How to use an internet forum

How to use an internet forum

The Internet is a great place to find new information. One of the most common places for people to have conversations, ask questions, and provide answers is Internet forums. Also known as discussion boards, discussion groups, discussion forums and message boards, Internet forums are the original “social media” sites.

Started in the 1980s, Internet forums are community websites dedicated to the online exchange of information about virtually any subject you can imagine. It provides a venue where people with similar interests can discuss and debate various topics.

How Forums Work

In a standard Internet forum, a user creates a post. That post can be accessed by other users at any time. Posts can contain questions, opinions, images, videos, links, and more. Users can respond to the post, which creates a dialogue other users can participate in, also called a thread. They can start a new thread of conversation by creating a post on a different topic. All of these threads combine to make what’s called a message board.

Internet forums can be anonymous, or they can require registration. Typically, a comment made by a registered member holds more influence than an anonymous user. While registration with most Internet forums is free, they do require a valid email address. Registering in a forum lets you create a username and password, and you can add a small picture (called an avatar) to be displayed next to your comments and posts. You also have to agree to follow certain rules laid out by the forum’s administrators, and each forum can be different.

Following Proper Netiquette

Netiquette is a portmanteau meaning “Internet etiquette.” It’s a list of polite discussion behaviors that participants in an online forum expect from one another. Netiquette is enforced by the forum’s administrator or moderators, who have the power to approve/remove members and to modify/delete posts. Basic netiquette includes these 10 rules:

  1. Read the forum’s rules before posting for the first time.
  2. When commenting, stay on topic or start a new thread.
  3. Do not use an Internet forum simply to promote your own business or products.
  4. Be respectful of others.
  5. Use correct spelling and grammar; avoid slang and profanity. (However, some forums encourage their own jargon, terms and abbreviations.)
  6. Report abuse to an administrator or moderator, and don’t respond to abusive comments (a futile effort commonly known as “feeding the trolls.”)
  7. Do not post personal information that could be used to impersonate or endanger you or your loved ones.
  8. Do not use ALL CAPS in a post, as it is interpreted as shouting.
  9. Do not use a public thread to conduct a private conversation.
  10. Do not start a new post on a subject that’s already been covered.

There are thousands of Internet forums out there, about any topic you can think of. They are a great way for Internet users to get information and to have fun. Forums give you a place to share your knowledge and meet other people with similar hobbies. Go out and look for a forum, and join the conversation today!

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Online discussion forums have benefits at individual and society level.

They are positively linked to well-being for stigmatised group members.

Online discussion forum use is linked to offline civic engagement in related areas.

Identification with other forum users mediates the above relationships.

Online discussion forums are of greater applied importance than has been realized.


There has been much debate surrounding the potential benefits and costs of online interaction. The present research argues that engagement with online discussion forums can have underappreciated benefits for users’ well-being and engagement in offline civic action, and that identification with other online forum users plays a key role in this regard. Users of a variety of online discussion forums participated in this study. We hypothesized and found that participants who felt their expectations had been exceeded by the forum reported higher levels of forum identification. Identification, in turn, predicted their satisfaction with life and involvement in offline civic activities. Formal analyses confirmed that identification served as a mediator for both of these outcomes. Importantly, whether the forum concerned a stigmatized topic moderated certain of these relationships. Findings are discussed in the context of theoretical and applied implications.

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An online forum is a great place to discuss any particular topic with the like-minded people. These forums are internet-based group communities where you can start a discussion, or get an answer of your query or even search for new business prospects. These forums allow you to register with them and after that you can look into the answers to various questions written by others or you yourself can answer the questions. Almost every website these days has a small forum integrated in their own websites.

An online forum, or a message board, is a public place where you can drop any message, or discuss about any particular topic. In this article, we are going to discuss more about the public forums which are quite common and high in popularity.

Reddit − Reddit is a social news collection of web content along with ratings, and the discussion forum website. Reddit’s registered community members can submit the content on various topics in the form of text posts or direct links. The registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site’s pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called “subreddits”. The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others.

Stack Overflow − Stack Overflow is a quite popular question and answers based website for any type of computer programming related queries. It allows the access to both registered and guest users. The users can ask or answer the questions and can discuss various alternate answers. The users of stack overflow can earn reputation points and badges on the basis of positive and negative votes received on the answers.

Quora − Quora is a question and answer community where users can ask any logical and absurd question in the forum. Users can collaborate by editing questions and suggesting edits to other users’ answers. The website was made available in 2010 and slowly making its charm all around. It is one of the most popular website.

How to use an internet forum

India-Forums − IndiaForums is one of the biggest discussion forums. It was started in December 2003 and since then, making waves with the television viewers across the globe. The users can discuss on various television serials and provide their views. India-Forums started as television discussion forum has branched out to several other sections like Bollywood, Celebrity Interview, Internet Radio, Fan Clubs, Debate Mansion, Sports, Books Talk, Fashion News update and Gizmo Talks.

How to use an internet forum

Yahoo Groups − In Yahoo Groups, people can collaborate and discuss on various topics under varied categories. The other users can give positive and negative vote on various answers. The guest users can see the answers but to answer the questions, the users need to be registered with Yahoo!

Google Answers − Google Answers was active in 2002 till 2006. Currently, it is not accepting any new questions but you can still browse through the already posted questions. It was quite popular and for a good answer, a user/client can leave a tip till $100 for someone who has given an accurate answer. It is closed down in December 2006, but the archives are still available.

How to use an internet forum

Something Awful − Something Awful, also known as SA, is a comedy website accommodation a variety of web content, that includes blog entries, forums, feature articles, digitally edited pictures, and humorous media reviews. It is a big contributor for trending the internet culture.

Askubuntu − Askubuntu is again a question and answers website to handle all the queries related to uBuntu operating system. It works in a similar manner as stack overflow and is part of the same. Members gain reputation based on the community’s response to their questions and answers. Reputation signifies trust for users in the answers they give. Privileges are given based on reputation levels, with users with the highest reputation having similar privileges to moderators.

TripAdvisor − For travel lovers, TripAdvisor is a forum where the users can ask travel-related queries. They can also check the reviews of the hotels, locations and travel options. The users can discuss, or post the comments, take precautions and can give suggestions along with the real pictures to give good information.

How to use an internet forum

Experts-Exchange − Experts Exchange is a paid web portal where the users can post their technology related questions and expect the answers. The skilled members of the forum are quite efficient in responding to the queries giving quite accurate answers to their queries. It allows you to network and collaborate with Technical experts. It gives the users a 30-day trial access and the paid account.

There are many more forums available to get the answers for your queries, or to just discuss on your favourite topic. We have just covered few of the online forums. There are multiple more forums available. The purpose of being in online forum is to collaborate, discuss and interact with the like minded people across the world.

Today we’re going to answer a question we get asked a lot.

“Why do people use forums?”

Well, lots of reasons, but let’s start with why you should care.

Forums are unique among social media – they’re places of anonymous discussion. As such they show us a more personal, intimate and meaningful side of life.

Which is pretty useful when you’re trying to understand people, develop personas, target new audiences and work out how to tell your story in a more compelling way.

Why do we think this? Let’s start at the beginning.

What is a forum?

Sure you know this, but we never assume!

A forum is a place online where people can post questions, ideas or thoughts. It’s a way of starting a conversation, about something important to you, that you hope other people will engage with and respond to.

Other people can then come along and reply to your post, or just read it (the lurkers).

Why do people use them?

We’ve noticed four common factors that drive people’s use of forums (irrespective of the topic) which can often become bound by closer by friendship:

How to use an internet forum

  • Anonymity : is important for many. You chose any username you like and only share what you want to. It’s much less personal, which allows people to be much more intimate. No one knows who you are or where you’re from – which gives you the freedom to be much more open, unguarded and honest than ‘in real life’.
  • Similarity : successful forums work because they reflect the interests and needs of the people who use them. Mums want to talk to Mums. Petrol heads want to talk to other petrol heads. Amateur chefs want to talk to other amateur chefs. We like ‘people like us’. We feel a shared connection, a sense of trust and understanding.
  • Specificity : forums let us share very specific parts of our lives or questions we have with others. It’s the mundane (how do I get rid of spiders), to the intensely profound (how can I tell my kids I’ve got cancer). It allows us to ask very specific questions to people who are likely to know what you mean and how to answer.
  • Connectivity : when our immediate network can’t help, forums connect us to strangers who understand what we’re talking about, how we feel and what we need. It’s a North Star, guiding those on a similar journey to the same path.
  • Friendship : it tends to be easier to get on with people like us. Forums make this happen. We’ve seen loads of examples of threads lighting up with people jumping into conversations to support each other (my favourite is still this one on Mumsnet: OMG I fancy the gardener). They have a laugh, they have a cry, they meet up in real life. They become friends.

What does this mean for consumer insight?

These conversations are public, letting you observe how people want to talk about what matters to them . Not just what you want to ask them. It’s a profound shift in how we can learn about the world.

Its usefulness comes from this rawness, but also in the ability to look at these conversations en masse. You can learn from thousands of different perspectives on the same topic. Opening your decision making to a much broader view of the world.

Practically speaking it means you can:

  • Answer the questions left unanswered by other approaches,
  • Check for anything else that might be missed (that sits outside the edges),
  • Sense check what you’ve seen and heard elsewhere,
  • Add depth and a richer understanding of lived, raw experience that might be filtered out and censored through other methods.
  • Point to the questions you didn’t know you needed to start asking?
  • Look at the interactions, the social dynamics you can’t see in other research.

This is where new insight comes from. This is what we do and we’d love to have a chat about how you could benefit from it.

About L+LR

We are the Social Insights agency.

We make social data simple. Simple for you to know what’s meaningful, to find new insights, to see opportunities and to spark inspiration.

We’ll help you use social to find and understand the people that matter to you. So you can create the right experiences, engage new audiences and appeal to people in the best way.

People are busy, we’ll help you become something they want to be part of.

The Safer Internet Forum is the key annual international conference on child online safety in Europe.

How to use an internet forum

The Safer Internet Forum is the key annual international conference on child online safety in Europe under the European Strategy for a Better Internet for Children (‘BIK strategy’). Each year, usually in November, the Safer Internet Forum brings together stakeholders from countries all over Europe, and sometimes beyond, to discuss the latest trends, risks and solutions related to child online safety and the impact of technology on individuals and society.

