How to grow bell peppers indoors

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Growing vegetables in containers is the perfect solution for cramped spaces. Some varieties actually thrive in the warmer conditions and tighter space that container gardening provides. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 1 through 11, bell peppers (Capsicum annuum), are one such plant. And whether you have ample space to plant them in-ground or not, growing bell peppers in containers is an attractive way to ensure a beautiful bounty all season long.

Getting Started

Bell peppers are perennials that are grown as annuals, and they can be grown from seed or plants. Either way, unless you’re in a warm climate, you will probably have to start your plants indoors six to 10 weeks prior to your region’s last spring frost. When starting from seed, use a quality seed mix and plant the seeds approximately a 1/2 inch beneath the soil’s surface, with two seeds per tray or small pot. In about one to three weeks, you should start to notice your peppers germinating. At this point, thin the plants out to leave one plant per tray or pot.

After you see two true leaves emerge (approximately 4 to 6 inches tall), you can transplant your bell peppers outdoors and prepare them for either planting in the ground, or in a larger container. If you find yourself in one of the warmer growing zones, you can start your pepper seeds any time other than in the most extreme temperatures of summer. Daytime temperatures of 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit are most conducive to bell pepper production, but you may notice the plant drop its blossoms in temperatures higher than 85 degrees Fahrenheit. However, any set fruit will continue to ripen.

Selecting the Right Container and Proper Placement

Much like the old real estate adage, perfect placement for your pepper plants is vital; it’s all about location, location, location. Bell peppers enjoy warm, sunny spots that receive ample sunlight. Approximately six hours of full sun per day should suffice, and be sure to keep them sheltered from strong winds. Bell peppers need a well-draining pot that is at least 10 to 12 inches deep and 10 to 12 inches across. The material of the pot is not as important as its size. You want something that is large enough to accommodate the maturing pepper plant, and deep enough to encourage proper root development.

Preparing the Soil and Transplanting

The soil in which you plant your bell peppers is the foundation of its success. Bell peppers need warm soil temperatures – 65 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer – and prefer organic matter-rich, moisture retentive, well-draining potting mixes with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8. Adding compost to the soil helps to introduce key nutrients for the burgeoning plant, while incorporating 5 to 10 grams of neem cake when you prepare the soil helps to protect the plants from soil-borne blight and disease. You can plant two to three bell pepper plants per container, depending upon the variety of bell pepper, and the size of your chosen pot.

Bell Pepper Care

Once your plants are in their new home, keep them on a regular watering schedule. You want the soil to be moist, but not saturated. You can mulch to keep evaporation at bay, and be sure to fertilize your bell peppers every two weeks, or whenever the soil is lacking (or too high) in certain nutrients. Sickly or frail plants are a good indicator of imbalanced soil. If you notice your bell peppers flowering too early, you can deadhead or pinch off the flowers to ensure the plant’s energy is directed properly. Sometimes, pepper plants need structural support. In this case, place wooden dowels in the pot and tie the main stem of the plant to them. Use your judgement to decide how many you need, or where to place them.

By: Michelle Miley

The Trinidad scorpion pepper (Solanaceae capsicum chinense Trinidad scorpion) is an annual plant known for producing extremely spicy peppers. These peppers are so hot, in fact, that Guinness World Records named the Trinidad scorpion “Butch T” cultivar (Solonaceae capsicum chinense Trinidad scorpion “Butch T”) the hottest chili in the world in March 2011. This makes the Trinidad scorpion the hottest pepper you can grow in your own garden, and you may have to grow it there if you are brave enough to eat them. The pepper is, as its name suggests, native to the Caribbean island of Trinidad and is difficult to find in grocery stores. Even seedlings can be tough to find in local nurseries, and you will likely have to grow this pepper from seeds ordered online.

Step 1

Fill a tray with seed starting soil mix and plant the pepper seeds 1/4 inch deep in the tray eight to 10 weeks before the last expected frost. Water the seeds with hot water immediately after planting.

