How to pray in islam

For Muslims, the five daily prayer times (called salat) are among the most important obligations of the Islamic faith. Prayers remind the faithful of God and the many opportunities to seek His guidance and forgiveness. They also serve as a reminder of the connection that Muslims the world over share through their faith and shared rituals.

The 5 Pillars of Faith

Prayer is one of Islam’s Five Pillars, the guiding tenets that all observant Muslims must follow:

  • Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca, Islam’s most holy site, that all Muslims must make at least once in their lifetime.
  • Sawm: Ritual fasting observed during Ramadan.
  • Shahadah: Reciting the Islamic profession of faith, called the Kalimah (“There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger”).
  • Salat: Daily prayers, properly observed.
  • Zakat: Giving to charity and aiding the poor.

Muslims demonstrate their faithfulness by actively honoring the Five Pillars of Islam in their everyday lives. Daily prayer is the most visible means of doing so.

How Do Muslims Pray?

As with other faiths, Muslims must observe specific rituals as part of their daily prayers. Before praying, Muslims must be clear of mind and of body. Islamic teaching requires Muslims to engage in ritualistic washing (wudu) of the hands, feet, arms, and legs, called Wudhu, before praying. Worshippers must also be dressed modestly in clean clothing.

Once the Wudhu has been completed, it’s time to find a place to pray. Many Muslims pray at mosques, where they can share their faith with others. But any quiet place, even a corner of an office or home, can be used for prayer. The only stipulation is that the prayers must be said while facing in the direction of Mecca, the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad.

The Prayer Ritual

Traditionally, prayers are said while standing on a small prayer rug, though using one isn’t required. The prayers are always recited in Arabic while performing a series of ritualized gestures and movements intended to glorify Allah and proclaim devotion called Rak’ha. The Rak’ha is repeated two to four times, depending on the time of day.

  • Takbir: Worshippers stand and raise their open hands to shoulder level, proclaiming Allahu Akbar (“God is great”).
  • Qiyaam: Still standing, faithful cross their right arm over their left across their chest or navel. The first chapter of the Quran is read, along with other supplications.
  • Ruku: Worshippers bow toward Mecca, place their hands on their knees, and repeat, “Glory be to God, the greatest,” three times.
  • Second Qiyaam: The faithful return to a standing position, arms at their sides. Allah’s glory is proclaimed again.
  • Sujud: Worshippers kneel with only palms, knees, toes, forehead, and nose touching the ground. “Glory be to God, the highest” is repeated three times.
  • Tashahhud: Transition into a seated pose, feet beneath them and hands on laps. This is a moment to pause and reflect on one’s prayer.
  • Sujud is repeated.
  • Tashahhud is repeated. Prayers to Allah are said, and the faithful raise their right index fingers briefly to proclaim their devotion. Worshippers also ask Allah for forgiveness and mercy.

If worshippers are praying communally, they will conclude prayers with a brief message of peace for one another. Muslims turn first to their right, then to their left, and offer the greeting, “Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.”

Prayer Times

In Muslim communities, people are reminded of the salat by the daily calls to prayer, known as adhan. The adhan are delivered from mosques by a muezzin, the mosque’s designated caller of prayer. During the call to prayer, the muezzin recites the Takbir and the Kalimah.

Traditionally, the calls were made from the mosque’s minaret without amplification, though many modern mosques use loudspeakers so that the faithful can hear the call more clearly. The prayer times themselves are dictated by the position of the sun:

How to pray in islam

In ancient times, one merely looked at the sun to determine the various times of day for prayer. In modern days, printed daily prayer schedules precisely pinpoint the beginning of each prayer time. And yes, there are plenty of apps for that.

Missing prayers is considered a serious lapse of faith for devout Muslims. But circumstances do sometimes arise where a prayer time may be missed. Tradition dictates that Muslims should make up their missed prayer as soon as possible or at the very least recite the missed prayer as part of the next regular salat.