This event, which mostly takes place in Brussels, is organised by the contractor of the Better Internet for Kids Portal on behalf of the European Commission DG CONNECT. In 2021, as was the case in 2020, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the forum is organised as an online event spread over several days with a focus on exploring how to make Europe’s Digital Decade fit for children and young people. The 2021 event is one of the milestones towards a new BIK strategy, planned for 2022. More information on the event is available on the forum website.

Since its first edition in 2004, the forum has attracted around 300 participants each year, and twice as many in an online setting, including representatives from national Safer Internet Centres, ministries, governments and European Institutions. It is also attended by parents, teachers, carers, academics, researchers, social workers, industry partners and NGOs.

One feature of the forum is direct involvement of young people through the BIK Youth Panel, who present their ideas for a better and safer internet and the results of their co-creation processes, taking place throughout the year.

During its history, the forum has covered a variety of topics and themes, reflecting the changes and associated challenges in the digital world:

  • 2021: ‘Shaping a #DigitalDecade4YOUth – how to make Europe’s Digital Decade fit for children and young people’
  • 2020: ’Digital (dis)advantage: creating an inclusive world for children and young people online’
  • 2019: ‘From online violence to digital respect’
  • 2018: ‘The impact of technology on children, young people and society’
  • 2017: ‘From children’s tech to resilient youth – how to foster well-being online?’
  • 2016: ‘Be the change: principles, policies and practices for a better internet’
  • 2015: ‘Breaking down barriers for a better internet’
  • 2014: ‘Growing up digitally’
  • 2013: ‘A Better Internet with YOU(th)’
  • 2012 topic: Safer/better internet is a shared responsibility between all of us
  • 2011: ‘Every European Child Digital Safely – Emerging challenges and youth engagement’
  • 2010: ‘Online opportunities and risks’
  • 2009: ‘Promoting online safety in schools’
  • 2008 topics: Social networking and children, age verification, children’s use of online technologies and media rating
  • 2007 topics: Online-related sexual abuse of children, awareness raising and convergence of online technologies
  • 2006 topics: Children’s use of new media and blocking access to illegal content
  • 2005: ‘Child safety and mobile phones’
  • 2004: ‘Towards a European Code of Conduct for Internet Service Providers– protection of minors’

All details, discussions, conclusions and recommendations from the events can be found on the dedicated Safer Internet Forum website on the portal.

Follow the latest progress and learn more about getting involved.

How to use an internet forum

Escape email
& chat silos

Engage in searchable discussions with your customers, superfans,
and team members.

How to use an internet forum

Work better,

Create a self-service hub of common questions, interesting ideas, and useful discussion.

How to use an internet forum

Discuss more,
moderate less

Our automatic trust system lets the whole community help cultivate fruitful conversation.

How to use an internet forum

Choose your
own adventure

Customize the style, integrate your favorite services, and create the community you need.

Managed forum hosting from $100/month

Discourse is 100% free, open source forum software. Forever.

Do you run an open source project?

“The wide range of Discourse tools, as well as its intelligence that comes out of the box, made it possible for our community to thrive”

Who’s using it

Car Talk uses Discourse as a forum for their thousands of loyal listeners and readers. We dare you to come up with a question about cars that can not be answered on their forum of experts & avid hobbyists.

Discourse is flat out amazing. It’s powerful, reliable, and flexible. We transitioned from another provider a year ago and never looked back. We’ve only just started to tap into its versatility. And— oh, the best part? They’re great folks who are smart and listen to our needs. (Thank you, Jeff and Neil!)

How to use an internet forum

Frostbite is a game engine originally developed by EA DICE for its Battlefield series. Frostbite uses Discourse as a private forum to discuss company-specific internal technologies and toolsets.

Traditionally, most of our communication has been done via mailing lists, but as our community has grown over the past few years the mailing list model has increasingly become a hurdle for us for many types of communication, for a variety of reasons. This topic on Meta gives a nice overview of why a particular sub-community inside Frostbite really prefers Discourse over mailing lists.

How to use an internet forum

Western Digital uses Discourse as a public support forum for their product line.

(. ) The more we get to know the Discourse platform, the more we fall in love with it. It’s simple and intuitive, but much more powerful than you imagine. We don’t know how many times we got lost cruising around checking out all the features. And, as a plus, we really enjoy working with the Discourse team.

CCP Games uses Discourse for EVE Online. There, EVE gamers can follow announcements, suggest features, report technical issues and discuss game balance.

Excellent API support, comfortable to manage, extendable through plugins and very easy in use

You are viewing Ultra Course View content

In discussions, you can share thoughts and ideas about class materials. In Blackboard Learn, course members can have the thoughtful discussions that take place in the traditional classroom, but with the advantages of asynchronous communication. Participants don’t need to be in the same location or time zone, and you can take the time to consider your responses carefully.

You can use discussions for these tasks:

  • Meet with your peers for collaboration and social interaction.
  • Pose questions about homework assignments, readings, and course content.
  • Demonstrate your understanding or application of course material.

The following narrated video provides a visual and auditory representation of some of the information included on this page. For a detailed description of what is portrayed in the video, open the video on YouTube, navigate to More actions , and select Open transcr

Open a discussion

Discussions are an online forum about course concepts. Your instructor may expect you to create your own discussions and participate in existing ones. Your instructor can also grade your contributions.

Your instructor can also create a group discussion for you to discuss a topic with a group of your classmates.

If your instructor added due dates for graded discussions, you can open discussions from your Grades pages, the calendar, and the activity stream.

How to use an internet forum

From a course, select the Discussions icon on your course’s navigation bar. Select the discussion from the list that appears. Discussions can also appear alongside other course materials on the Course Content page.

Discussions in the Ultra Course View don’t use forums and threads.

How to use an internet forum

Each time you open a discussion, new responses and replies appear with “New” to show any activity that’s happened since your last visit.

Above the Participants list in the Author section, you can see who created the discussion.

How to use an internet forum

Post a response first

Your instructor may require you to respond to a discussion before you can read other responses and replies. When you “post first,” you aren’t influenced by your classmates’ responses. When you open this type of discussion, a message appears: Post a response to see discussion activity. You can’t view discussion activity yet. Responses and replies appear when you post a response.

The Participants list won’t show the number of others’ responses and replies until you post a response.

How to use an internet forum

Create a discussion

You can create discussions for your classmates to participate in. Your instructor can delete any discussions, responses, and replies.

If allowed by your instructor, you can create discussions for your classmates to participate in. Your instructor can delete any discussions, responses, and replies.

  1. In your course, select the Discussions icon on the navigation bar.
  2. Select the plus sign in the upper-right corner to open the menu. If the plus sign doesn’t appear, you aren’t allowed to create discussions.
  3. In the menu, select Add Discussion . Your discussion appears at the top of the list. Only your instructor can move it in the list or add it to a folder.

How to use an internet forum

How to use an internet forum

To use your keyboard to jump to the editor toolbar, press ALT + F10. On a Mac, press Fn + ALT + F10. Use the arrow keys to select an option, such as a numbered list.

  • Select Save .
  • On the main Discussions page, your discussion title appears with the label Created by student .

    When course members open your discussion, you’re listed as the author in the side panel.

    How to use an internet forum

    You may edit or delete your own posts and may delete your own discussions if no one has responded.

    Internet Governance Forum

    The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) serves to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other. The IGF facilitates a common understanding of how to maximize Internet opportunities and address risks and challenges that arise.

    For more information on IGF please refer to the following documents:

    In the resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on 16 December 2015, (70/125) ‘Outcome document of the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on the overall review of the implementation of the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society’, the existing mandate of the IGF as set out in paragraphs 72 to 78 of the Tunis Agenda was extended for another 10 years.

    IGF Mandate

    Paragraph 72 of the Tunis Agenda:

    72. We ask the UN Secretary-General, in an open and inclusive process, to convene, by the second quarter of 2006, a meeting of the new forum for multi-stakeholder policy dialogue—called the Internet Governance Forum (IGF). The mandate of the Forum is to:

    • Discuss public policy issues related to key elements of Internet governance in order to foster the sustainability, robustness, security, stability and development of the Internet;
    • Facilitate discourse between bodies dealing with different cross-cutting international public policies regarding the Internet and discuss issues that do not fall within the scope of any existing body;
    • Interface with appropriate inter-governmental organizations and other institutions on matters under their purview;
    • Facilitate the exchange of information and best practices, and in this regard make full use of the expertise of the academic, scientific and technical communities;
    • Advise all stakeholders in proposing ways and means to accelerate the availability and affordability of the Internet in the developing world;
    • Strengthen and enhance the engagement of stakeholders in existing and/or future Internet governance mechanisms, particularly those from developing countries;
    • Identify emerging issues, bring them to the attention of the relevant bodies and the general public, and, where appropriate, make recommendations;
    • Contribute to capacity building for Internet governance in developing countries, drawing fully on local sources of knowledge and expertise;
    • Promote and assess, on an ongoing basis, the embodiment of WSIS principles in Internet governance processes;
    • Discuss, inter alia, issues relating to critical Internet resources;
    • Help to find solutions to the issues arising from the use and misuse of the Internet, of particular concern to everyday users;
    • Publish its proceedings

    Explore analysis, benchmarking tools, podcasts, and presentations. (And trust it’s good stuff because it’s curated by the experts at TeleGeography.)

    How to use an internet forum


    Moving the Middle Mile Forward

    “SD-WAN provides a strong foundation by delivering an intelligent edge that can utilize low-cost internet connectivity and steer traffic via the most appropriate backbone path. Middle mile products become most valuable when delivered on top of this SD-WAN foundation.”

    New on the Pod 🎧

    Our readers likely know about NaaS: cloud-based network architecture that allows a WAN manager to stitch together different enterprise network components in a self-service, automated way. It only seemed fitting that we welcome back Jason Gintert, CTO and Co-Founder of WAN Dynamics, to the pod to break it all down.

    Come for the network-as-a-service talk, stay for Greg’s proposed new pronunciation of “NaaS” and the pair’s take on if the private WAN is disappearing (gasp).

    Catch up on all our pods over here.