  • The Trinidad scorpion pepper (Solanaceae capsicum chinense Trinidad scorpion) is an annual plant known for producing extremely spicy peppers.
  • The pepper is, as its name suggests, native to the Caribbean island of Trinidad and is difficult to find in grocery stores.

Step 2

Place the uncovered tray in an area with good air circulation and a temperature of around 85 degrees Fahrenheit. At this stage, the temperature is more crucial than light, so you can put the tray in a dark area if the correct temperature is maintained. Keep the soil around the seeds and young plants moist, but never wet or soggy.

Step 3

Move the seedlings to a place where they will receive eight to 10 hours of sunlight a day once they have sprouted. The plants will do well at temperatures as low as 70 degrees Fahrenheit after sprouting.

Step 4

Plant the seedlings in the garden two week after the last frost has occurred and the plants have grown about 12 inches high. The planting bed should be in full sun where temperatures stay between 60 and 95 degrees. Provide the peppers with afternoon shade in hotter areas of the garden. Space the plants 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart in the planting bed.

  • Place the uncovered tray in an area with good air circulation and a temperature of around 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Plant the seedlings in the garden two week after the last frost has occurred and the plants have grown about 12 inches high.

Step 5

Sprinkle a granular 5-10-10 fertilizer beside the rows of pepper plants when they have blossomed. This will provide enough nutrition to fertilize your pepper plants for the entire growing season.

Step 6

Water the peppers in the morning or early evening with a watering can or sprinkler system to simulate rainfall. Keep the soil around the peppers damp but do not allow it to get soggy — peppers will not tolerate wet feet. Ideally, the peppers should receive 3 quarts of water twice a week, either through irrigation or rainfall.

Step 7

Harvest the peppers about 90 to 120 days after planting in the garden, when they have attained a rich red color. Young peppers will start green, turn yellow and then change to red when ready to be picked. Pick your peppers about two weeks earlier if you want a slightly milder flavor. Wear gloves when harvesting the peppers, because the oil from the Trinidad scorpion and other hot peppers can irritate your skin.

  • Sprinkle a granular 5-10-10 fertilizer beside the rows of pepper plants when they have blossomed.
  • Water the peppers in the morning or early evening with a watering can or sprinkler system to simulate rainfall.

If you water the peppers in the evening, do so early enough to allow the leaves of the plant to dry before nightfall.

For best results, water your peppers with spring water, rainwater or other nonchlorinated water sources.

Plant Trinidad scorpion peppers well away from sidewalks, patios and other areas where children and pets may come in contact with them. This is an extremely potent pepper and the oil from the plant can cause skin irritation and burning.

Bell peppers are excellent candidates for an indoor garden. They can be finicky when exposed to climate extremes and benefit from controlled conditions. Particularly in northern climates where the growing season is short, plant peppers indoors for a satisfying horticultural adventure. Pepper plants have the potential to become indoor perennial houseplants.

  • Intro
  • How To Plant Bell Peppers Indoors
  • Indoor Bell Pepper Care
  • Harvest and Storage

How To Plant Bell Peppers Indoors

Soak bell pepper seeds overnight in a cup of room temperature water for the fastest germination rates. After soaking, transfer seeds to damp paper towels. Fold the seeds between layers of damp paper towels. Put them in a plastic bag and then into a paper bag to block out any light.

Place this paper bag somewhere warm in the house. Ideal germination temperature for bell pepper seeds is 70°F (21°C). On top of the fridge or somewhere in the kitchen is a good place to keep them warm. They should germinate in five to seven days.

Mix a potting soil that is equal parts:

  • Coarse Sand
  • Vermiculite or pearlite
  • Peat moss or coconut coir
  • Compost

Place each germinated seed into a two gallon pot filled with this mixture. The compost should provide all the nutrients needed until plants begin to flower.

Indoor Bell Pepper Care

Maintain temperatures between 65-70°F (18-21°C). Place a fluorescent shop light one to two inches above the top of the plants and adjust it as they grow. Providing them with extra light will thicken the stalks and ensure bushier plants.

