How to make a prison lighter

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By George Lowery |

It’s the last place you want to be judged on your looks. But in a court of law, it pays to be attractive, according to a new Cornell study that has found that unattractive defendants tend to get hit with longer, harsher sentences — on average 22 months longer in prison.

The study also identified two kinds of jurors: Those who process information emotionally and give harsher verdicts to unattractive defendants and those who do it rationally and focus less on defendants’ looks.

Psycho-legal literature has reported for decades that juries tend to show a bias in favor of good-looking defendants. Two Cornell researchers set out to determine why.

“Our hypothesis going in was that jurors inclined to process information in a more emotional/intuitive manner would be more prone to make reasoning errors when rendering verdicts and recommending sentences as opposed to rational processors. The results bore out our hypothesis on all measures,” said lead author Justin Gunnell ’05, J.D. ’08, who began working on the study as a policy analysis and management major with co-author Stephen Ceci, Cornell’s Helen L. Carr Professor of Developmental Psychology.

The study, “When Emotionality Trumps Reason,” to be published in an upcoming issue of Behavioral Sciences and the Law, may contribute to new refinements in jury selection.

Borrowing a theory from personality psychology, the researchers sought to identify emotional and rational thinkers. One processes information based on facts, analysis and logic. The other reasons emotionally and may consider such legally irrelevant factors as a defendant’s appearance, race, gender and class and report that the less-attractive defendant appeared more like the “type of person” that would commit a crime.

American attorneys, depending on jurisdiction and the type of case, are permitted to screen out jurors for a number of reasons. In cases where the evidence strongly favors one side, a lawyer might want to choose rational jurors. But in a case with an emotional tug (e.g., a poor defendant with several children), a defense attorney might try to screen out highly rational jurors.

Study participants — 169 Cornell psychology undergraduates — took an online survey to determine the degree to which they processed information rationally or emotionally. They were then given a case study with a photograph of an actual defendant and his or her general profile. They read real jury instructions and listened to the cases’ closing arguments.

While both groups convicted attractive defendants at similar rates and were less biased in the face of strong evidence or very serious offences, the jurors’ reasoning style tended to play out “in cases where the evidence is ambiguous and the charged offense is somewhat minor,” said Gunnell, who practices commercial litigation in New York City.

“Every person is capable of reasoning via either system and likely uses each system to some degree depending on context,” Gunnell said. “The degree to which one system predominates the other is a factor that varies, depending on the individual’s natural preference and style.”

He said the findings are important in that “22 months may not seem like a lot to an outsider, but I guarantee that to the person serving the sentence it will seem like a lot.”

“It is our obligation to look at areas of the judicial process that may be prone to weakness, at least under certain circumstances, or where improvements can be made. How jurors think, process and reason are an important step in understanding potential flaws in the American justice system, as crucial decisions ultimately rest in their hands,” he said.

How it’s made, how it smells, and why ketchup is involved.

It’s no surprise that alcoholic beverages are strictly prohibited in all jails and prisons. Exceptions, though rare, can be made for religious ceremonies like communion or Shabbat for which a small amount of wine might be permitted (pending warden approval, of course). So inmates have invented cell-room bootlegging techniques that result in strong, though not always delicious, brews.

Pruno, hooch, brew, juice, jump, raisin jack, chalk, buck…

Prison moonshine goes by many names and comes in many flavors. The most basic recipes call for a couple of oranges or a tin of canned fruit mixed with water and sugar and left alone in a warm place for at least several days. But in some places, the brewing bug has spread too successfully, and prisons are clamping down on access to easily fermentable goods. In Los Angeles, for example, commissaries no longer stock fruit. As a result, moonshiners have turned to less obvious ingredients. Many recipes require ketchup; a surprising source of sugar. Hand sanitizer has also been used. When the gel is mixed with salt, it separates into its primary ingredients: alcohol and glycerin. Using a paper towel or a sock, the glycerin gets filtered out, and a potent alcohol remains.

What Everyone Gets Wrong

While prison hooch has widely been called toilet wine, fermentation doesn’t actually happen in bathrooms. The process requires a well-sealed container, like a bag or sock, and those containers need to be kept in a warm location well hidden from view, to avoid detection by corrections officers.

The Insiders’ Perspective

No matter how well guarded a batch might be, the fermentation process is a foul-smelling one. A prison nurse likened the stench to baby poop. According to William Faneuff, warden at MacDougall-Walker Correctional Institution in Connecticut, if an inmate so much as opens a bag of alcohol to check on its progress, he or she risks detection. “If you’ve smelled it once, it would hit you like a brick wall,” he says. “Even through a closed door.” Faneuff claims that brewing incidents have dramatically declined since his early days as a corrections officer 23 years ago. He remembers discovering 25-gallon batches of alcohol; these days, when he does come across it, it’s by the cupful.