    ICYMI: Adjusting to Your New Hybrid Workforce

    If you missed our last live chat, you missed out on intel on corporate plans for returning to the workplace. Catch up on underlay decision-making and related pricing considerations with this presentation. And watch the full panel discussion over here.


    To prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms.


    A world in which the technology sector marshals its collective creativity and capacity to render terrorists and violent extremists ineffective online.


    In every aspect of our work, we aim to be transparent, inclusive, and respectful of the fundamental and universal human rights that terrorists and violent extremists seek to undermine.

    Terrorist and violent extremist exploitation of the Internet threatens open societies everywhere.

    The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) is an NGO designed to prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms. Founded by Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and YouTube in 2017, the Forum was established to foster technical collaboration among member companies, advance relevant research, and share knowledge with smaller platforms. Since 2017, GIFCT’s membership has expanded beyond the founding companies to include over a dozen diverse platforms committed to cross-industry efforts to counter the spread of terrorist and violent extremist content online.

    These efforts have evolved in conjunction with the Christchurch Call to Action , an initiative that governments, tech platforms, and civil society organizations committed to after the March 2019 mosque shootings in Christchurch, New Zealand and viral spread of the perpetrator’s live-streamed video of the attack. In addition to the Christchurch Call, tech companies also signed onto a nine-point plan designed to support industry efforts to eliminate terrorist and violent extremist content online. At an UNGA side event led by New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and French President Emmanuel Macron in September 2019, the founding companies announced that GIFCT would spin off as an independent 501(c)(3) with its own dedicated technology, counterterrorism, and operations teams.

    Four foundational goals guide the newly independent organization’s work:

    1. Empower a broad range of technology companies, independently and collectively, with processes and tools to prevent and respond to abuse of their platforms by terrorists and violent extremists
    2. Enable multi-stakeholder engagement around terrorist and violent extremist misuse of the Internet and encourage stakeholders to meet key commitments consistent with the GIFCT mission
    3. Promote civil dialogue online and empower efforts to direct positive alternatives to the messages of terrorists and violent extremists
    4. Advance broad understanding of terrorist and violent extremist operations and their evolution, including the intersection of online and offline activities.

    The dates for the IEEE WFIoT2022 has been changed to 26 October–11 November 2022. The conference will be held as a hybrid conference consisting of both Virtual Live Online and Face-Face sessions where the Face-Face sessions will take place between October 31 and November 4 at PACIFICO Yokohama North.

    The 8th IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (IEEE WFIoT2022) is the premier event of the Multi-Society IEEE IoT Initiative . You will find a comprehensive and exciting program that brings the latest developments from industry, the business world, the public sector, and the research community. The World Forum attracts the most prominent people from across the breath of the IoT ecosystem, the latest news of significant innovations and advances from the academic community, and shared experiences from practitioners and end-users about the successes and challenges of IoT deployments. The World Forum is all about the nurture and promotion of IoT for the benefit of society and humanity. The conference is focused on the betterment of life through the responsible and ethical adoption of IoT technologies, applications, and solutions.

    The Theme for the World Forum is “Sustainability and the Internet of Things”. You will find that the discussion and dialog at the conference will emphasize presentations and panels addressing the four pillars of sustainability: human, social, economic, and environmental. The World Forum will specifically focus on how technical IoT applications and solutions contribute to the seventeen Sustainability Development Goals that were developed in the UN Brundtland Report.

    The IEEE WFIoT2022 will be held as a hybrid conference consisting of both Virtual Live Online and Face-Face sessions, that include local and remote presence. In view of the guidance about the COVID Pandemic and continued restrictions on international travel we have elected to hold the conference and all its components in their entirety. In doing so we will provide all participants with a safe and convenient way to be involved. At the same time, we will program the World Forum to be highly interactive with sessions timed to encourage broad participation from around the Globe.

    IEEE WFIoT2022 brings together experts in IoT from around the world and the diverse community of stakeholders that make up the IoT ecosystem. Today that touches almost all sectors of the world economy. The World Forum will cover the breadth of activities, technologies, and applications in IoT reflecting the vast range of interests and investment in IoT and its building blocks with the following set of programs:

    – Plenary Program addresses all registrants for the IEEE WFIoT2022. It consists of speeches and presentations from the foremost technologists and industry leaders in IoT, in key subject areas critical to the success and acceptance of IoT.

    – The Technical Paper Program is the main technical track aimed at the Research and Academic community and consists of Technical peer reviewed papers with an emphasis on novel and original results and advanced ideas important and relevant to IoT and its future.

    – Special Sessions consist of peer-reviewed papers and interactive presentations focused on a selected “hot” research topics of importance to IoT.

    – Workshops consist of peer-reviewed papers, presentations, panel discussions, and summary results about advanced and important topics relevant to IoT.

    – Masters/PhD Forum and Student Paper Contest (MP) is a program for graduate students entering careers in IoT, where the participants propose and discuss brand-new ideas addressing issues related to IoT.

    – Industry Forums consists of presentations and panel discussions aimed at research topics important to industrial and business related IoT issues.

    – Tutorials will provide detailed technical information about key technologies essential for developing IoT-related hardware, software, systems, and operations.

    – Vertical and Topical Tracks cover designated topics important to IoT in general and to the host region. Leading experts will lead interactive presentations, focused on topics of importance to IoT practitioners, addressing aspects of actual IoT implementation, adoption, deployment, and operation.

    – Women in Engineering (WIE) Forum facilitates discussion about topics related to women in the IoT community, in areas that affect industry, the public sector, and the research community.

    – Young and Professionals (YP) Forum provides a world-wide opportunity for networking, information sharing, and exchange of opinions among young professionals in research and academia, business, industry, and in engineering practice.

    – Entrepreneurial Forum will brings together startups, small and medium business owners, incubator organizations, and venture capitalists, to share experience that will help manage and grow and successful IoT companies.

    Important Dates

    Proposal submissions for Special Sessions, Workshops and Industry Forums
    25 April 2022

    Proposal submissions for Vertical and Topical Track:
    11 April 2022

    Proposal submissions for Tutorials:
    25 April 2022

    Paper submissions for Masters/PhD Forum and Student Paper Contest:
    13 June 2022

    Submissions for speaker nominations for Women in Engineering Forum, Young and Professionals Forum and Entrepreneurial Forum:
    13 June 2022

    Technical Paper Submissions:
    13 June 2022

    Paper submissions for Special Sessions and Workshops:
    13 June 2022

    Paper submissions accompanying Vertical and Topical Track presentations:
    13 June 2022

    Acceptance Notification:
    8 July 2022

    Camera-Ready Paper Submission Deadline:
    31 July 2022


    • Plenary Program
    • Special Sessions
    • Workshops
    • Industry Forum
    • Tutorials
    • Masters/PhD Forum and Student Paper Contest
    • Vertical and Topical Tracks
    • Women in Engineering Forum
    • Young Professionals Forum
    • Entrepreneurial Forum

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    Follow Dunstan, @dunstanhope, on Twitter

    The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT)—a multi-stakeholder effort founded by Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and YouTube—launched in 2017 with a mission to prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms.

    In late 2020, GIFCT commissioned BSR to undertake a human rights assessment of its strategy, governance, and actions. Today, we are publishing the final report.

    Our assessment used a methodology based on the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs). Given the role of governments in GIFCT, we considered the first pillar of the UNGPs (the state duty to protect human rights), as well as the second and third pillars (the corporate responsibility to respect and access to remedy). The scope of our assessment was GIFCT itself, not the actions of individual GIFCT member companies, and our assessment was primarily forward looking in focus rather than a review of prior activities.

    GIFCT is a young and newly independent organization that appointed its first executive director in mid-2020. In that context, we appreciate GIFCT’s foresight for undertaking a human rights assessment at such an early stage in its evolution, and we trust that our assessment provides a framework for the integration of human rights into the strategy, governance, and actions of GIFCT over the coming years.

    The full assessment is organized around nine themes, makes 47 recommendations for GIFCT, and is intended to provide useful insights for the counterterrorism field overall. Here, we emphasize five key points:

    • GIFCT mission and goals: The purpose of GIFCT is to prevent terrorists and violent extremists from exploiting digital platforms, and in doing so, GIFCT enhances the protection, fulfillment, and realization of human rights—in other words, human rights for GIFCT should be about more than “avoiding harm” while pursuing its mission. GIFCT would benefit from a clearer description of the interdependent relationship between human rights and its mission that conveys human rights as a deeply embedded, complementary, and reinforcing objective in counterterrorism and violent extremism efforts.
    • Terrorist and violent extremist content: The lack of consensus around definitions of terrorist and violent extremist content, and the prevalence of bias in the counterterrorism field—manifested in a disproportionate focus on Islamist extremist content—influence GIFCT’s human rights impacts. The multi-stakeholder status of GIFCT provides an opportunity to create a common understanding of terrorist and violent extremist content based on “behavior” rather than “group.” We recommended that GIFCT explore the potential benefits of this common understanding, such as pushing back against overbroad definitions deployed by governments, improving the capability of smaller companies to establish their own definitions, and creating a bulwark against “slippery slope” definitions that may extend too far into other forms of speech.
    • GIFCT membership: We encountered considerable debate around whether GIFCT should increase its company membership, especially with companies headquartered outside the U.S. Given the UNGPs’ emphasis on prioritizing the most severe human rights impacts, we recommended that a human rights-based approach should focus on the locations where impacts are most severe rather than where they have the highest profile. By making a proactive effort to engage more with companies and organizations outside the U.S. and Europe, GIFCT will be better positioned to achieve its mission through more engagement with companies and organizations outside the U.S. and Europe. However, expanding GIFCT membership also presents human rights risks, and we make several recommendations for GIFCT membership criteria, such as a public commitment to the International Bill of Human Rights and the UNGPs.
    • Stakeholder engagement: GIFCT contains some features of a multi-stakeholder initiative (i.e. non-companies actively participate in the work of GIFCT) but lacks others (i.e. decision-making power rests solely with companies). However, stakeholder engagement plays a central role in a human rights-based approach, so we recommended that GIFCT’s work would benefit from a more deliberate integration of affected stakeholders into its work, including by broadening the range of groups engaged and clarifying the role of governments in GIFCT. GIFCT would also be strengthened by increasing its interaction with the UN Special Procedures system, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the UN Office of Counter-Terrorism.
    • Governance, accountability, and transparency: We conclude that GIFCT’s Operating Board, which currently consists of four founding member companies, is not a sustainable model over the medium and long term and recommend that GIFCT consider the merits of transitioning to a multi-stakeholder decision-making model two years from now. We also made several recommendations to clarify, strengthen, and formalize the role of GIFCT’s Independent Advisory Committee (IAC). Given GIFCT’s connection to human rights impacts exists primarily through the actions of member companies, we placed special emphasis on the transparency requirements of GIFCT member companies, in addition to GIFCT itself.