Avoid overhead watering if possible. Bottom watering is superior for growing peppers because they are less prone to fungal infections. As plants grow you can choose to prune them or not. Topping plants will encourage more branching and according to many gardeners, more fruit.

When small fruits appear on pepper plants, you can feed them for the second time. Mix up a batch of compost tea according to instructions and water it into the soil. There are organic liquid fertilizers available at garden shops if compost is unavailable. Or, top the soil medium with two inches of finished and screen compost.

Harvest and Storage

Peppers will reach full size in 60-100 days depending on the pepper variety. Peppers will reach full-size green and then as they age turn different colors. Harvest them at any desired size. If picked after the colors have started to change it is likely the fruit will change color on the counter.

Storegreen peppers is plastic in the fridge for up to 10 days. Additional preservation options include blanching and freezing which will preserve them for up to one year. Drying peppers will preserve them indefinitely.

Bring Nature Into Your Home

In this article we learn How to Grow Bell Pepper Plants Indoors. You probably eat Bell peppers quite often. It’s a common house food ingredient. We all use peppers for our cooking and now you can grow them on your own. Growing bell pepper plants can be easy and fun for the whole family. As a kid I did not like bell peppers, but growing them on my own made me like peppers. The next time you need peppers to cook with, you can just pluck them from your homegrown bell pepper plant; talk about fresh.

Grow Bell Peppers at Home

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How to Grow Bell Peppers

Bell peppers are usually grown 2 months before the winter or frost date. But I grow my bell peppers entirely indoors, as long as I can get some sunlight. The temperature of my home never gets too cold.

  • Grow bell peppers from seed. You can also buy ready specimens for transplanting but bell peppers are relatively easy to grow from seed. Some varieties of bell pepper can take as little as two months and some others can take three months before they begin to flower.
  • Bell pepper plants should be planted about two months before the winter. You can start your bell pepper plant indoors.
  • Plant the seeds in a light layer of soil. Water them regularly and the seedlings should appear in a week or two.
  • Temperature is very important for bell peppers. The seeds need to be warm enough, they need to have a warm period in order to germinate. Temperatures of over 80° Fahrenheit (26.6° Celsius) is recommended for a good result. Also, you should note that too low temperatures below 55° Fahrenheit (12.7° Celcius) is no good either. You can use grow lights at home if you do not get enough sunlight indoors.
  • If you cant get the right temperature and the seeds don’t sprout, you can make use of a heating mat.
  • Seedlings grown indoors need strong light or they will grow tall and spindly. Bad growth at an early stage will lead to floppy transplants. Bell peppers are quite heavy and the plant needs to be strong. If you do get weak growth you can use bamboo or wood skewers and tie them in place.
  • Don’t grow them in too small pots and mix good fertilizer with the soil.

Caring for Bell Peppers

  • Fertilize your plant with good fertilizer. However, cut back or avoid nitrogen fertilizer as they are known to help the growth of lush and fruitless plants.
  • Wait for bell peppers to ripen. Most people make this mistake. Most bell peppers start off with a green color and in two weeks they turn into the desired color. Some varieties may take longer for the right color to develop.
  • Protect your plant from a sudden drop in temperature. You can take a milk jar, cut the bottom and place it on your plant.
  • Save pepper seeds. The pepper seeds can be kept for about two years.
  • Once your peppers are ripe with the right color you can harvest them. The plant won’t grow peppers again and they can be binned in the compost. If you see your plant is diseased or not looking right you can leave it with all the other trash so as not to spread any plant diseases.

Now you don’t need to go shop and look for those “organic” non-chemical, pesticide-free bell peppers. You have fresh grown bell peppers right in your home. When you have friends or family visiting cook up a salad right in front of them, and pick those peppers fresh from your plant. Your friends and family will be amazed. Below is a video on how to grow bell peppers plants indoors. Also check our articles on growing potatoes, tomatoes and starting your own vegetable garden at home.

