3D floor has no seams, joints, cracks, pores and gaps make the 3D flooring is absolutely immune to any kind of dirt, dust, water and chemicals.
  • Safe and hygiene friendly – Epoxy 3D floor does not accumulate dust and do not create a favorable environment for a variety of pathogens / bacteria. Epoxy floor materials used have no odor and corrosive fumes, and are safe for human health, which is mandatory and confirmed by the manufacturer certificates. It is important also that epoxy materials are very resistant to high temperatures such as in the event of fire.
  • Fire resistance – Epoxy / polymers do not burn, it is one of the reasons that the coating used in manufacturing, warehouses, hospitals, child care centers and other places where increased control of fire safety are needed.

The Drawbacks of epoxy 3D floor

  • Hard to install and take time to cure – professional contractor and equipment are usually needed to properly install epoxy 3D floor. It takes 3 to 5 days, sometimes even longer to be fully cured.
  • High cost –not enough professionals are available in the market, and demand for fashion spectacular floors are high. Popularity increases the cost, the materials themselves are not cheap either.
  • Cold floor – epoxy 3D floor is as cold as tiles or concrete, so you should consider where best to use them.

How to do epoxy flooring

What is Epoxy?

High performance epoxy floor coatings were originally developed in the 1960’s for the commercial and industrial markets. Typical decorative systems involved using acrylic flake (DecoFlake) or quartz aggregates (DecoQuartz) as the decorative medium that was broadcast into a thick layer of commercial-grade epoxy. This double-broadcast/double-topcoat system delivered a 1/8th inch thick seamless composite system that would outperform other flooring alternatives. Industry specifications governed floor prep, coverage rates, and other quality measures that assured consistent and quality floor systems.

Today’s Epoxy Flooring Options:

In other words, the residential epoxy flooring of yesteryear used commercial-grade products and specifications. However, over the years the creation of cheaper, lower-quality products and a lack of proper installation techniques has resulted in subpar coating systems that will only last a fraction of the time compared to original systems of decades past. With all of these variables to consider, one can expect their epoxy flooring to last anywhere from 1-2 years, 3-5 years, or even 15+ years. To understand which timeframe would apply to you, let’s first look at what you need to know before purchasing a decorative epoxy and urethane flooring system.

  1. 1. Proper Floor Prep – Industry professionals agree this is one of the most critical steps. The most common methods used are acid etching, diamond grinding, and shot blasting. Only diamond grinding and shot blasting are industry approved for proper adhesion to concrete surfaces.
  2. 2. Product Selection & Installation – When using quartz or flake as the decorative medium, a sufficient amount of base coat material must be applied in order to properly lock the loose decorative medium into the bed of liquids. To insure proper surface protection and system longevity, a two top coat system should be a minimum requirement to provide a 15+ year system. The topcoat material should be stain resistant, UV resistant, and abrasion resistant.
  3. 3. System Performance – Cheapening the products and cutting out time-tested installation processes to reduce cost will significantly affect the performance and cut short the life expectancy of the system. The system components must be able to meet industry specifications that have been proven to hold up in the environment it was designed for.

Three Main Epoxy Floor Options Available:

  1. 1. Do-It Yourself: The cheapest available option today for homeowners is to buy a do-it yourself kit and install it themselves. These kits that are readily available at big box hardware stores use lower quality products, typically water-based epoxies. The floor prep method varies from simply cleaning the concrete or acid etching. Neither of these methods allow for proper adhesion to the concrete resulting in premature flooring failures. Homeowners typically don’t have the proper tools, expertise, or experience to properly install these types of systems, so mistakes are made or critical steps are missed, causing premature floor failure. Typically, the life expectance of do-it yourself 1-2 years.
  2. 2. Professionally Installed Low Performance System: The next cheapest option is a low-performance coating system installed by a low-cost installer. Floor prep methods for this segment can vary from less effective methods like acid etching or sanding to more effective like diamond grinding or shot blasting. The coatings used have poor UV, stain, chemical, and/or abrasion resistance. Often times we see corners cut like coatings applied thinner than they should, poor concrete prep, and shoddy workmanship to keep labor costs down because of the low prices charged. Life expectancy of these floors is usually in the 3 to5-year range.
  3. 3. High Performance Systems: These systems have a higher initial cost and are usually installed by full-time coating installers with the proper training, expertise, and equipment. These professional coating installers use the industry standard concrete prep methods of diamond grinding and shot blasting to ensure proper adhesion. High performance epoxy and urethane coatings that were originally developed for industrial and commercial markets are used. These systems have good to excellent UV, chemical, and abrasion resistance to provide years of carefree service. These properly installed high-performance systems have a life expectancy of 15 or more years.