    BSR’s assessment makes recommendations in several other important areas, such as restrictions, controls, and oversight mechanisms to address the risk of overbroad removal of content by companies making use of GIFCT resources and developing a GIFCT point of view on what policies, actions, and strategies governments should deploy that would address the exploitation of digital platforms by terrorists and violent extremists in a rights-respecting manner.

    The UNGPs emphasize the importance of ongoing human rights due diligence rather than a single “moment in time” assessment. In this spirit, we hope that our assessment increases the “connective tissue” across different segments of GIFCT’s work—such as the Operating Board, IAC, and working groups—and provides a foundation upon which GIFCT can grow.


    Lindsey Andersen, Associate Director, Human Rights, BSR

    Lindsey works at the intersection of technology and human rights, helping both tech and non-tech companies identify and address human rights impacts associated with the development and use of technology and effectively incorporate business and human rights practices. Her focus areas include content governance, end-use risks of tech products and services, and the implications of artificial intelligence (AI) and other emerging… Read More

    Follow Lindsey, @Linds_Anders, on Twitter

    Susan Morgan, Senior Advisor, BSR

    Susan has over 20 years of experience working in the public and private sectors and philanthropy. Her focus is the societal impact of technology. Now a freelance consultant, she was the first Executive Director of the Global Network Initiative, a D.C.-based multi-stakeholder initiative focused on the responsibilities of technology companies to protect the free expression and privacy rights of their users when receiving… Read More

    Dunstan leads BSR’s work at the intersection of technology and human rights. Previously, Dunstan led BSR’s information and communications technology, heavy manufacturing, and human rights teams. He brings significant experience working on a diverse range of engagements and issues, including human rights due diligence, privacy and freedom of expression, sustainability reporting and strategy, and stakeholder engagement. Dunstan facilitated the multistakeholder process of developing global… Read More


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    It is heartening to learn that about $30 million was given out in rebates to buyers of fully electric cars and taxis, and that in the second half of last year, 7.2 per cent of total new car registrations were electric vehicles ($30m in rebates given out last year in EV early adoption scheme, Jan 11).

    Car owners are indeed heeding the Government’s call to phase out internal combustion engines.

    I am also seeing a small number of authorised dealers removing certificate of entitlement (COE) premiums from car package prices.

    This makes it possible for someone to bid for and successfully secure a COE before committing to a car purchase, and is a step in the right direction.

    However, I do question why individuals still have to go to an ATM to submit a bid for a COE, with Internet banking available only to corporate account holders.

    Perhaps the Land Transport Authority could revisit this issue.

    How to use an internet forum

    How to use an internet forum

    How to use an internet forum

    How to use an internet forum

    • Billions of people are going online to stay in touch during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    • But almost half of the world’s population has no access to the internet.
    • Fewer than 1 in 5 people in the least developed countries are connected.
    • This digital divide impacts women more than men.

    From schools setting coursework online to office staff working from home, the internet is the answer to many coronavirus lockdown problems. But what about the billions of people who can’t get online?

    Have you read?

    • How governments and mobile operators are easing network congestion during the COVID-19 crisis
    • 3 campaigns spreading the joy of reading to children at home
    • Working from home? Here are 5 tips for a more human digital experience

    Among the many inequalities exposed by COVID-19, the digital divide is not only one of the most stark, but also among the most surprising. Even in developed countries, internet access is often lower than you might think.

    Take the United States for example. More than 6% of the population (21 million people) have no high-speed connection. In Australia, the figure is 13%. Even in the world’s richest countries, the web can’t keep everyone connected.

    Globally, only just over half of households (55%) have an internet connection, according to UNESCO. In the developed world, 87% are connected compared with 47% in developing nations, and just 19% in the least developed countries.

    How to use an internet forum

    Offline world

    In total, 3.7 billion people have no internet access. The majority are in poorer countries, where the need to spread information about how to combat COVID-19 is most urgent. Migrants and the poorest are most vulnerable to the virus, says the World Health Organization (WHO).

    More than one billion children across the globe are currently locked out of classrooms because of quarantine measures. No matter that teachers are running daily online classes – many of these children simply cannot take part.

    Working from home is only a reality for service sector workers and administrators. But, as figures show, not all of them will be able to connect. Even then, they may find that their connectivity is affected by the sheer volume of people using the web.

    US-based M-Labs, which monitors global internet speeds, says that in spite of reassurances from internet service providers that networks are coping with the extra load, broadband speeds have been slowing in some areas.

    What is the World Economic Forum doing about the coronavirus outbreak?

    Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic requires global cooperation among governments, international organizations and the business community, which is at the centre of the World Economic Forum’s mission as the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.

    Since its launch on 11 March, the Forum’s COVID Action Platform has brought together 1,667 stakeholders from 1,106 businesses and organizations to mitigate the risk and impact of the unprecedented global health emergency that is COVID-19.

    The platform is created with the support of the World Health Organization and is open to all businesses and industry groups, as well as other stakeholders, aiming to integrate and inform joint action.

    As an organization, the Forum has a track record of supporting efforts to contain epidemics. In 2017, at our Annual Meeting, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) was launched – bringing together experts from government, business, health, academia and civil society to accelerate the development of vaccines. CEPI is currently supporting the race to develop a vaccine against this strand of the coronavirus.

    America’s unconnected millions

    In the US, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) says that estimates of the number of Americans without internet access may be understated. A 2017 Congress report said 12 million American children were growing up in homes that had no internet connection.

    Microsoft President Brad Smith has pointed out that 19 million unconnected households in America are in rural areas. Research for the company’s rural internet project Airband suggests more than 157 million Americans don’t use the internet at broadband speeds.

    “Without a proper broadband connection, these communities can’t start or run a modern business, access telemedicine, take an online class, digitally transform their farm or research a school project online,” says Smith.

    UNESCO and the ITU’s Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development set a target of connecting 75% of the world’s population to fast internet via cable or wireless by 2025. Although uptake of mobile technology is rising in the developing world, the costs of mobile internet are higher.

    Africa’s expensive data

    In sub-Saharan Africa, one gigabit (GB) of data – enough to stream a standard-definition film for one hour – costs nearly 40% of the average monthly wage.

    According to the World Bank, 85% of Africans live on less than $5.50 a day. Small wonder, then, that most find themselves cut off by the digital divide. And it’s not just a problem in developing nations. In Australia, almost a third of less well-off homes have no internet connection.

    South Africa has made access to its COVID-19 website free of charge, with no data or airtime required, and local broadband provider Telkom has done the same for educational websites and sites providing coronavirus updates, such as the National Institute for Communicable Diseases.

    But free access or not, UNESCO says that there remains a significant digital gender divide. Across 10 countries in Africa, Asia and South America, women are 30-50% less likely than men to use the internet to participate in public life. Globally, women are 23% less likely than men to use mobile internet. The gap is widest in South Asia, followed by sub-Saharan Africa.

    I am planning to have a place on my website for people to discuss things. There they will be able to discuss many topics related to the site’s purpose. I am confused how I should call it because many websites use the word forum, and others use forums, but both are places where people can discuss about many things.

    According to Wikipedia, “An Internet forum, or message board, is an online discussion site where people can hold conversations in the form of posted messages.” But I am still unclear whether I should use the plural forums, or the singular forum

    Some examples that confuse me are

    Please help with this

    • purplecabbagefan

    purplecabbagefan Some examples that confuse me are

    Please help with this

    Consider this. The original name of this site was going to be (singular).

    However, as I heard the story, that name had already been taken, so they changed it to (plural).

    So sometimes the plural comes into play for reasons completely unrelated to the entity you’re trying to name.

    It sounds to me like you’re planning just one forum, not several separated by topic, so I’d go with ‘forum’.

    Bhuvan Discussion Forum – Terms of use

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    Our forums are powered by phpBB (hereinafter “they”, “them”, “their”, “phpBB software”, “”, “phpBB Limited”, “phpBB Teams”) which is a bulletin board solution released under the “GNU General Public License v2” (hereinafter “GPL”) and can be downloaded from The phpBB software only facilitates internet based discussions; phpBB Limited is not responsible for what we allow and/or disallow as permissible content and/or conduct. For further information about phpBB, please see:

    You agree not to post any abusive, obscene, vulgar, slanderous, hateful, threatening, sexually-orientated or any other material that may violate any laws be it of your country, the country where “Bhuvan Discussion Forum” is hosted or International Law. Doing so may lead to you being immediately and permanently banned, with notification of your Internet Service Provider if deemed required by us. The IP address of all posts are recorded to aid in enforcing these conditions. You agree that “Bhuvan Discussion Forum” have the right to remove, edit, move or close any topic at any time should we see fit. As a user you agree to any information you have entered to being stored in a database. While this information will not be disclosed to any third party without your consent, neither “Bhuvan Discussion Forum” nor phpBB shall be held responsible for any hacking attempt that may lead to the data being compromised.

    How to use an internet forum

    The IGF 2021 will be attended by the UN Secretary General António Guterres, the European Commission Vice-President Margrethe Vestager, several ministers of digitisation from all over the world, business representatives from different continents, and activists from non-governmental organisations and academic communities. The most important decisions regarding the future of the Internet will be made during that event.

    Important event

    The UN Internet Governance Forum – IGF 2021 will take place from 6th to 10th December 2021 at the International Congress Centre in Katowice (Plac S�awika i Antalla 1).

    The headline of this year’s Internet Governance Forum is Internet United, which means open, free and undivided Internet where users have their rights. This year’s event will be the 16th edition of the IGF.