How to pray in islamSalah, the set of the five prayers that Muslims are obligated to performing every day, is one of the five most important pillars of Islam. Prayers are the most important and the most significant mediums that are used to communicate with Allah and ask Allah for the different things that a person needs. When a person needs to ask for something such as forgiveness, they first perform prayers and after they have finished performing prayers, they can ask for whatever they need and if what they need is beneficial for them, Allah will without a doubt grant their wish.

Muslims believe that when they perform prayers, Allah personally watches them and when they bow down while praying they bow down in front of Allah. This is the reason why Muslims want to be as presentable and perfect as possible while they perform prayers. In addition, it is said that when a person prays with good intentions and a clean heart, Allah grants whatever they wish for (or grants them something that is equally beneficial for them). Prayers have a lot of significance in Islam and that is the reason why among the many things that Muslim parents teach their children, how to pray in Islam is on the top of the list.

How to perform prayers?

Not all Muslims know how they can perform prayers because of some factors that, by the way, have been further elevated as a result of modernization and the change that is being brought about around the world. The following is a complete guide for all those wondering how to pray in Islam.

Perform prayers the way they are supposed to be performed

First, a person needs to perform prayers. Prayers are to be performed the way they should be performed and are to be performed the way a person has been taught to perform them. The first step to praying in Isla is to perform prayers because if a person does not perform prayers, they will not be able to pray to Allah and they will neither be able to wish for what they desire. In addition, a person should also make sure that their heart is completely clean and their intentions are as pure as they can be when they perform prayers in order to make sure that when a person prays to Allah after performing prayers, their prayers will not be rejected.

Pray and wish for what you want

Once a person has finished praying, they should pray to Allah. When a person prays to Allah, they should wish for what they want. The things that people commonly wish for are forgiveness, a sign that will lead them to the right path, a solution to their problems and whatever is best for them.

Say “Ameen”

Once a person has wished for what they want, they need to say “Ameen” in order to ensure that Allah receives their prayers. Saying “Ameen” is the last step in this guide which explains how to pray in Islam.

This is a flash demo with information on how to perform prayers in Islam.
Learn How to Pray (Muslim Prayers)
Step One: Takbiirah
The prayers begin with a ‘takbiirah’ to announce that the prayers has started.
The person says: “Allahu Akbar” and raises his hands behind his ears to announce the prayers has started.

Step Two: Doing a rak3ah
A rak3ah is a unit of prayers. Depending on the prayer of the day, you will perform a different number of rak3ah.

What is a rak3ah?
A rak3ah is a unit in prayers that is composed of the following:
1. Reading al-fati7ah
2. Reading a surah after the fati7ah (only in the first 2 rak3ah of all prayers)
3. Kneeling and saying: ‘sub7aana rabiyya-al-3a6’iim’ 3 times
4. Standing upright again and saying: ‘sami3a Allahu liman 7amida’
5. Bending down to prostrate and saying: ‘Allahu akbar’
5. Prostrating and saying: ‘sub7aana rabiyya-al-a3laa’ 3 times
6. Raising the head and saying: ‘Allahu akbar’
7. Prostrating and saying: ‘sub7aana rabiyya-al-a3laa’ 3 times

How many rak3ah is done for each prayer?

Step Three: Doing the tashahhud
At the end of all prayers (and a short version of it after every 2 rak3ah), the person sits on his knees to says the tashahhud. For prayers that are composed of 3 or more rak3ah, the tashahhud is said twice. The first time is after the first 2 rak3ah and the second time is at the end of the prayers. In that case, the whole tashahhud is not said the first time, but just half of it. The person stops immediately after the shihaadah.

The whole tashahhud is said in prayers that are composed of rak3ah only.

Step Four: Terminating the prayers with as-salaam
After the tashahud, a person can pray to Allah before terminating the prayers. The termination takes place as follows:
– The head is turned to the right and the person says: as-salaamu 3alayka wa ra7matu-Allahi WA barakaatuh
– Then the head is turned to the left and the person says: as-salaamu 3alayka WA ra7matu-Allahi WA barakaatuh
The prayers have ended!

How to pray in islam

Welcome to the second guide on our website, the Beginner’s Guide on How to Pray Salah! We hope you will find value in reading this guide. It covers the second most important pillar of Islam which is the prayer (salah).