How to grow bell peppers indoors

Peppers are popular for their bright color, crunchy texture, and many nutrients, including vitamins A and C, potassium, and fiber. Bell peppers are delicious raw or roasted, while hot peppers add a kick of heat to salsas and chilli. Learn how to grow peppers indoors to enjoy homegrown veggies in your recipes and brighten up your living area.

Pepper aficionados measure their level of spiciness on the Scoville scale. Mild bell peppers have a rating of 0 and contain no capsaicin, which is the chemical that gives peppers their heat.

The Scoville scale works its way up through the different chilies to the Carolina Reaper, which people believe to be the world’s hottest pepper.

Among bell peppers, at least, green peppers are fruits that have not yet developed their mature red color. Although green peppers are fine to eat, red bell peppers tend to have a sweeter flavor and be more nutritious.

How to grow bell peppers indoors(luckyshoe/123rf.com)

  1. Can You Grow Peppers Indoors?
    • Choosing a Pepper Variety
    • Growing Peppers Indoors from Seeds
    • Transplanting Pepper Plants Indoors from the Garden
    • How to Grow Peppers Indoors: Light and Temperature
    • Growing Peppers Indoors: Watering, Fertilizing, and Pollinating
    • How to Grow Peppers Indoors: Staking and Pruning
    • Harvesting Peppers
  2. Preventing and Treating Pests and Disease on Pepper Plants
    • Pepper Plant Pests and Diseases

Can You Grow Peppers Indoors?

It is possible to grow peppers at home in your living room, although the fruits probably won’t get as large as they would in the garden.

When growing peppers indoors, it’s essential to provide enough light and the correct soil temperature. You may need to use artificial light when planting peppers indoors to ensure proper germination and growth.

Choosing a Pepper Variety

The Capsicum genus contains over 30 species. One of the most popular, Capsicum annuum, includes favorites like the bell pepper, jalapeño pepper, and cayenne pepper. Growing habanero at home is much the same as growing poblanos or other pepper varieties.

Unless you have lots of space indoors, it makes sense to grow a smaller pepper variety. Note, however, that smaller pepper varieties are generally hotter. Ornamental peppers are often also surprisingly spicy.

Be careful when working with chili-peppers. Wear gloves, wash your hands after you have finished, and avoid touching your eyes or face. If you have young children or pets, plant one of the many sweet peppers, like banana pepper varieties, or place the pot out of reach.

Growing Peppers Indoors from Seeds

Start pepper seeds indoors in seed trays in mid-spring. Fill the cups with a sterilized potting mix. Before sowing the seeds, soak them in warm water for two to eight hours—until they sink to the bottom of the cup—to speed up germination.

Whether you grow ghost peppers indoors or bell peppers, poke quarter-inch-deep holes in the soil and insert one seed per cup. Cover the seeds loosely with soil.

Keep the trays in a sunny spot with a soil temperature of at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Water until liquid comes out of the drainage holes on the bottom.

Transplant the seedlings when they have two sets of fully grown leaves. The new pots should be at least ten inches deep and ten inches wide with good drainage.

The best soil for peppers in pots is loose, well-drained soil that’s rich in organic matter or a combination of equal parts peat and perlite.

Transplanting Pepper Plants Indoors from the Garden

Don’t worry if you planted pepper seeds or seedlings from a garden center outside but then changed your mind. It’s possible to bring a potted pepper plant directly indoors and even to remove a plant already in the ground.

In the evening, when temperatures are cool—but well before the first frost—carefully dig up the pepper plant. Transfer it to a plastic pot.

Water the plant, then place it in a shady spot for several days. Remove any pests, such as aphids. After several days, move the pepper plant to an in-between spot like a porch. Once the plant has acclimated, bring it indoors.

How to Grow Peppers Indoors: Light and Temperature

Can you grow peppers indoors? Yes, it is possible, but indoor pepper plants require lots of light and warm temperatures. Outside, they need full sun.