With several years of the do-it-yourself and low-cost contractor installed floors being in the market for comparison to commercial grade systems, the results are clear: A high-performance epoxy and urethane system installed by a floor coating professional will out-perform and out-last their competitors by 4-5 times with only a slightly higher initial cost.

If you want to learn more about epoxy and how we can help to create the best and most durable floor for you, contact us .

Top Q&A (FAQs)about Epoxy Floor Coatings

Why should I choose an epoxy floor coating?

Even the best laid concrete floors will begin to break down and deteriorate over time. This can cause cracks, divots, and chips to appear in your concrete floor. With a professionally installed epoxy floor system, your concrete will be sealed and protected from the elements that can cause damage to your concrete while giving you an easy to clean and beautiful floor.

How to do epoxy flooring

What can I do to prepare for your arrival?

Household goods and/or vehicles will need to be removed from the area during the installation and curing process. Depending on the type of flooring your choose, and other factors like time of year and temperature, the curing process may take up to 5-6 full days before your floors are completely cured. In most cases, you can walk on your new floors after 24 hours of the final application, however, you will need to wait at least 72 hours before you start replacing household items and furniture or vehicles, if you are choosing this type of flooring for your garage.

There are some small cracks and other defects in my concrete, will this affect the epoxy coating?

How to do epoxy flooringThe most important part of the installation process is the repairing the concrete which involves detailed preparation of the surface. Since defects, dust and other foreign matter may compromise the integrity of your new epoxy flooring, all efforts are taken to repair these defects while abating dust and other debris during the process. By using modern, high quality diamond grinding equipment combined with diligent efforts from our highly trained team, we are able to keep dust and debris to a minimum during the installation process.

I want a specific color for my flooring, are customized colors available?

Of course! Before we begin your installation, we will sit down with you to discuss the vision you have for your new dream floor and find just the right color and texture that suits your preferences and needs. We offer solid, inexpensive floor coatings such as solid epoxies- all the way to metallic and custom designed commercial finishes!

Will my new epoxy flooring be slippery?

Depending on your specific flooring choices, your floors may have a slightly textured surface and feel or a smooth, glass-like surface. In most cases, your new epoxy flooring system will be no more slippery than regular concrete when it’s wet. If you are concerned about how slippery your new epoxy flooring will be, there are slip resistant additives that can be added to the top coat that will help with this issue.

How do I clean my new epoxy flooring?

You can give your new floors a light cleaning with a broom, dust mop, or even a leaf blower. For a deeper clean, you’ll want to mop your floors with simple mix of ammonia and water. It’s best to avoid any soap mixtures as these can leave a film which can cause your floors to become dangerously slippery. Metallic floor coatings show a bit more wear and tear, and need more maintenance so we typically recommend this type of look in places which will get swept often.

Still unsure about a new Dreamcoat Epoxy Flooring?

If you are not sold yet on why a new epoxy floor coating is not right for your home or have more questions about the Dreamcoat Flooring epoxy flooring system for your concrete floors, please contact us online , or call 480-226-4172 for your absolutely, 100% FREE flooring consultation.

Epoxy garage floors are growing in popularity both for residential and commercial use. It’s no surprise why – epoxy offers an attractive, customizable appearance that’s easy to clean and maintain and is more comfortable to walk on than bare concrete. However, an improperly applied epoxy coating will peel, crack, and chip not long after it’s applied, leading to an expensive, time-consuming mess to clean up. To do the job right the first time, watch the video below or read our step-by-step guide to install an epoxy garage floor.