How to pray in islam

Download a free PDF version of this guide

You can read it at anytime, at your own convenience.

Why We Wrote This Guide

Islam is the fastest growing religion with over 1.6 billion followers all over the globe. All Muslims are taught within the religion to worship God Almighty through salah (daily prayers).

Muslims believe that we are created for the sole reason to worship Allah alone. This purpose is fulfilled through the daily salah. This guide will cover many of the essentials a Muslim needs to know in order to make their daily prayers:

  • Why do we pray in the first place?
  • How do I make wudu and prepare for salah?
  • How do I actually pray the 5 daily salah?
  • What is the difference between Fajr, Dhur, Asr, Maghrib and Isha?
  • If I make a mistake in the prayer, how do I fix it and continue?
  • Plus many other topics and lessons for you to learn

How to pray in islam

How to pray in islam

How to pray in islam

That’s why we divided this Beginner’s Guide into seven chapters which represent the most important areas of the prayer such as how to make wudu, how to perform the prayer, common mistakes to avoid, the conditions of prayer, and many more subjects.

Secondly, all of the verses from the Holy Quran and the narrations from Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are written in English instead of Arabic, their original language. That means any verses or quotes you see within this guide are only interpretations of the meaning and not the exact word-for-word definition.

We’ve also included audio clips, images, and short videos to help explain how the prayer is performed, so you can follow along and learn at your own pace.

That ends our short introduction. Let’s get started!

Sins take you away from Allah. On the other hand, the 5 daily salah bring you closer to Him

Who is this guide for?

Whether you have recently accepted Islam or have been a Muslim for many years, we designed this guide just for you. All of the lessons are designed to help anyone who wants to learn how to pray salah.

Developer’s Description

Are you a new muslim, a kid or beginner and you want to know how to pray in islam step by step ? Rituals, prayer positions islam, islamic prayer schedule, rules and instructions? Also to avoid islam prayer mistake?

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“Taalim salat” aims to explain ” How to perform salat guide ( how to pray namaz step by step or ) in 2 langages English and Arabic by incorporating audio tracks to embellish each learning stage.

Learn Salat or Namaz ‘ is a complete educational guide from Quran Sunnah to learn salah “the prayer in Islam” and to help Muslims ( Kids / adults ( Women, Men ) ) to complete the second pillar and one of the most important pillars of Islam!

We make this wonderful App for each one who wish to have basics of Performance of Salah as a muslim pray vector, Understand Islam for beginners , words you can say.

To facilitate understanding of the various mandatory and how to pray in islam in english. The app is designed in three languages: Arabic, French and English; phonetics in order to help Muslim children as well as adults to learn easily the right way to do ablution “al wudu ‘and pray especially for new converts who embraced recently religion:

In islam, we should pray 5 times a day, for obligatory salat we have: Morning Dua islam time (fajr), afternoon prayer islam (zuhr, asr), night time (Maghrib, Ishaa) also other salah manager like: Azkar before sleep islam in Arabic, muslim Azkar juma, islamic Athkar for success/ when someone dies islam/Dua for forgiveness for protection/ for healing/ when travellingEtc

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how to perform salat or how to pray Islam contains five obligatory muslim practice (subh morning prayer , al uhr Al Asr Al Maghreb and Al Isha) and other occasional Douaa salah al aid (aid al fitr and aid al adha), salat Chafaa et al watr , salah istikhara, salah al janaza, salah al istiskae . etc, also mistakes to avoid in prayer (salah first / salat / sholat) for a correct and accepted islamic by God Insha Allah.

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Interactive app with the integration of audio tracks.