    Check out the programme

    We already know the programme of the main phase of the Internet Governance Forum (7th – 10th December) and the so-called “Day Zero” (6th December). In total, it comprises over 300 different activities, including workshops, open discussion forums, group sessions, and networking sessions. The programme also includes high-level debates in which the representatives of countries and international organisations will participate, and a parliamentary session.

    The programme of the UN Internet Governance Forum – IGF 2021 also includes workshops proposed by people from all over the world. Anyone could submit their ideas. The UN selected 83 workshops related, among other things, to the protection of children on the Internet, sustainable consumption in e-commerce, digital rights and obligations, and freedom of expression on the Internet etc. that will take place during this year’s IGF. See the full list of workshops.

    The list is constantly updated – check it out.

    Event particularly addressed to young people

    We want this year’s Internet Governance Forum to be an important event for young people from all over the world, who mostly make up the global online environment. Therefore, the Youth Internet Governance Forum (Youth IGF) will be one the events accompanying the IGF 2021.

    Anyone is welcome to attend the Internet Governance Forum. You just have to register. Do it now! – See the details.

    See you in Katowice! We hope that this will give us an opportunity to hold extremely interesting discussions and make good decisions. We are waiting for you!

    The Moodle Academy team share tips to encourage meaningful discussions online, get engagement from learners and make the most of Moodle forums

    Forums, or message boards, are a communication tool that enables participants to interact with each other and exchange knowledge. This is especially meaningful in online environments, where interaction with peers needs to be actively facilitated. When it comes to online education, forums are one the most important and equitable communication tools for learning development because they’re asynchronous, support UDL practices and social learning through peer review and support.

    As an asynchronous tool, forums allow learners to communicate with each other at any time, from anywhere with an Internet connection. They don’t have to be logged in at the same time to communicate with each other, which means they can take time to compose a reply and this allows those who may be unwilling or unable to speak in a live class environment to participate in discussion with their peers and share learnings.

    In Moodle LMS, the Forum activity is one of the most used tools for collaborative learning, and its many options give educators the flexibility to design their courses to teach the way they want. Let’s have a more detailed look at Moodle forums and how to make the most of them.

    Types of Moodle forums

    There are many kinds of forums to choose from in Moodle LMS; the type of forum that you choose to set up will depend on your teaching goals for the discussion. Let’s have a look at what each type of Moodle forum is useful for:

    • Standard forum for general use . This is an open forum where anyone can start a new topic at any time, as well as reply to any discussion. This is the best general-purpose forum.
    • Single simple discussion : a single discussion topic which everyone can reply to. This forum is useful to help learners focus and stay on topic, replying to only the opening post.
    • Each person posts one discussion : each participant can post exactly one new discussion topic, which everyone can then reply to. This enables learners to take ownership of their discussion post and is very useful for a peer assessment task, where learners can share their work in the discussion they start, and then have peers reply to it. It’s also a great forum to get learners to introduce themselves to the class.
    • Q&A forum : with this type of forum, learners must post a message before they see other students’ posts. This is very useful to encourage learners to post their own perspectives rather than repeating or copying what others have said. Because it requires original submissions, the Moodle Q&A forum can be used for assessment.
    • Standard forum displayed in a blog-like format: this works like the standard forum for general use, but only the opening discussion in the forum is displayed to ensure that users will read it. Then, they can respond by clicking a “Discuss this topic” button.

    Strategies to foster and facilitate online discussions

    Creating engagement and meaningful interactions in an online environment is quite different from doing it in a face-to-face environment. When it comes to getting learners involved in online discussions, there are some strategies you can implement to make sure everyone participates.

    • Create a safe environment: make learners aware of the code of conduct for the forums in your course or, to get greater commitment, have them agree to the terms and write it collaboratively. Ensuring a safe environment for everyone will encourage participation. Monitor the forums periodically -or give moderation capabilities to another user – to ensure no one is breaking the code of conduct. You can see an example of a forum code of conduct on our Moodle community forums .
    • Nurture the discussion : if the conversation loses momentum,, you can encourage it to continue, or to be more profound, by using questions that make learners think and come back to you with deeper responses, such as “What do you think about…?”, “Why do you think…?”, “What would happen if…?” or “What is your experience of…?”. These questions are also helpful as discussion-openers.
    • Use ratings to encourage participation : associating a grade with replying to a discussion is a very straightforward way to get learners participating in forums, whether it is you as a teacher who grades contributions, or you allow students to rate each other’s posts (in that case, providing a rubric or grading guide is always a good idea).
    • Gamify participation with badges : issuing a badge when learners reply to a forum can encourage them to do so. However, it should be used with care, since it could encourage some to reply just for the sake of obtaining a badge.
    • Give feedback : let learners know if the discussion is going in the right direction; this can encourage those who still haven’t participated to post a reply. If there is something that learners can improve, you can use the ‘sandwich method’ in which you say something positive, then something to improve, then end with something positive.
    • Keep the focus on the topic : in online discussions, especially if the interaction is high, it’s normal for participants to go off topic. You can nudge participants to bring the conversation back on topic by saying things like “let’s go back to…” or “returning to the original topic”… However, if the discussion has derailed completely, Moodle has an option that allows you to split the forum and create a new discussion beginning with a post you pick.

    This content has been extracted from the webinar “Make the most of Moodle Forums”, facilitated by Moodle Educator Manager Mary Cooch on August 25th. The recording and associated course are available on Moodle Academy.

    If you’d like to join upcoming webinars and to be part of our community of best practice and ongoing professional development, sign up to Moodle Academy , the learning hub for the global Moodle community

    Welcome to Career Catalyst, our blog featuring helpful continuing education and career-related articles written by our faculty and staff. From study and motivation tips to career planning and interview techniques, we cover it all. Make sure to check back regularly, because we’re always posting new articles designed to help you get more out of your education and career.

    How to use an internet forum

    In an online class, the discussion forum is the main way students and professors interact with the course’s ideas and lessons. But how do you do this successfully—and earn top marks for your thoughts?

    What is a Discussion Post?

    In an online class, discussion posts are the main way students and professors interact with the course’s ideas and lessons. The best discussion posts demonstrate an understanding of the course material and present a cohesive argument with evidence to back it up.

    The following six tips can help you generate an effective post, guaranteed to engage your classmates and elicit thoughtful responses from your instructor and classmates.

    1. Do your homework.

    Complete the assigned readings before writing your post. As you’re reading, make connections between the text and your own life. Immerse yourself in the readings so when you’re ready to begin writing, you’ll be fully prepared to present an authentic, meaningful response. Also, always be sure to access your instructor’s feedback on previous assignments to make sure you follow all expectations.

    2. Read prompts carefully.

    To make sure you understand the assignment instructions, answer these questions before you start writing:

    • Purpose: What question or required reading are you being asked to respond to?
    • Particulars: What is the word limit? When is the due date and time? What sources are you expected to draw on?
    • Response type: Are you being asked to reflect on personal experience, determine a solution to a problem, compare two ideas, or make an argument?
    • Formatting: What formatting has your instructor requested? If no specific formatting is indicated, follow general APA guidelines.
    • Expectations: How will your discussion post be assessed? Consult your course materials or instructor.

    3. Wake up your classmates with a strong argument or perspective.

    Develop a strong argument and support your statements with evidence from the course materials. In other words: research, research, research and cite, cite, cite. Be concise and articulate your ideas thoroughly. Explore all parts of the discussion question and get other students to think beyond traditional measures.

    How to use an internet forum

    4. Be relevant.

    Include personal or professional experience (when it’s applicable), and support your ideas with textual evidence. Offer real-world application of these ideas to bring added value to the conversation and resonate with other students. Remember to always relate direct references to concepts you’re learning about and establish those connections with evidence from academic sources.

    5. Bring something unique to the post.

    Do something extra that requires others to think and respond to the ideas you’re sharing. Use topic sentences to bring all points together and dig deep to find connections beyond the surface. Be sure that you have proposed a unique perspective that can be challenged by your classmates.

    6. Prepare your response in a text editor (like Word) before you post.

    In doing so, you’ll have a better chance to ensure the post is cohesive, coherent, and complete. Make sure to check all spelling and grammar. Just because it’s a discussion post doesn’t mean it should be messy.

    7. Leave participants wanting more.

    Post your response, engage with your classmates, and continue to ask follow-up questions. Be an integral part of the conversation and add value to what is being discussed. Some of the best online discussions continue in the minds of others long after you post to the discussion forum. So the next time you post, ask yourself: What can I write that will add value to the conversation?

    Writing is a process and one that requires consistent work and attention. Keep at it, and do not hesitate to reach out to me at any time for assistance! For even more tips and strategies, please visit my Student Writing Support website.

    Give students a chance to connect with each other and be heard.

    How to use an internet forum

    Creating a classroom community where meaningful conversations can happen isn’t easy — it’s an ongoing process that takes time. But using online discussion tools can be one great way to help your students build these skills. Plus, the ability to engage in online discussions responsibly is a great 21st-century skill in and of itself.

    Online discussions often lead to better in-class discussions afterward — you know, the kind where students raise their hands and speak out loud. With online discussions, students have a chance to engage with each other virtually, often having their thoughts and opinions validated. Afterward, they’re typically much more willing to share out loud in class and often share in thoughtful ways.

    Still not convinced? Here are a few more reasons to consider using online discussions:

    • Because comments are more permanent, students tend to think a bit more critically about what they say.
    • Especially for more introverted students, online discussions can be less intimidating than speaking in front of the class.
    • It’s easier for students to share dissenting opinions or “outside-the-box” ideas.
    • As students type responses, they often recognize and share more nuanced and compelling points and arguments.
    • Anonymous posting (though still teacher-moderated), a key feature with some discussion tools, can help erase the fear of public judgment or ridicule.
    • Everyone has ample opportunities to be heard and connect with other classmates, ensuring equity among all voices in your classroom.

    If you’re looking for an online discussion tool, you’ve got a variety of options. Here are a few top picks and teacher favorites:

    How to use an internet forumBackchannel Chat

    Price: $15/year/class; $299/year/school
    Platforms: Android, iOS, and web
    Grades: 7-12

    Backchannel Chat’s moderated online discussions are intended to engage students and encourage them to share. Think of it as a teacher-moderated, private version of Twitter, where students can discuss topics that might just transcend the virtual space. Setup is quick and easy: Teachers sign up, name their chat, and give students the URL. Students can join with only a name; no other personal information is required. Teachers can moderate discussions, remove messages, and “lock” the chat at any time.