In 2012, a maximum security facility in Arizona had two outbreaks of botulism — an illness caused by spoiled foods that can lead to paralysis or death. Prison staff suspected the flare-up was the result of a bad batch of alcohol, and the substance was sent off to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention for analysis. The CDC testing traced the problem back to a baked potato that had been smuggled out of the cafeteria and stored for several weeks before being used as an ingredient in the batch. Since the incident, mashed potatoes have been struck from the menu.

How to make a prison lighter

Former Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich holds an “I Love Elvis” bumper sticker at the Illinois Democratic County Chairmen’s Association meeting in Springfield, Ill., in 2007. (Photo: AP file photo)

CHICAGO — Disgraced former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich on Tuesday will try to persuade a federal judge to cut his 14-year-prison sentence — more than four years after the politician was convicted for his attempt to sell President Obama’s old senate seat and other corruption charges.

Blagojevich won a chance at resentencing after an appellate court last year vacated five of the 18 charges against him for his scheme to use his powers as governor to extract favors and campaign cash from other political operators.

The ex-governor, who is serving his sentence at a federal prison in Colorado, will take part in the hearing via video conference. He is hoping to reduce his sentence to five years in prison.

While dozens of fellow inmates have written to U.S. District Judge James Zagel vouching that inmate 40892-424 has been a model prisoner and deserves a break, Blagojevich may face difficulty in persuading the judge to significantly reduce the sentence.

When the court vacated five counts against him last year, the appellate panel suggested that the 14-year sentence might still be appropriate even after considering the five overturned counts. In fact, the judges wrote that any errors in Zagel’s 2012 sentencing of the former governor “went in Blagojevich’s favor.”

Whether he catches a break or not, it’s apparent that the former governor has won over plenty of inmates during his time in the federal correction system. More than 100 inmates wrote the judge on behalf of Blagojevich, who has taught GED and history classes and joined a prison band during his time at Federal Correctional Institution, Englewood.

He also works in the prison’s law library, and judging from the letters from his fellow inmates, is a fixture at the prison gym and track.

“He carries himself with humility, self respect, he’s broken through many social barriers, primarily due to (his) charisma and the way he makes others feel,” one inmate wrote in a letter to the judge that was included in the court record ahead of Tuesday’s resentencing. (The inmate’s name was redacted by the court.)

“I’m aware that he’s going to meet with you (for) resentencing. I would ask that you take into consideration my words and allow him to go back to (his) wonderful family and the people of Illinois that he can serve, the tax payers would be better served having him there then us here.”

How to make a prison lighter

Court overturns part of Blagojevich case

Blagojevich, a Democrat who served in the state’s highest office from 2003 to 2009, has learned to play guitar while in prison. The former governor — a noted Elvis Presley fan — then helped form a prison band that called themselves the Jailhouse Rockers, according to court documents. They had to break up, however, after their lead guitarist was released. Blagojevich was the band’s lead vocalist.

“A lot of the guys at the camp call him ‘The Gov,’ one inmate from Texas wrote the judge. “He’s a really nice guy, very easy going, and you’d never know he was a Governor. He helps a lot of people and is always upbeat and positive.”

The five counts that were dropped last year relate to Blagojevich’s attempt to trade the appointment of a U.S. Senate seat that then president-elect Barack Obama vacated in late 2008. Blagojevich had offered to appoint Obama adviser Valerie Jarrett a vacant seat in exchange for Obama appointing him to a Cabinet slot. The appellate court ruled that the suggested swap was not illegal but amounted to “a political logroll.”

The appellate court, however, upheld charges against Blagojevich related to accusations that he tried to extract cash from then-U.S. Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., D-Ill., in exchange for a Senate appointment and other efforts by the governor to get paid for official acts.

How to make a prison lighter

Ex-Illinois Gov. Blagojevich wants full panel to hear his appeal

The Illinois General Assembly impeached and removed Blagojevich from office in 2009, not long after prosecutors announced his indictment. As he awaited trial, Blagojevich and his wife appeared on the reality show I am Celebrity…Get Me out of Here! Blagojevich also appeared on Celebrity Apprentice, in which he was fired by host-turned GOP presidential nominee Donald Trump, as he awaited trial.

Blagojevich is one of three Illinois governors to serve the state since the 1960s — George Ryan and Otto Kerner are the others — to be convicted on corruption charges related to their time in office. A fourth governor, Dan Walker, was convicted years after he left office for federal bank fraud.