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It is obligatory upon all adult Muslims and highly suggested for children aged ten and above, to complete their daily prayers rendering to the method the Prophet (PBUH) did it in order for them to be effective. It is said that communication with Allah will carry life to the beseeching and bring them valor. Muslims have faith that Allah talks to us through the Holy Qur’an, and Salah is our way of connecting to Allah. Whether you’re just inquiring as to how Muslims pray or if you’re considering to study for yourself, it’s never too early to start.
It is must to be ritually pure before you go begin praying. If you’re not, it’s compulsory to perform Wudu “ablution” before you do. If since your previous prayer, you have urinated, defecated, passed gas, bled overly, or fallen asleep genuinely, you need to do wudu. Having cleaned yourself by Wudu, you may continue to make Salah. You must assure that you have an uncontaminated body, a tidy place to pray, and that you are wearing clean clothes.
The method to offer Salah has the following steps:
Stand straight fronting the Qiblah. This position is called Qiyam
Make Niyah (objective) in your heart for the prayer.
Elevate your hands to the level of your ears and say: Allah-u-Akbar (Allah is the Greatest).
Now put your right hand over your left one on the chest and look downward to that point where your forehead will touch the prayer mat in the Sujood (prostration) and narrate soundlessly:
“Subhanaka allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabara kasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka.” (O Allah, how impeccable You are and praise be to You. Sacred is Your name, and high is Your majesty. There is no god but You.)
Then recite Ta’awwudh and Tasmiyah:
“A’udhu billahi minash shaitanir rajim.”
(I seek out shelter in Allah from the forbidden Satan.)
“Bismillahir rahmanir rahim.”
(In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, the most Merciful.)
After this, narrate Suratul Fatihah (the initial chapter) of the Holy Quran
“Al hamdu lil lahi rabbil ‘alamin. Arrahmanir rahim. Maliki yawmiddin. Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’in. Ihdinas siratal mustaqim. Siratal ladhina an’amta’alaihim, ghairil maghdubi’alaihim wa lad dhallin. (Amin)”
(All admirations and appreciations be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the most Kind, the most Merciful; Chief of the Judgment day. You only we worship, from You only we pursue help. Direct us along the straight path – the path of those whom You preferred, not of those who earned Your anger or went amiss.)
Now narrate any other Surah from the Holy Qur’an.
For instance:
“Bismillahir rahmanir rahim
Qul hu wal lahu ahad, allahus samad, lam yalid wa lam yulad, wa lam ya kul lahu kufuwan ahad.”
(In the name of Allah, the most Kind, the most Merciful. Say, He is Allah, the One. Allah is Everlasting and Complete. He begets not, nor was He created. And there is none co-equal unto Him.)
Now bow down reciting: “Allahu Akbar” and put your hands on your knees and say: “Subhana Rabbiyal Adhim.”
(How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest)
Say this at least three times. This position is called Rukooh. Keep your head in line with your spine, and look down on the prayer mat.
Get back up from the previous position saying:
“Sami’Allahu liman hamidah”
(Allah hears those who praise Him)
“Rabbana lakal hamd.”
(Our Lord, praise be to You.)
Prostrate on the ground reciting: “Allahu Akbar” with your forehead, nose, palms of both hands, your knees, and toes all touching the ground.
Then recite: “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la.”
(How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest) three times.
This position is called Sujood.
Sit up from the ground saying Allahu Akbar and again prostrate in the Sujood position. Recite “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” three times. Sit up from this position reciting “Allahu Akbar.”
This completes the first Rak’ah of Salah. For the next Rak’ah you have to stand up and perform it likewise, only that you do not narrate Subhanaka at the start, and after the second Sujood you sit and say Tashahhud after raising the index finger.

“At-Tahiyyatu lillahi was- Salawatu wat-Tayyibatu As-Salamu alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. Assalamu ‘alaina wa’ala ibadil-Lahis -Salihinash hadu al-La ilaha il-Lal lahu wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu.”
(Greetings, prayers and goodness belong to Allah. Peace be on you, O Prophet and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be on us and on the righteous servants of Allah I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.)
In a three or four-Rak’ah Salah you stand up for the remaining Rak’ah(s) after you have done Tashahhud. For a two-Rak’ah Salah you remain seated after Tashahhud and then narrate Assalatul-Ibrahimiyah:
“Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin Wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin Kama sallaita ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ali Ibrahima wa barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin Kama barakta ‘ ala Ibrahima Wa ‘ ala ali Ibrahima Fil a’lamina Innaka hamidun Majid.”