    How to use an internet forumKialo

    Price: Free
    Platforms: Web
    Grades: 7–12

    Kialo is a free platform designed to foster thoughtful debate and discussion. Students can browse for and participate in existing discussions or create their own. Once they’ve chosen a discussion, students then choose their side — pro or con — and add their own opinions via “claims.” Kialo is a good platform for teaching the importance of reasoned, respectful arguments when trying to persuade others. Most teachers likely will want to create private discussions limited to their students to focus on a curriculum- or class-related topic.

    How to use an internet forumNowComment

    Price: Free
    Platforms: Web
    Grades: K-12

    NowComment is a document-annotation and -discussion platform that allows students to mark up and discuss texts. Upload a document (in any number of formats) to create an online discussion area. Paragraphs for text are numbered, with the document shown on the left and the comment panel on the right. You can control when students can comment on a document and when they can see each others’ comments. For group projects or peer-reviewed activities, you can have students upload their own documents.

    How to use an internet forumTurnitin

    Price: Starts at $2.50/student for school-wide subscription
    Platforms: iOS and web
    Grades: 3-12

    Known mostly as an online plagiarism detector, Turnitin has some lesser-known tools, too, including a built-in discussion platform. While the discussion tool may not be as robust as some other choices, Turnitin’s tool does offer anonymous posting and teacher-moderation options. Plus, if your students are already signed up and have accounts, getting started will be a cinch.

    How to use an internet forumYO Teach!

    Price: Free
    Platforms: Web
    Grades: 6–12

    YO Teach! is a backchannel web app teachers can use to create and moderate chat rooms for real-time student interaction. The admin features allow teachers to delete posts, mute students, control room access, and use the interactive features. Students can interact with teacher and peer posts by sharing text messages, replying to others’ posts, voting, responding to polls, sharing and annotating pictures, and submitting drawings. YO Teach! can be an engaging way to encourage collaboration and social interaction among students.

    Image courtesy of Allison Shelley/The Verbatim Agency for American Education: Images of Teachers and Students in Action.

    The main purpose of this policy is to provide a friendly, supportive and considerate environment where advisers can share experience and expertise, and to allow us to take action if anyone breaches these terms.

    Although areas of the rightsnet website may be viewed simply by visiting (and non-registered users can view the forums and the posts therein) in order to post a message in the discussion forum you first need to register.

    The forums are only for the use of advisers and it is a condition of registration that you provide your full name, details of your job and the organisation you work for, and a valid work email address.

    rightsnet is designed to support the work of those working in social welfare law organisations on behalf of people with social welfare law problems. Those registering with the forum need to be able to satisfy the administrators that their work is undertaken in an organisation with policies, procedures and mechanisms in place that ensure that their clients can rely on receiving a quality assured service.

    NB – Whilst we will consider applications for registration from those not working in an advice organisation – for example benefit administrators, freelance trainers and consultants, and non-social welfare law organisations – we request that you contact us in the first instance for details of the further information we will need to support your application for registration. Failure to contact us before registration will result in your registration being deleted. If your application for registration is approved, your continued use of the forum is on the understanding that contributions you make further the aims of the site – to support the work of advice workers working on behalf of claimants.

    However, please note that we are not in a position to offer the service to self-help or volunteer-led organisations, or ‘independent’ welfare rights advisers or similar, including those offering ‘no win, no fee’ services. Neither are we under any circumstances able to accept registrations from individuals seeking advice about their own situations.

    The rightsnet service is provided in furtherance of our vision – we want to see a society where access to information and expert advice on how to use it is available to all; where everyone, regardless of ability to pay, has access to the law to challenge discrimination, bad practice and disadvantage. Registrations will only be accepted from advisers / organisations providing services to this end.

    We reserve the right to terminate your registration if we learn that you have provided false or misleading registration information. Registrations without valid details will be automatically deleted.

    If you register, this policy will govern your use of rightsnet. By completing the registration process, you are indicating your agreement to be bound by this policy.

    The views expressed in the posts you will find in the discussion forums belong solely to their respective authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of rightsnet and/or our funders.

    Please remember that the open and real-time nature of the forums makes it impossible for us to vouch for the validity of any content posted. As such, we are not responsible for any messages posted or the consequences of following any advice offered within posts. It is solely your responsibility to evaluate the accuracy, completeness and usefulness of all opinions, advice, and other information provided. We reserve the right to edit any message posted in the discussion forum if we decide it is in breach of/conflicts with the main purpose of this policy.

    By using the site, you agree to the following –

    You will not post any material that is knowingly false, misleading, inaccurate or cannot be substantiated.

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    You will not behave in an abusive manner, and will not harass, threaten, nor attack anyone. If you disagree with someone’s posting or comment, don’t attack that person . agree to disagree, respectfully.

    You will not post material that is clearly outside of the stated topic nor disrupt others’ use of the site by, for example, deliberately posting repeated or irrelevant material or copies of identical material.

    You will not use the site in a manner that adversely affects the availability of its resources to other users.

    You will, if asked by a rightsnet representative, cease posting any content deemed to breach these terms by the site’s moderators.

  • You will not use the forum for commercial gain or to advertise your, or your organisation’s, own services or products.
  • We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to immediately, without notice, suspend or terminate your registration with, or ability to access, the site upon any breach by you of the terms of use.

    You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your username and password. You shall be responsible for all uses of your registration, whether or not authorised by you. You agree to immediately notify us of any unauthorised use of your registration or password.

    If you find any material published to the forums to be offensive or objectionable, please contact us. If we determine that removal of material is necessary, we will make reasonable efforts to do so in a timely manner.

    We may modify this policy at any time, and such modifications shall be effective immediately upon posting of the modified policy on the site. You agree to review this policy periodically to be aware of such modifications and your continued access or use of the site shall be deemed your conclusive acceptance of the modified policy.

    If you do not agree to changes in this policy as they may occur, please arrange to terminate your registration by notifying rightsnet of your unwillingness to accept the changes and by discontinuing your use of the site.

    The main difference between a blog and a forum is that a blog is a frequently updated web page or website where the content appears in reverse chronological order, while a forum is an online discussion site where users share ideas, thoughts, or help by posting text messages.

    Blogs and forums are two online platforms that help us to access various types of information. However, these two platforms have very different features.

    Key Areas Covered

    1. What is a Blog
    – Definition, Features, Uses
    2. What is a Forum
    – Definition, Features, Uses
    3. What is the Difference Between a Blog and a Forum
    – Comparison of Key Differences

    Key Terms

    How to use an internet forum

    What is a Blog

    A blog is a frequently updated web page or website, typically one run by an individual or small group. In a blog, the content appears in reverse chronological order – this means newer content appears first. We call the individual sections of content blog entries or blog posts. Moreover, the writing style of blog posts is usually informal or conversational style.

    How to use an internet forum

    During the 90s, people used personal web pages where they regularly posted about their personal lives, as well as, their opinions and thoughts. These were like online journals and diaries. Blogs evolved from this concept. Although traditionally, individuals or small groups of people managed the blogs, in the modern world, businesses also use them as a part of a larger website. They use the blog section of their website to create content regularly and educate their customers. Although blogs are somewhat similar to websites, there is one major difference. Websites are usually static in nature as they do not have regular updates. Blogs, on the other hand, have regular updates or posts. Some blogs publish multiple articles a day.

    What is a Forum

    A forum is an online discussion site where users share ideas, thoughts, or help by posting text messages. In other words, it’s an area where people can hold conversations via posted messages. Forums are not the same as chat rooms since posting message does not happen in real-time, and users can read these messages at any time. Moreover, unlike in chat rooms, messages are often longer, and they are temporarily archived. Sometimes, a moderator of the forum reviews and approves users’ messages before posting them. This depends on the set-up of the forum and the access level of the user. Furthermore, users may have to register in the forum and log in to post messages. Some forums may allow posting without registration. Generally, users do not have to log in to read messages.

    How to use an internet forum

    A discussion forum can have several subforums, and each of them has multiple topics. Each new discussion started within these topics is called a thread. Many people can respond to a thread. Furthermore, Reddit, Quora, Stack Overflow, and GamesSpot are some popular online forums.

    Some companies also use forums as a way to help with technical support and customer service. Customers can search the forums for similar concerns and questions to see if their question was previously asked and answered. This way they can find the solution to their problem on their own.

    Difference Between a Blog and a Forum


    A blog is a frequently updated web page or website where the content appears in reverse chronological order, while a forum is an online discussion site where users share ideas, thoughts, or help by posting text messages.


    A blog post typically involves one person’s opinions and thoughts, followed optionally by comments, whereas a forum involves the exchange of ideas and views between many users.


    A blog allows one-to-many communications; for instance, the one who posts the blog communicates with his or her readers. A forum, on the other hand, involves many-to-many communication.


    In a blog, content appears in reverse chronological order, whereas in a forum, the messages appear in chronological order so that it’s easy to follow the thread.


    A blog can contain different types of media such as text, photos, videos, links to other sites, whereas a forum mainly contains text.


    A blog is a frequently updated web page or website where the content appears in reverse chronological order, while a forum is an online discussion site where users share ideas, thoughts, or help by posting text messages. Thus, this is the main difference between a blog and a forum.


    1. “What Is a Forum?” Computer Hope, 2 Aug. 2020, Available here.

    Welcome to the SOS Forum, often described as “an oasis of rationality” on the internet. By registering on this SOS site you are also agreeing to the following SOS Forum Rules & Etiquette:

    • Not to post any material which is knowingly false, inaccurate, harmful, threatening, harassing, invasive of a person’s privacy, or tending unreasonably to discredit or malign.
    • Not to post material that is racist, abusive, vulgar, hateful, obscene, sexually oriented, or otherwise violative of any UK law.
    • Copyright material must not be posted unless it is owned either by you or by this web site.
    • No links are permitted to web sites offering pirate/cracked/illegal software or illicit music and/or video downloads and anyone found to have posted such a link will have their SOS Forum access withdrawn.