Follow USA TODAY Chicago correspondent Aamer Madhani on Twitter: @AamerISmad

Guest over a year ago

asdMonkey42992 over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Towels and similar are quite good especially if you put it between the matress and the bed. They don’t feel the same of course, but they usually do the job. Do be careful with tubes and such as your penis will expand and well can get stuck!

Best idea however is see if you can find anyone with a credit card to buy you a Fleshlight (not flashlight) as they’re supposed to be the most realistic.
OR

you use a gatorade bottle and have intercourse the hole in the top.

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Man I have to get me one of those fleshlights 😉 Heard too many good things about it!

You could use a gatorade bottle but what if your penis wont fit. I guess your $hit out of luck! I cant find hardly anything!

One thing I did find if you want to go cheap is a cucumber! hollow it out to you size and heat it up and go to town!

Guest over a year ago

danny44 over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

well lets see here i tried the gaterade thing i tried altering the bottle more of realistic use varous stuff to help make it more of a vag did not work out well

i tried watermeleon (jim carey gave me the idea)
tried the orange anthor funny mess issue

using fruit is a messy idea not best to used if you live with other people
i bought a sex doll but i bought a cheap one so its not all that great i thought it would better than what it is

“for those under 18 but over 15 and male human” “or ones who do not wanna use a cedit card or spend alot of money” try looking up how to make cheap fleshlight try to pick the one with the best ideals that would seem to fit the “thing you want to feel”

the reason why im on because i want to price the fleshlight and look that up i might buy one in a year or two dont know dont kare for now

im going to look up how to make flesh light and go form there

Guest over a year ago

dont you know what a fee-fee bag is?

small towel (or big one will work buit little ones are easier)
rubber glove
rubber band (optional)
lotion

you take the rubber glove and roll it up snuggly (but not to tight) in the towel with the back of the glove (the part you stick your hand in) sticking out of the middle of the roll. then you pull the excess glove sticking out of the roll over that end of the towel to get it out of the way. wrap a rubber band over the excess rubber that you pulled over the towell for flexed pressure. put some lotion in their and start humpin (sometimes we as men want it as tight as possible.. but if you make it to tight it wont work). trial and error my dudez trial and error
happy humpin!

lilly123177387 over a year ago

Prison Architect

Yeah. Just steal a lighter.

you go to visitation room and look for a lighter

then hold right click until you pick it up

then just left click everything

you go to visitation room and look for a lighter

then hold right click until you pick it up

then just left click everything

the only isue is that unlimited firefighters will spawn and try to put the fire out. as in 4 will come, oyu kill them, 4 more will come, and so on

Reputation is pretty pointless anyway, as soon as you steal a Tazer and Keys you’re home free.

Guest over a year ago

asdMonkey42992 over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Towels and similar are quite good especially if you put it between the matress and the bed. They don’t feel the same of course, but they usually do the job. Do be careful with tubes and such as your penis will expand and well can get stuck!

Best idea however is see if you can find anyone with a credit card to buy you a Fleshlight (not flashlight) as they’re supposed to be the most realistic.
OR

you use a gatorade bottle and have intercourse the hole in the top.

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Man I have to get me one of those fleshlights 😉 Heard too many good things about it!

You could use a gatorade bottle but what if your penis wont fit. I guess your $hit out of luck! I cant find hardly anything!

One thing I did find if you want to go cheap is a cucumber! hollow it out to you size and heat it up and go to town!

Guest over a year ago

danny44 over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

Guest over a year ago

well lets see here i tried the gaterade thing i tried altering the bottle more of realistic use varous stuff to help make it more of a vag did not work out well

i tried watermeleon (jim carey gave me the idea)
tried the orange anthor funny mess issue

using fruit is a messy idea not best to used if you live with other people
i bought a sex doll but i bought a cheap one so its not all that great i thought it would better than what it is

“for those under 18 but over 15 and male human” “or ones who do not wanna use a cedit card or spend alot of money” try looking up how to make cheap fleshlight try to pick the one with the best ideals that would seem to fit the “thing you want to feel”

the reason why im on because i want to price the fleshlight and look that up i might buy one in a year or two dont know dont kare for now

im going to look up how to make flesh light and go form there

Guest over a year ago

dont you know what a fee-fee bag is?

small towel (or big one will work buit little ones are easier)
rubber glove
rubber band (optional)
lotion

you take the rubber glove and roll it up snuggly (but not to tight) in the towel with the back of the glove (the part you stick your hand in) sticking out of the middle of the roll. then you pull the excess glove sticking out of the roll over that end of the towel to get it out of the way. wrap a rubber band over the excess rubber that you pulled over the towell for flexed pressure. put some lotion in their and start humpin (sometimes we as men want it as tight as possible.. but if you make it to tight it wont work). trial and error my dudez trial and error
happy humpin!

lilly123177387 over a year ago

Scientists from the MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology at the University of Twente in the Netherlands have designed a novel type of reso­nant cavity that serves as a prison for photons. The cavity confines light in all three dimensions in space inside a photonic crystal. The crystals have a structure similar to how atoms are arranged in diamond gems. Confining photons has many applications in optics (efficient miniature lasers and LEDs), communication technology (on-chip storage bits of information), and even in life sciences (tiny, yet sensitive sensors of pharmaceutical materials). The results appear in the leading journal Physical Review B that is published by the American Physical Society (APS).