(O Allah, let Your mercy come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You let it come upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Truly You are
Praiseworthy and Glorious.)
After this say:
Translation: “O Allah! I seek shelter in You from the nuisance of the Hellfire, from the nuisance of the grave, from the trials and illnesses of life and death, and from the trickery of the False-Christ. O my Lord! Grant me and my parents’ forgiveness, and grant Your mercy upon them, just as they brought me up when I was little.”
Now turn your face to the right saying: “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” and then to the left repeating the same words.
This completes the two Rakah Salah.



Praise be to Allah.

If you have resolved to stay in the place to which you are travelling for more than four days, then you come under the same ruling as a resident from the moment you arrive there, so you have to do what the residents do, i.e., offer the prayers in full, and it is not permissible for you to shorten them.

You may shorten the prayers during the journey, but when you reach the place you should offer the prayers in full, because you come under the same ruling as a resident.

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (8/99): The kind of travel for which the concession of travel is prescribed is that which is regarded as travel according to custom, and the distance is approximately eighty kilometers. Whoever travels this distance or more may avail himself of the concessions for travellers, such as wiping over his socks for three days and two nights, joining and shortening prayers, and not fasting during Ramadaan. If this traveller intends to stay in a place for more than four days, then he should not avail himself of the concessions for travellers. If he intends to stay there for four days or less, then he may avail himself of the concessions for travellers. If a traveller stays in a place but does not know when he will finish his business and cannot state a certain length of time for his stay, then he may avail himself of the concessions for travelling even if he stays for a long time. It makes no difference whether he travels by land or by sea. End quote.

With regard to joining prayers, it is permissible for a traveller to join Zuhr and ‘Asr, and Maghrib and ‘Isha’, at the time of the earlier or later prayer, depending on what is easiest for him. But it is better for him not to do that unless it is difficult for him to offer every prayer on time.

Based on that, you can join two prayers together during the journey, but when you reach the place where you intend to stay for a month, then you should offer every prayer on time.

See also the answer to question no. 49885.

You should remember that prayer in congregation is obligatory for travellers as well as others. This has been explained in the answer to question no. 40299, so try to pray in congregation in the mosque.

How do you combine salah?

For example, if you are combining Maghrib and Isha, do you pray the fard of Maghrib, the Sunnah of maghrib and then pray fard of Isha, Sunnah of Isha and Witr of Isha?

The question is in relation to ‘Is joining Maghrib and Isha salah together everyday for 2 months allowed?’ as I need to know how to combine prayer and I never combined prayer before.

How to pray in islam

3 Answers 3

I am not sure if the word “combine” is related to “Collection and concatenation” (Gama’ and Kasr) جمع و قصر for the prayers.

so let’s first explain what is collection and concatenation of prayers. it means that in some circumstances you are allowed to pray the four rakaa’ prayers like Zuhr, Asr and Isha’ in a short version of 2 prayer however it should be concatenated to another prayer.

for example you can pray Zuhr (2 rakaa’) followed by Asr (2 rakaa’) at the time of either one of them.

and you can pray Maghrib (3 rakaa’) followed by Ishaa (2 rakaa’) at the time of either one of them.

when combining two prayers you shouldn’t leave long period between two of them, as once you finish the prayer of the first one (Zuhr or Maghrib) start the Ikama call of the proceeding prayer (Maghrib or Ishaa).

When to combine prayers? During travel. to define traveling it means you travel for something that doesn’t contradict with Islam so the travel can’t be for the sake of doing something against Islam. the travel period should be equal to 3 days walking. (no matter how fast the modern method of transportation) a distance of 80 km is considered a travel so if you are traveling for a trip that is more that 80 km, you are allowed to combine prayers during the travel.

you actually combine prayer during the travel, not before you travel and after you reach your destination place you can still combine prayer for 3 more days.

in case you pray in group gamaa’ you will not combine the prayer and pray as the residents.

in case you mean to combine that for any reason you missed a prayer and the proceeding prayer time has come. you do pray the one on-time then do the one you missed after it not before. for example if you missed the Maghrib prayer and Ishaa azan has raised you do pray Ishaa first then Maghrib.