Know the Job First

Before you do anything, take stock of the current condition of the garage floor is and what equipment you’ll need. The overwhelming majority of problems with epoxy coatings come from failing to do the proper surface preparation steps. That’s why you’ll want to consider factors such as:

  • An existing epoxy, paint, or other coating on the floor;
  • The condition and hardness of the concrete;
  • Whether you have access to power to operate your tools and equipment;
  • Weather conditions, particularly humidity;

You may need to use a concrete grinder to remove an existing coating or even out the slab prior to getting started. Even if the slab appears to be clean and ready for a coating application, you will probably need to use a shot blaster to achieve the proper concrete surface profile. The coating’s manufacturer will have recommendations for what type of surface preparation is needed to get the best results, so if it’s not listed on the container, we would recommend you call or contact them directly.

Preparing the Concrete for an Epoxy Coating

As we mentioned, you may need to grind away a coating or use a shot blaster to profile the slab. Additionally, you’ll want to get ready to lay the coating using these steps:

  • Use epoxy-safe tape, such as Clean Green, to protect the edge of the walls where it meets the floor;
  • Clean up any dust and debris. While you should be using a proper dust collector with a shot blaster to eliminate excess dust and create a safer workspace, you will also need to go over the slab with a microfiber mob and cleaner to get any residue that could impair the bond between the concrete and epoxy.
  • Mop with acetone if there is high humidity or if the temperature and humidity are within ten points;
  • Prepare your primer coating, wearing disposable gloves and safety glasses in a well ventilated area.

Applying an Epoxy Coating to the Garage Floor

Once the space is prepared, clean, and ready to go, apply a primer coat for a uniform application.

  • Pour part A into a clean bucket, slowly mixing to avoid introducing air into the solution.
  • Add part B and mix slowly, either by hand or with a power mixer with a paddle attachment at low RPMs. Mix the solution for at least three minutes at a consistent pace.
  • Pour it into your rolling tray and work quickly to avoid the primary setting or hardening before you are ready. We recommend having one person roll the primer while the other person does the brush application around the walls and edges.

After the primer coat, you’ll want to wait one hour, then apply the colored base coating, following the same steps as above, except adding the color after pouring part A into the bucket but before adding part B. Again, work quickly once the solution is mixed, but take care to roll and brush consistently and blend the edges.

If applying a decorative chip coating, make sure to “broadcast” them before the coating is dry so they properly adhere. Simply reach into a container and broadcast the chips up and out in a natural motion to ensure a heavy, even coating as you can always remove and re-use excess chips. After an hour, use a light scraping pressure to remove and collect the chips with a clean shop-vac. Two hours later, you can apply the clear coating to complete the project.

Shop Our Epoxy Coating Preparation and Equipment

From shot blasters and floor grinders to high-quality epoxy coating, we have everything you need for a beautiful, long-lasting epoxy garage floor. To learn more about what you need for your next project, reach out to us at 815-472-9754 or filling out our contact form to get started.

Epoxy is a strong material that you can use on your basement floor. Aggregate epoxy flooring is durable enough to last many years, so long as it is installed correctly.

Preparing Your Basement Floor

Prepare the basement floor before installing epoxy aggregate flooring. Fill any cracks in the concrete. Use a sander to level uneven areas on the floor. Fill large dipped areas with a self-leveling compound. If any filling is required, wait for the floor to completely dry before you carry on with the process.

Next, apply an epoxy base primer. Paint the primer onto the concrete to form a barrier between the epoxy flooring and the concrete. Ensure that the barrier material is spread across the entire floor. Complete coverage minimizes the risk of water damage. Do not leave air bubbles or bare patches because they become weak spots in the floor.

WARNING: Epoxy products can release fumes, so check your basement has proper ventilation and wear a respirator mask and safety goggles while applying the epoxy primer to the floor. You should also wear safety equipment while operating the sander to keep any sawdust or other particles out of your system. Follow the same precautions when you apply the final epoxy solution.

Choosing the Flooring

Aggregate stones are available in a wide variety. Choose stones, glass, or a mixture of both to creates a unique appearance. Experiment with mixing together different colors and blends of aggregates until you create a pattern that you like.

Choosing Epoxy

Epoxy is available at home improvement and hardware stores. Choose an epoxy solution which can be used with aggregates. You will mix the epoxy with the aggregates and a hardener to form the hard, durable surface.

Mixing

When mixing aggregate flooring, use 1 part epoxy resin to 3 parts stones. Use a cement mixer to mix together the epoxy, stones, and hardener. Add the aggregate immediately, then the epoxy resin. Make sure the solution is mixed properly because it will create a much stronger flooring material.