    Products & Advertising

    • SOS permits members to use the forums to share links to products, services and other resources that might be of mutual benefit. These can be found in the main discussion forum: Recording & Production.
    • Individuals may post promotional material regarding products and services that would be relevant to the SOS readership — i.e. related to recording and production. You may also include a link to a website in your personal signature (which appears under each post) or on your public Profile page but please make sure these are relevant to the SOS community and not spam or a surreptitous way to boost your own site’s SEO ranking.
    • Posts that serve only to promote your own music and/or social media presence are not allowed anywhere other than the ‘Self-Promotion’ forum which is provided for that purpose and is available to use by members with a post count of 100 or more.
    • Anybody using this facility as a gateway to promote things that are considered ‘spam’ (for example, promoting a retail website that has nothing to do with music) may be warned by the moderating team, but usually your account will be instantly deleted.
    • Manufacturers and distributors are warmly welcomed to promote their products, services, events, competitions, job vacancies and special offers in the New Products & Industry News forum but please make sure you have read and followed the guidelines first or you risk your posts being removed without warning.
    • We provide a dedicated For Sale and Wanted Readers’ Ads section of our site for the buying and selling of your own gear. Such adverts should be placed there and are not allowed in the SOS Forum.
    • Chain letters, pyramid schemes and similar are expressly forbidden in all forums.


    • YOU remain personally responsible for the content of your messages, and you agree to indemnify and hold harmless SOS Publications Group and phpBB Limited (the makers of phpBB forum software), and their agents with respect to any claim based upon transmission of your message(s).
    • We do not vouch for or warrant the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any message, and are not responsible for the contents of any message. The messages express the views of the author of the message, not necessarily the views of SOS Publications or any entity associated with the SOS Forum.
    • Although the SOS Forum does not and cannot review the messages posted and is not responsible for the content of messages posted by forum members, we reserve the right to delete any posted message for any reason whatsoever.
    • You hereby consent to SOS disclosing information we hold about you to any proper prosecuting or investigating authority in the event of a complaint or legal action arising from any message/comment posted by you here in the SOS Forum.
    • The SOS Publications Group, the owners of this site, reserve the right to amend these Rules at any time.

    Forum Posting Etiquette

    • Requests for links to, or support for, pirated/cracked software are expressly forbidden. Offending posts will be removed and persistent offenders risk being banned from the forums. SOS reserves the right to report the IP address of persistent offenders to copyright owners and/or FAST.
    • NO SHOUTING — posting all in CAPITALS is considered bad form and the equivalent of ‘shouting’. Resist all temptation to use them, for there is a chance your post will be deleted — or ignored by members.
    • Do not post the same topic into multiple forums. Choose the most appropriate forum for your question.
    • No spam allowed.
    • Unfortunately, like every other online forum, the SOS Forum sometimes attracts the attention of Internet Trolls who seek to cause disharmony among the legitimate users by making spurious or inflammatory posts. Anyone suspected of this kind of behaviour will be warned by the moderating team only once (check your forum Private Messages!). Continued inappropriate posts after a warning has been issued and not replied to will result in the immediate deletion of their user account.

    How To Notify Us Of Objectionable Material

    • If you feel that a posted message is objectionable, please alert the moderators of that forum by clicking on the Report This Post icon/button [an exclamation mark ! in a circle]. The Forum administrators and moderators can remove objectionable messages and we will make every effort to do so as soon as we can, if we determine that removal is necessary.
    • You may also email [email protected]

    Guests (Unregistered) Cannot Post

    You will still be able to read forum messages as an unregistered Guest, in all public forums apart from Musicians’ Lounge, but posting and replying is disabled. By registering with the SOS site you are agreeing to abide by the SOS Forum Rules and posting/replying will be activated, once you have successfully verified your registered My Account email address by replying to an email the system sends you.

    Appy Pie’s Forum Website Builder to Make a Community Forum Website without Coding.

    Trusted by 10 million businesses worldwide!

    How to use an internet forum

    How to Create a Forum Website in 3 Easy Steps?

    Follow these easy steps to create your own forum website:

    Enter your website name

    Select a unique name for your forum website that can help your business stand out

    Add preferred features to your website

    Build a great forum website without any coding

    Launch your website

    Test your forum website and launch it

    What pages are essential for a Forum Website?

    Last Updated on October 6th, 2021

    Forum website is an online platform to engage users from various locations into one discussion. You can use personal or social media channels to gain the focus on specific discussion thread. The basic pages for the forum website are mentioned below:

    Sign up/Login

    Sign up page on the is website has been added to keep the records of the users who are giving their inputs. It asks for the relevant information such as name, e-mail address so that you could get the update notifications and other contact details as phone number and mailing address.

    Discussion Threads

    This page has the multiple discussion threads going on. It has links for all the threads, user just need to click on the link to join the discussion. Whenever a new thread gets initiated, users get notification for that.

    Terms and Conditions

    Users have to follow the terms and conditions mentioned on this page in order to be a part of any discussion thread.


    This section of the website has the detailed information about the products that the company supports and entertains the discussions for. The products could be mobile applications, technical issues, computer languages or they could be related to fashion or some other industry, it all depends.


    This page has the plans and subscription offers details mentioned. Users have to sign up and take the membership in order to be a member of the community. The page has the monthly or yearly packages information.

    Blogs and Posts

    This part of the website has the blogs and posts related to the products or the performance of the company. This page also has the an optional review section for the users to share their ideas and inputs.

    Why you should use Appy Pie’s Website Builder for a Forum Website?

    SEO Friendly Feature

    Appy Pie website builder makes SEO friendly websites for the users and makes Google Ranking a very simple task.

    Fast-running Websites

    Appy Pie Website builder helps users create feather- light and fast-loading websites in order to ensure an excellent working experience for the users.

    Time Friendly Website creation

    Development team of the company develops websites from scratch and makes them ready to use in sometime.

    Codeless development feature

    The website builder provides the codeless development feature for creating the website. Website builder also offers codeless designing and options of adding pages in a few steps.

    Support Team

    Appy Pie website builder provides support team to help the users, if they need to fix something. The company also provides updated FAQs, guides and tutorials.

    Private User domain

    Appy Pie’s Smart Assistant feature creates own domain for the users in a very less time.

    Why you need to make a Forum Website?

    Creating a forum website is a tremendous way of bringing people together from all over the world and cultivate a conversation. It can easily promote marketing and online branding of a small business efforts.

    Success of a forum website depends on what theme or topic you bring into the community. Know about the shared interests of the people willing to join the online forum and emphasize it with the questions you raise, types of discussions you start or the material you upload.

    Even if it is an online discussion platform, it has to be attractive. Use various forum customization options and design features to make it look beautiful. Be an active admin, it will help in keeping the other users active. Think of the ways to keep the users engaged. Make the forum a reliable source of information and get the traffic as a reward.

    Top Frequently Asked Questions

    What is a forum website?

    A forum website is an online platform that helps people hold conversation in the form of messages. The forums are different from chat rooms and contain usually longer messages than the regular one-line ones. The best part about forums is that they let you archive the messages temporarily.

    What are forums used for?

    People use forums for-

    1. Improve Communication
    2. Encourage Discussions
    3. Better Engagement
    4. Increase Collaboration
    5. Seek help and assistance

    How do I create a forum website without any coding?

    Here is how you can create a forum website without any coding –

    1. Go to Appy Pie Website Builder page and click on Get Started
    2. Enter the business name and click on Next
    3. Choose the category that best meets your business needs
    4. Select a color scheme of your liking
    5. Click on Save & Continue
    6. If you have an Appy Pie account, login, else create an account
    7. Please wait while your website is getting ready.
    8. Click on Preview Website
    9. On this page, you will get 2 options – ‘Back to My Website’ and ‘Configuration’
    10. Click on ‘Back to My Website’ and it will take you to My Websites page
    11. Click on the ‘View More’ tab next to your forum website name
    12. Next will be the Website Overview Page. Find ‘Edit’ and click on it
    13. You will be redirected to the design customization section. Here you can modify the visual appearance of your forum website and add your preferred features
    14. Click on Save & Continue
    15. Click on ‘Configuration’ to connect the website with the domain
    16. Purchase a new domain or connect with your existing domain and launch your forum website in no time

    Should I add a forum to my website?

    Yes, you must add a forum to your website. The forum registration process helps you gather users’ email addresses. Adding a forum to your website can also help you build better relationships with your website visitors and gain credibility in the market.

    How do community websites make money?

    Here are a few major ways how community websites make money.

    1. Posting advertisements
    2. Asking for donations
    3. Hosting events
    4. Charging for memberships
    5. Selling market research communities

    This page contains reference examples for posts and comments in online forums such as Reddit, including the following:

    Cite a livestream (e.g., Reddit Public Access Network) that is not archived by its hosting platform and cannot be retrieved by any other means (i.e., recorded and made available online via another hosting site) as a personal communication.

    1. Online forum post

    Little, J. [j450n_l]. (2018, December 12). I’m the first person in the world with a neural-enabled prosthetic hand. Using an specialized prosthetic and a device implanted [Online forum post]. Reddit.

    • Parenthetical citation: (Little, 2018)
    • Narrative citation: Little (2018)
    • When the real name of the author is known, provide it first, in inverted format, followed by the screen name in brackets, as in the example.
    • When the real name of the author is not known, provide only the screen name without brackets.
    • Provide the title of the post in the title position, up to the first 20 words.
    • End with the site name (e.g., Reddit) and the URL of the post.

    2. Online forum comment

    Gates, B. [thisisbillgates]. (2017, February 27). Philanthropy is small as a part of the overall economy so it can’t do things like fund health care or [Comment on the online forum post I’m Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Ask me anything.]. Reddit.

    haffy-1223. (2018, September 12). What do you think while on the launchpad about to launch? [Comment on the online forum post I’m NASA astronaut Scott Tingle. Ask me anything about adjusting to being back on Earth after my first spaceflight!]. Reddit.

    • Parenthetical citations: (Gates, 2017; haffy-1223, 2018)
    • Narrative citations: Gates (2017) and haffy-1223 (2018)
    • When the real name of the author is known, provide it first, in inverted format, followed by the screen name in brackets (as in the Gates example).
    • When the real name of the author is not known, provide only the screen name without brackets (as in the haffy-1223 example).
    • Provide up to the first 20 words of the comment; then write “Comment on the online forum post” and the full title of post on which the comment appeared (in italics and sentence case, enclosed within square brackets).
    • End with the site name (e.g., Reddit) and the URL of the comment.
    • To access the URL of the comment itself (rather than the URL of the whole post), select the date stamp of the comment and then copy and paste the resulting URL from your browser.