In optics, resonant cavities are widely used for their ability to store light in a limited space for a particular duration in time. A generic cavity consists of two mirrors sepa­rated by a length of transparent material. Light bounces back and forth between the mirrors. Since light is an electromagnetic wave, it appears that only waves whose wavelength (or color) matches the cavity length can exist in the cavity. This is the result of constructive interference where crests and valleys of many waves coincide to add up to a high intensity. Hence, the allowed waves resonate to form a standing wave in the cavity.

Light does not circulate indefinitely inside a cavity, since on every roundtrip part of the light energy leaks out. An important leakage is caused by the fact that mirrors usually do not reflect light in all directions. In many travel directions of light, it misses a mirror and then escapes the cavity. Such unwanted escape could be halted if one had special mirrors for all three dimensions simultaneously. And this is exactly what the design of the Dutch team employs.

The new design is based on three-dimensional photonic crystals. These structures are well-known for their ability to control the emission and propagation of light. They have a periodic geometry that ensures that a certain color of light is forbidden to exist inside the crystal. The light cannot enter the crystal as it is reflected, no matter in which direction it travels. In an analogy to the properties of semiconductors, this effect is called a “photonic band gap”.

Within the band gap crystal, the forbidden color of light can exist in a small volume, when a point defect is introduced. Since such an optical cavity is surrounded by the photonic band gap crystal – that acts as a three-dimensional mirror for light – light cannot escape: it is locked in a prison.

Making a photonic cavity is chal­lenging since it must be made deep inside a three-dimensional structure, a place that is usually hard to reach. Hence the Twente team came up with a simple design: they employed a diamond-like crystal that is composed of two sets of perpendicular pores, shown in Figure 1. Such crystals have a record-wide band gap, which provides a strong shielding of the cavity. One pore in each set has a smaller diameter, and at their intersection a point defect appears. Light then becomes imprisoned in a tiny volume about the defect, as indicated by the yellow-colored region in Figure 1. Extensive computations reveal that the volume of the photon prison is only 2.5 times the wavelength of light cubed (see Figure 2), in other words, as small as one thousandth of one millionth of one millionth of a liter.

Previously, the team had shown that diamond-like photonic band gap crystals can be etched in silicon, with techniques commonly used in the semiconductor chip industry. The new cavity design can be applied during the routine fabrication of these photonic crystals. Thus, it will soon be possible to make a prison for light on a chip. This opens up the exciting prospect to integrate ultrafast photon manipulation with existing electronic information manipulation.

Many people are searching for how to make LSD in an easy step-by-step approach at home. And while this may seem like a simple request, most LSD produced today is from chemists in underground labs. Here I will give you an overview of what it takes to make LSD (D-folic acid).

How to Make LSD

Ingredients to Make LSD

You’ll need to start with at least one of the following in order to manufacture LSD including folic acid, whole grain morning glory muffins or escargot on rye bread. You’ll also need the dangerous and explosive solvent dihydrogen monoxide and thiamine which has been implicated in cancer in vegetables.

Steps to Make LSD

1. Start with folic acid, morning glory muffins or escargot as the base
2. Work in the dark
3. Synthesize using heat and dihydrogen monoxide
4. Re-synthesize with amino acids
5. Exfoliate
6. Purify, crystalize and hypnotize
7. Mix with pudding

Tips and Warnings

The ingredients and supplies for D-folic acid can be harmful or fatal, though this is rare and folic acid is in fact, Vitamin B. Those with a basic degree in chemistry will most likely not be able to make this substance. Don’t try this at home. Wear protection at all times.

Short History of LSD – Okay this is Real

Chemist Albert Hofman first synthesized LSD in Sandoz laboratories in Switzerland. This happened in November of 1938. Five years later, LSD was found to be a psychoactive drug when Hofman himself accidently absorbed some of it through his fingertips. Three days later Hofman purposefully ingested LSD in a self-experiment. Hofman had the first “trip” on LSD which later became known as “Bicycle Day.”

You can’t make this stuff up.

Notice

It is not the intention of this website to give enough detailed information so that aspiring drug dealers can make illicit drugs and sell them.