How to do epoxy flooring

Introducing Learn Epoxy Floors

A Step by Step online course teaching all the fundamentals of Epoxy Flooring. This course has been developed for applicators who want to get into epoxy flooring. Study at your own pace and watch the learning material as many times as you want!

How to do epoxy flooring

How to do epoxy flooring

How to do epoxy flooring

What you get when you join LearnEpoxyFloors

Watch this short walk-through video to understand what you will get when you join the course

Upon completion of this course you will be able to:

  • Have a key understanding of each step involved in applying a floor from surface preparation to the final coating
  • Understand the differences between the various types of flooring systems
  • Confidently install glossy self leveling epoxy floors
  • Eliminate problems like trowel marks, bubbles and curing issues with your projects
  • Properly specify the right floor solution for each project
  • Understand the basic concepts of epoxy chemistry and the main differences between epoxies and polyurethanes
  • Take on more challenging projects
  • Understand all the necessary equipment and tools required to run a successful flooring business

How to do epoxy flooring

Dear Contractor,

You want to take on new challenging jobs and grow your career. But you’re not confident in moving forward. You are aware of the risks and failures with epoxies.

When I first got involved in epoxies I had no clue what I was doing. Epoxy flooring looks fairly simple until you start experiencing failures.

Why? Because people don’t realize that this quite a hard craft. It’s not just about showing up on-site with a roller and two buckets. Proper application of resinous floor coatings is actually a very special skill.

And I had my failures. Clients calling me at 6 in the morning telling me that the floor has not cured, and how this delay will cost their business… Floors packed with bubbles… coatings cracking after just a few weeks.

So I’ve developed this online epoxy flooring training course to help contractors and construction professionals learn the basics of Epoxy Flooring. In this course you will get over 4 hours and 20 lessons of learning material. You will acquire the skills and the confidence to become a successful epoxy flooring professional.

Join Today!

Join Today for the price of a few packs of epoxy coating, and get immediate access to the learning videos

What is included in the course?

LearnEpoxyFloors (2021 version) is composed of over 20 video lessons. Each lesson covers a specific topic, presented in a slideshow format with pictures from real projects.There are also several videos showing actual on-site application of epoxies. The content of each module is described below.

  • Module 1 looks at the Key stages of epoxy flooring. I go through the main stages describing surface preparation, priming, grouting and then coating.
  • Module 2 focuses on the most common types of epoxy floor systems: floor paints, self leveling floors, quartz systems, clear coats as well as metallic epoxies and 3D epoxies.
  • Module 3 explains some basic concepts of epoxy chemistry where we discuss the importance of the A and B components, solvents, water based products and mixing the correct proportions.
  • Module 4 looks at frequently asked questions. We look into substrate suitability, proper application methods as well as choosing the right products
  • Module 5 is all about organising your team, your supplies and the equipment that you will require to execute a flooring project.
  • Module 6 goes beyond epoxies and we look at other types of resinous flooring systems. We discuss polyurethanes, acrylics, MMAs and more.

The course also includes THREE SPECIAL BONUSES. The first bonus is a troubleshooting guide that lists the most common problems with epoxy floors. The other two bonuses are two handy checklists. The first sheet is a list with all the basic supplies that you should have when you are carrying out at an epoxy project. The second checklist is a list of nine things you should check before starting to coat the final coat on a flooring project. Finally we show you an actual project case study where we applied epoxy over tiles.

What Past Students said about this course

I always read and watch your shared articles and videos; they are really amazing and overwhelming. Your experiences are undeniable and helpful for new people in this career as well as experienced ones.I am thankful for what I can learn from you” (Asghar, Iran)

“The information in this course is much appreciated. It has really helped me in my flooring jobs” (Scott, Canada)

“Thank you Akis. I am no longer making the mistakes I was making in the past. My progress has been excellent. It has been from one level of glory to another” (Disi, Nigeria)

How is the course structured?

LearnEpoxyFloors is composed of video lectures each 20-30 minutes in duration. Each video covers one training module and is presented with pictures from real projects. Upon registration you will receive login details that will provide you with 24/7 online access to all the course material. You will also get access to any upgrades of the course at no additional cost.

When does the course start and finish?