Try to give the plants 14 to 16 hours of sunlight daily. Put them by a south or west-facing window if you have one. If necessary, use fluorescent grow lights hung at least three inches above the plants. The ideal temperature depends on the pepper variety.

However, when growing cayenne pepper in pots indoors or another variety, most peppers enjoy daytime temperatures of approximately 80 ℉ and cooler nighttime temperatures—about 70 ℉. Increase the temperature by using a heat mat or placing the pots on top of the fridge.

Growing Peppers Indoors: Watering, Fertilizing, and Pollinating

Keep the soil moist but not wet. Overwatering may cause diseases like root rot. When the soil surface is slightly dry, water with a spray bottle, spraying the soil, not the plant.

The ideal soil pH is between 5.5 and 7.5. Increase the pH with ground agricultural lime or lower it with compost or fertilizer. You may add mulch in the summer to prevent your plants from getting too hot.

Fertilize after planting and then monthly until fruiting starts. At that point, switch to fertilizing weekly. Use a balanced fertilizer (equal parts nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium).

When the flowers appear, use a cotton swab to rub pollen from the anthers onto the stigma, the large central stalk. Pollinating increases pepper plants’ yield.

How to Grow Peppers Indoors: Staking and Pruning

If your pepper plant starts bending, support it with stakes or a tomato cage. When growing habanero peppers indoors or out, pruning peppers is not necessary but does encourage a strong central stem and discourage pests and diseases. Wait until your plants are at least one foot tall before pruning them.

When small-fruiting varieties, like habanero and jalapeno, are small, clip the top half-inch to an inch of growth. Early in the growing season, all pepper plants benefit from the trimming of side shoots and flowers.

As the season progresses, remove damaged or low-lying foliage. For large-fruiting varieties, like bell peppers, remove suckers—the small shoots where leaves meet stems.

To encourage ripening late in the growing season, prune leaves or stems blocking light from reaching fruits. Consider trimming off the top three to six inches of branches, plus any flowers and fruits that won’t ripen in time.

Harvesting Peppers

The answer to “Can you grow peppers indoors?” is yes! Indoor pepper plants sometimes produce fruit for several months. Expect to see fruits about 60 to 90 days after planting.

Pick peppers once they’re shiny and firm and your desired size and color. Use a sharp knife so as not to damage the plant. Leave one to two inches of stem on the fruits.

Store homegrown peppers in a plastic bag in the crisper. They typically keep for one to two weeks in the fridge.

Preventing and Treating Pests and Disease on Pepper Plants

Unfortunately, peppers are susceptible to several pests and diseases. Try to plant disease-resistant pepper varieties and seeds.

How to grow bell peppers indoors

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Growing red bell peppers indoors allows you to take advantage of a longer growing season under more controlled growing conditions than are possible in an outdoor garden. Providing your pepper plants with the proper growing environment and the nutrients they need ensures healthy plants that are capable of regularly producing peppers.

Mix peat moss, vermiculite and coarse sand in equal parts to create a potting mix for your peppers. Make two gallons of soil for each container you plan to use. Add two tablespoons of slow release fertilizer with a nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium ratio of 10-10-10 into your potting mix.

Cut the landscaping cloth into a circle that is several inches longer in diameter than the base of your plant pot. Lay the landscaping cloth flat in the bottom of the pot and press the edges of the cloth flat against the sides of the pot. Pour potting soil into the pot and over the landscaping cloth until there is only an inch between the top of the soil and the rim of your pot.

Insert two seeds in the soil near the middle of the pot with a gap of 3 inches between each seed and the nearest side of the pot’s rim. Push each seed down into the soil until it is covered with a thin layer of dirt. Moisten the soil but avoid saturating it with water. Move the plant pot to a spot that receives sunlight throughout the day.

Maintain the temperature in the room your pepper plant is kept at a constant temperature between 65 and 75 degrees. Water the soil in your plant pot often enough to prevent the soil from drying out. Once your pepper plants begin to develop flowers, fertilize them weekly using a water soluble fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 10-10-10.