    Online forum references are covered in Section 10.15 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition

    This guidance has been revised from the 6th edition.

    Table of Contents
    • What Does Message Board Mean?
    • Techopedia Explains Message Board

    What Does Message Board Mean?

    A message board is an online discussion area in which users with similar interests discuss topics. These conversations or discussions are available in the form of posted messages.

    Discussions are listed in a central place maintained on web pages. Message boards can be specialized or general, global or local, free or subscription-based, public or private, etc.

    Due to the simplicity and uncomplicated accessibility, message boards have become an excellent source of discussion and communication on the Internet.

    In these friendly discussion spots, members are able to view posts, post new queries or respond to existing queries posted by other members.

    A message board is also known as a forum, an online forum, and Internet forum or a discussion board.

    Techopedia Explains Message Board

    A message board comprises a hierarchical (tree-like) structure. It may include one or more sub forums, each of which can include numerous topics.

    Inside a forum, every new discussion started is known as a thread. There is no restriction on how many messages can be posted under each thread.

    Most forums come with robust search features, which helps users to go to an existing discussion quickly. With respect to the forum’s settings, users can access, read, and post messages either as an anonymous user or as a registered member.

    In some forums, the users must register and log in to post messages. The majority of the forums allow users to read the existing threads without logging in. The present-day message boards came from bulletin boards, and are considered a technological advancement of the dialup bulletin-board system.

    Software programs to set up online forums are extensively available on the web. Every program offers distinct features: some offer standard features like provisions for text-only postings, while some others offer more sophisticated programs, which include formatting code (often called BBCode) and multimedia support.

    Various programs may be incorporated simply into an existing website to let visitors post their comments. Common jargon associated with message boards includes:

    • User group: The Western-style forums coordinate visitors and registered members into user groups. Rights and privileges are given depending on these groups.
    • Administrator: An administrator or admin handles the technical details essential to run the site.
    • Moderator: A moderator is a user or an employee of the message board who is granted access to the threads and posts of all members. The moderator’s main job is to moderate discussions and keep the forums clean, for example, eliminating spam and spambots, etc. Moderators also respond to users’ concerns regarding the forum, general queries, as well as reply to specific complaints.
    • Thread: A thread or topic is a group of posts, often exhibited from newest to oldest.
    • Post: A post is a message submitted by the user, which is enclosed into a block that contains the user’s details as well as the date and time in which the message was submitted. Members are permitted to edit or delete their own posts in most cases. Posts are held under threads, where they are displayed as blocks one after another.

    Interactive Message Board, Discussion Board

    A Web forum is a website or section of a website that allows visitors to communicate with each other by posting messages. Most forums allow anonymous visitors to view forum postings, but require you to create an account in order to post messages in the forum. When posting in a forum, you can create new topics (or “threads”) or post replies within existing threads.

    Web forums are available for all kinds of topics. Examples include software support, help for webmasters, and programming discussions. While lots of Web forums focus on IT topics, they are not limited to information technology. There are forums related to health, fitness, cars, houses, teaching, parenting, and thousands of other topics. Some forums are general, like a fitness forum, while others are more specific, such as a forum for yoga instructors.

    Since Web forums are comprised of user-generated content (UGC), they continue to grow as long as users visit the site and post messages. The webmaster of a Web forum simply needs to manage the forum, which may require moving, combining, and archiving threads. It may also involve monitoring postings and removing ones that are inappropriate. While this can be a large task for popular forums, most forum software, like vBulletin and phpBB, can filter out inappropriate content.

    Because Web forums are constantly growing, they have become a large part of the Web. In fact, if you search for help on a certain topic, there is a good chance one or more forum pages will appear in the top results. After all, if you have a question about something, odds are you’re not the only one. You can use forums to glean knowledge from others who have shared your questions in the past. Conversely, you can help others by sharing your ideas and answers in an online forum.

    NOTE: Web forums are also called Internet forums, discussion boards, and online bulletin boards.

    Definitions by

    The definition of Web Forum on this page is an original definition. If you would like to reference this page or cite this definition, you can use the green citation links above.

    The goal of is to explain computer terminology in a way that is easy to understand. We strive for simplicity and accuracy with every definition we publish. If you have feedback about the Web Forum definition or would like to suggest a new technical term, please contact us.

    Want to learn more tech terms? Subscribe to the daily or weekly newsletter and get featured terms and quizzes delivered to your inbox.

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    The SNETP Forum 2022 edition will be held on 2 June 2022 in Lyon, France, in conjunction with FISA’2022 (10th Euratom Conference on Reactor Safety) and EURADWASTE’22 (10th Euratom Conference Radioactive Waste Management).

    The SNETP Forum 2022 will aim at discussing and analysing recent technological innovations in different fields selected by the SNETP Scientific Committee as to cover major topics of interest to the stakeholders of SNETP.

    Technical sessions

    New innovative solutions are needed to ensure cost competitiveness with other power generation technologies, as well as speed of construction and implementation in local systems. In addition to the nuclear reactors in operation and those under construction, Europe needs to expand the range of reactors technologies available to meet national/local specificities. The development of different SMRs, based on most matured technologies or on other advanced technologies, offers the possibility to deploy flexible options for both power and non-power applications and contribute to decarbonization. R&D&I should support the development of SMRs to make them safe and competitive with other means of production as part of a global deployment strategy over the coming decades.

    Nuclear codes and standards and supply chain

    Safety-related structures, systems and components (SSCs) of nuclear power plants are normally designed and produced according to stringent nuclear codes & standards (NC&S). Supplying such SSCs normally requires companies to establish and maintain a quite costly nuclear quality-assurance (QA) programme. In response to growing supply chain challenges European NPP operators started looking into greater deployment of high-quality non-nuclear industry standard components and equipment for safety-related SSCs of NPPs (i.e. commercial-grade dedication) and launched corresponding pilot projects with approval of their regulators. This is supported by European and international nuclear organisations like Foratom and the IAEA by providing guidance in this area. The further development of NC&S remains high on the agenda. Novel materials, manufacturing methods and technologies need to be included in NC&S before being allowed to be used for safety-related SCCs. This and also NC&S development for advanced reactors (SMRs, Gen IV) require significant R&D&I efforts. In this session, ongoing NC&S development activities and needs and supply chain related activities and challenges for the current reactor fleet and advanced reactors will be presented and discussed.

    Digital and robotics

    • Digital: The digital transformation has become a cross-cutting trend to all industrial sectors and nuclear is no exception to this: the European Commission considers that the climate transition should be coupled with a digital transition. Therefore, it is essential to build a European digital integration bench in order to achieve digital twins such as a Digital Nuclear Reactor. Concerted RD&I work is essential to make progress in terms of multi-physics modelling and simulation, high performance computing, data analysis and analytics, visualization, virtual reality, advanced instrumentation (e.g. Internet Of things) and I&C.
    • Robotics: NPP operation combines a number of interlinked human, organisational and technical factors. A strong drive to opt for advanced robotics in nuclear industry appeared after the Three Mile Island incident. Improving nuclear power plant operation and managing safely their decommissioning are considered to be key to the public acceptance of nuclear. If robots take over the human personnel in conducting risky operations, the latter will have a reduced exposure to radioactivity. Significant investments in artificial intelligence sustain this eventuality. Moreover, the ability to maintain the nuclear power infrastructure may depend on robots being able to carry out maintenance tasks that would otherwise be impossible, thus significantly extending the lifetime of reactors.

    R&D&I facilities

    Several R&D facilities have been shut down in the EU over the last decade. Therefore, loss of critical research infrastructure (i.e. facilities, capabilities and expertise) remains a concern to all SNETP stakeholders and the nuclear community as a whole. SNETP and some of its members took initiative to set up the “OFFERR” project that aims to support the European nuclear R&D community, and to establish an operational scheme facilitating access for R&D experts to key nuclear science through the channelling of financial grants provided by the Euratom programme. The goal is to construct a sustainable “User facility network (UFN)”. This session shall discuss the way this network shall be built and provide the current status of research facilities that support the implementation of the SNETP Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (2021) and beyond.

    Waste minimization and fuel cycle

    The current and projected fleet of plants consists largely of water-cooled, water-moderated reactors. These reactors have over time achieved a high degree of maturity in terms of economic performance and safety. To achieve major steps in terms of sustainability (reduced high-level waste production, better use of resources and higher thermal efficiencies) and to open the way for high-temperature non-electrical applications, new types of reactors based on other coolant technologies should be envisaged combined with more advanced fuel cycles. The use of fast reactors in a closed fuel cycle approach will allow a large decrease in natural resource (uranium) consumption, allowing therefore a more sustainable implementation of nuclear energy. One of the major concerns of society regarding the implementation of nuclear energy is also the high-level nuclear waste. Fast spectrum reactors with closed fuel cycles will allow a significant reduction in high-level nuclear waste radiotoxicity and volume. Advanced reprocessing and fuel manufacturing techniques are needed to recycle the minor actinides. This session shall discuss how the sustainability in terms of resource utilization and high level waste minimization can be gradually increased.

    The role of nuclear energy in mitigating climate change including non-electrical applications (hydrogen, heat, etc)

    With increased awareness of climate change in recent years, nuclear energy has received renewed attention. Nuclear energy can make a significant contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) worldwide, while at the same time meeting the increasing demand for energy of a growing world population and supporting global sustainable development. Nuclear energy has considerable potential to meet the challenge of climate change mitigation by providing a secured supply of electricity, district heating and high temperature heat for industrial processes while producing almost no GHGs. This session will focus on the different possible uses of nuclear to contribute to the EU decarbonisation strategy.

    Detailed Programme

    A draft detailed programme is available for download here.


    Register to attend the event here.

    Note: To those who wish to participate in the SNETP Forum, please indicate either FISA or Euradwaste in the pre-registration step. Once you receive the detailed registration form later on, you will be asked to specify which sessions you wish to attend, half-day by half-day. At this moment you will be able to indicate that you will only participate in the SNETP Forum.