The course starts now and never ends! It is a completely self-paced online course – you decide when you start and when you finish. You are free to access the videos as many times as you want

How long do I have access to the course?

After enrolling, you have unlimited access to this course for as long as you like – across any and all devices you own. The first version of this course was launched in 2015, and students that joined back then still have access

What if I am unhappy with the course?

We would never want you to be unhappy! If you are unsatisfied with your purchase, contact us in the first 30 days and we will give you a full refund.

At some point you may want to remove epoxy flooring from your kitchen, basement, or garage, to change the color or replace it due to wear. Follow the procedure outlined below to remove epoxy flooring safely and with little difficulty from a space in your home.

Determine If Your Epoxy Floor is Solvent or Water-Based

Take a small sample of your epoxy floor to a building center to find out whether it is solvent or water-based. This will determine the type of stripping solution you should buy.

Purchase the Stripping Solution

Epoxy is meant to be durable. Therefore you’ll need to select the proper product to remove it. You can use either water-based epoxy stripper on water-based epoxy, or if you are highly sensitive to volatile compounds, choose a soy-based, environmentally-friendly epoxy stripper that emits low levels of fumes. You could also skip the strippers and grind down the epoxy with a carbide-tipped rotary tool.

Prepare the Floor for Stripping

How to do epoxy flooring

Remove all furnishings, wall hangings, and window coverings from the room to prevent them from being splashed with a stripper or absorbing chemical fumes. Sweep the floor surface thoroughly and then vacuum to remove any dust, dirt, or flakes from the topcoat of the epoxy floor. Have the windows and doors in the area open to ventilate the room. Put on rubber gloves, eye goggles, and a painter’s mask.

Apply the Stripper

Pour on or spray on the epoxy floor stripping solution, starting in the farthest corner from the exit doorway. Cover each measured area of about 4X4 feet at a time. Use a string or fiber mop, not a sponge rubber type, to spread the stripping solution over the floor. Distribute the stripping solution all over the floor evenly.

Seal the Room to Let Stripper Soak

Close the doors and windows tightly, and seal off the room so that the stripping solution can soak into and dissolve the old epoxy for at least 24 hours, or as recommended on the container of stripping solution.

Peel off the Old Epoxy Layer

Open up the doorways and windows again, and put an electric fan in the room pointed toward a window to vent off the fumes. Put on your protective eye and hand coverings and a fresh painter’s mask. Using the long-handled metal scraper, push off the layer of epoxy flooring starting at one edge of the room and moving toward the door. Clear off a row at a time, twice the width of the scraper blade. Using the shovel, scoop the waste epoxy into trash bags and discard it safely.

Re-soak Stubborn Epoxy

How to do epoxy flooring

If sections of epoxy will not come off the floor, soak these parts again overnight with the stripping solution, and scrub them the next morning with a brush with stiff wire bristles.

Rinse and Vacuum the Floor

When all the epoxy has been removed, rinse the floor with cool water and vacuum it up with a shop-vac. Then allow the floor to dry completely.

Pebble flooring is a type of stone flooring that is held together by epoxy resins. It is used mostly for its natural look as well as its capacity to hide flaws on the floor. Installation of pebble flooring is very easy and it does not require elaborate knowledge of tile installation. Here are the procedures for this project.

Step 1 – Remove Debris From The Floor

Clean the floor properly by sweeping away loose debris with a bristled broom or brush. Once the loose debris have been removed, it is important to apply a mild cleaner (soap and water solution) on the surface to remove stubborn dirt and oil. Rinse the surface to remove the residue left from the cleaner.

Step 2 – Inject Sealant To Fill Cracks On The Floor

Fill cracks in the floor prior to the installation of the pebble flooring. You can inject a sealant into the cracks and allow it to dry more than 24 hours before you proceed to the next step.

Step 3 – Apply Epoxy Primer

Once dry, apply the epoxy primer on the floor and let it dry for an hour. Use a brush when applying the primer.

Step 4 – Mix The Pebbles With Epoxy Resin

Separately, mix the pebbles with the epoxy resin and spread the mixture across the floor until you have covered the floor completely. Let it dry for 24 hours.

Step 5 – Seal The Surface Of The Pebble Flooring

Apply a coat of varnish on the floor to smooth the surface. Let it dry completely.