Monitor your plants for the formation of peppers. Allow your peppers to ripen on the plant until they develop a bright red coloration over the entire surface of the fruit. Use a sharp knife to sever the stems of your peppers just above where they attach to the fruit to prevent damage to your plants.

How to grow bell peppers indoors

If you’re a pepper fan, be it hot or sweet, and regret the end of summer and the colorful fruit, you might be wondering if you can grow pepper plants inside. It is possible to grow peppers as a houseplant; in fact, many floral departments sell ornamental peppers to be grown as indoor ornamentals. If you want indoor pepper plants for the purpose of eating, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure that growing peppers indoors is a success.

About Growing Peppers Indoors

Fruit from a pepper plant grown inside will never get as large as those grown outdoors; however, they will still pack the same amount of heat. The best pepper plants to grow inside are smaller peppers such as pequins, chiltepins, habaneros and Thai peppers, or small ornamental varieties.

Indoor pepper plants need the same requirements as those grown outside. They need enough space in a container for their roots to grow. They need plenty of sunlight; a south- or west-facing window is ideal. If you don’t have enough light available, use a grow light.

Remember that peppers like it warm; how warm depends on the variety of pepper. Ornamental chili peppers like lots of sun but moderate humidity, while the little Scotch bonnets and habaneros prefer a moderate temp and high humidity. Most of the hot peppers like cooler nighttime temperatures and dislike either hot or cold drafts.

Most peppers like a temperature of about 80 F. (27 C.) during the day and 70 F. (21 C.) at night. This may be hard to achieve, but try to stay within 20 degrees of this. You can increase the temperature by putting the plants under a light or on a heat mat.

How to Grow Indoor Peppers

If the growing season is coming to an end but you have surviving pepper plants outside, bring those in containers indoors. If they are in the garden, dig them up carefully and repot them in a plastic pot in the evening when temps are cool.

Water the plants and place them in a shaded area outside for a few days. Keep an eye on them for pests and remove them. After a few days, place the peppers in an in-between spot such as a porch. After the pepper plants have acclimated, bring them indoors and put them either under grow lights or in a south- or west-facing window.

If you are starting from scratch, plant the seeds in an equal mix of peat moss, vermiculite and sand (soilless medium) in a pot with adequate drainage holes. Push the seed just below the soil level. Keep the soil moist and the pots in an area with full sun. Depending upon the variety, germination should occur between 14-28 days.

Water the peppers when the top of the soil feels slightly dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering lest the plants roots rot.

Feed peppers grown as a houseplant with a balanced fertilizer such as a 15-15-15.

Bell peppers are crunchy, tangy, and colorful. They are crisp, allowing them to provide a unique texture in salads and other dishes. Because of their color, they are also recognized as ornamental plants in the vegetable world. It is a cultivar that belongs to Capsicum annuum and from the family of nightshades, the same with eggplant, tomato, and potato. They can have three or four lobes. Their flavor will depend on their color. Red and yellow are fruity. Purple and green, on the other hand, will have a slight bitterness. In case you do not know, take note that these peppers are not hot.

How to grow bell peppers indoors

Bell Peppers are Crunchy, Tangy and Colorful

There are many varieties of bell peppers that you might want to include in your choices. One of the most popular is Cajun Belle, which matures within 60 days. It has a hint of spice, but there is dominant sweetness. If you want larger peppers, on the other hand, you might want to opt for Big Bertha, which has an approximate length of eight inches and width of four inches. It is also popular amongst home gardeners because it is disease-free. For something different, try planting Chocolate Beauty, which has rich chocolate brown color and full flavor.

Planting and Growing Conditions

To grow bell peppers indoors, you can either start from seed or grow from a transplant. Most people start from seeds since germination is not that challenging. Start by soaking the seeds in water, which will soften the outer shell and speed up the process of sprouting. Let it stay in the water for about eight hours.

Once the seeds are ready, it is now time to prepare your pot and your soil. You can use standard containers, but you might also want to opt for a disposable seedling tray. An ideal potting mix is a combination of coarse sand, vermiculite, and peat moss. The soil should also be well-draining and must have excellent moisture retention.

Before putting soil in the pot, place a landscaping cloth at the bottom. Cut it to fit the size and the shape of the container. See to it that water can pass through the fabric and that the pot has drainage holes. After laying the cloth, pour the soil. Make sure to not overfill the pot. In the middle, sow two seeds. Plant more around the area, but make sure that there are at least three inches of space so that they will not end up overcrowding. Make sure to push the seeds down so that the soil will cover them.

How to grow bell peppers indoors

Use Standard Containers or a Disposable Seedling Tray

Next, choose a location that is ideal for the bell pepper. The windowsill is perhaps the best place. It needs bright sun throughout the day. It is also important to maintain a constant temperature, which should be anywhere from 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Water the soil regularly, but make sure that it will never be soggy. Wait until the soil is dry before the next watering.

Health Benefits

Need more reasons to eat bell peppers? Below are some of the health benefits that you might find convincing:

  • Prevents Cancer: Among the different antioxidants that you can find in bell peppers, carotenoids are some of the most common, which will help in preventing cellular damage. To add, it also has sulfur, which is known for being a great cancer fighter.
  • Improves Digestion: This is attributed to the fact that it is rich in fiber. This makes it effective in the prevention of constipation and other digestive issues. It is also important for weight management since fiber will make you feel fuller longer.
  • Helps You Sleep Quicker: If you are suffering from insomnia, incorporating more bell pepper in your daily diet will help since it can function as a natural sleep aid. It has Vitamin B6, which helps in the production of melatonin, a compound that is needed by the body to regulate your sleeping patterns.
  • Keeps Skin Young Looking: If you want a radiant and beautiful skin, especially for people who are aging, bell peppers will be good. They are rich in vitamins C and E, which are both helpful in improving your skin.
  • Improves Eye Health: There are more than 30 carotenoids that are present in bell pepper. It is a phytonutrient that is responsible for the prominent color in most fruits and vegetables. They transform to Vitamin A and prevents a variety of eye diseases, such as macular degeneration.

Pests and Diseases

Without giving your plant the attention that it deserves, viruses and pathogens can attack, resulting in a number of diseases, such as bacterial leaf spot, southern blight, Cercospora leaf spot, and blossom end rot. For pests, on the other hand, aphids, cutworms, root-knot nematodes, pepper weevils, tomato hornworms, cutworms, and blister beetles are some of the most common causes of infestation.

Care and Maintenance

Thinking of how to encourage better growth for your bell peppers? Here are some tips that you have to keep in mind:

  • Feed the plant with fertilizer once the flowers start to develop. This will supplement the nutrients that the bell pepper needs. Use water soluble fertilizer. See to it that the fertilizer contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, and iron, among other nutrients that bell pepper needs. During soil preparation, you can also add fertilizer to encourage quicker germination of the seeds.
  • Because they are indoors, pollination can be quite a challenge. With this, you have to hand-pollinate the plant when the flower starts to appear. Rub a cotton swab from a female flower to a male flower. This will be effective in increasing yield.
  • Be sure to harvest the pepper once they are mature enough. When you harvest them, you are encouraging the growth of new peppers. To harvest, be sure to use only clean scissors to avoid the transfer of infection or pathogens. Leave about one to two inches of the stem.
  • Take note as well that bell peppers are sensitive to indoor air quality. Keep it away from a place where there is cigarette smoke. See to it that the air is free from pollutants that can contaminate the plant and inhibit its growth.

Conclusion

Bell peppers are delicious, nutritious, and beautiful, making them the perfect choice for an indoor plant. even without a green thumb, growing this plant will be easy on your part, even as a beginner in gardening. With the right growing conditions, especially light and soil, success can be easily apparent and it won’t take long before you can pick fresh and colorful peppers in containers.